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Diet for atherosclerosis: recommendations on nutrition, approximate menu

  • in the diet should reduce the amount of fat, especially for fats of animal origin;
  • sharply limit the consumption of butter and eggs - these are sources of saturated fatty acids;
  • in the diet must necessarily be present fish, seafood, poultry and vegetable oil are sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which in the body are converted into "useful" cholesterol;
  • on the menu there should be a lot of plant food;
  • cooking should be done using vegetable oil, but not creamy or any animal;
  • liver, eggs and other foods high in cholesterol are banned;
  • it is necessary to limit the amount of salt used - a dose of 5 grams( a teaspoonful) per day is allowed, and you can not add fat to the prepared dishes at the table.

Diet table number 10, which was developed by scientists from the Institute of Nutrition, is ideally suited to these theses.In addition to this diet, doctors recommend paying attention to the Mediterranean and / or Japanese diets - such food will also help to lower the level of cholesterol in the blood.

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Basic rules for a diet for atherosclerosis

Patients with a high risk of atherosclerosis are advised to exclude animal fats, carbohydrates( sugar), cholesterol and salt from food, and in return it is proposed to enrich the diet with vegetable fats and dietary fiber.

What foods are recommended for a diet for atherosclerosis:

  1. Basic dietary rules for atherosclerosis Rye bread, you can enter bread or bran bread into the menu.
  2. Any first dishes, but cooked not on meat broths, but vegetarian.As the first dish you can use milk noodles.
  3. Any kind of meat and poultry, excluded from the menu only lamb.Before using these products you need to remove fat, and cook them by baking or putting out.Fish of any sort, river and sea.
  4. .It can be steamed, baked in the oven and boiled.Milk and some dairy products.
  5. .Note that the milk should not be boiled and with the foam removed, cottage cheese / yoghurt / kefir - skim, and sour cream is allowed to add to dishes only in small quantities.
  6. Eggs are allowed to be consumed in the amount of 1 piece per day, and only its protein part.
  7. Pasta and cereals - they can be cooked on water or on milk, cook casseroles.
  8. Any vegetables in raw, boiled, stewed.They can also be baked on the grill and in the oven.
  9. Any fruit and berries, except for only grape juice and grapes in kind.
  10. Coffee with milk, green and black tea, juices and fruit drinks, compotes and kissels, broth of wild rose.
  11. Sweets are allowed to eat sugar or honey, but not more than 3 teaspoons per day.

Products that belong to the group banned for atherosclerosis:

  • broths and soups made of meat, mushroom soup;
  • lamb fat and lard;
  • fish prepared by salting;
  • any canned products, including homemade preparations / marinades;
  • pastry made from buttery dough;
  • oily and smoked sausages, sausages.

Menu for the week - approximate

Menu for the week - approximate

As can be seen from the previous section of the article, the diet for atherosclerosis can hardly be regarded as strict - almost all products are allowed.But that the diet was really dietary and rational, you need to know how to make a menu correctly.

1 day

Breakfast

Steamed cutlet from lean meat, salad from fresh carrots and apples, boiled potatoes, yogurt with low fat content.

Lunch

Shrimp salad or other seafood, vegetarian soup with potatoes, rice pilaf and low-fat meat, broth of wild rose.

Dinner

Traditional cabbage rolls with gravy, curd or curd pasta with raisins or other dried fruits, berry juice.

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Day 2

Breakfast

Potato roll with minced meat, black tea with milk.

Lunch

Salad from sea kale, borscht on meat broth, but on the secondary, buckwheat porridge with stewed meat and gravy, baked apple with honey and nuts.

Dinner

Homemade noodles with the addition of cheese, cod, cooked in the oven, compote of fresh or dried fruit / berries.

Day 3

Breakfast

Mashed potatoes, steamed meat and rice steamed meat, cocoa with milk.Rice soup on a secondary broth, vegetable stew, potatoes and boiled chicken breast, baked apple.

Lunch

.

Dinner

Buckwheat porridge with meat zrazy, curd and carrot casserole, decoction of rose hips.

Day 4

Breakfast

Cheesecakes with carrots, rice porridge, tea with milk.

Lunch

Salad of squid or any other seafood, classic cabbage soup, roulette baked from potatoes and fish, berry or fruit jelly.

Dinner

Stew of stewed vegetables, pudding from semolina, green tea.

Day 5

Breakfast

Beef boiled tongue( or a small piece of boiled veal) with sour cream sauce, curd with dried apricots, tea with milk.

Lunch

Carrot and apple salad, vegetable soup, meat schnitzel with boiled pasta, jelly from any berries or fruit.

Dinner

Potato casserole, boiled meat, cabbage patties and compote made from rose hips.

Day 6

Breakfast

Steam cutlets from lean meat, pasta with grated cheese and black tea with milk.

Lunch

Salad from squid or any other seafood, soup from fresh cabbage, millet porridge with boiled chicken breast, apple fresh.

Dinner

Baked buckwheat, vegetable ragout and nectar made from peach or any other fruit.

Day 7

Breakfast

Classic cheesecake with the addition of a small amount of sour cream, milk corn porridge, a drink of chicory or coffee with milk.

Lunch

Salad from sea kale, noodle soup on low-fat chicken broth, turkey boiled and baked potatoes, compote of dried fruits.

Dinner

Cod or pollack, cooked in the oven, rice pudding with the addition of raisins, diluted juice from orange.

How to diversify nutrition in atherosclerosis

To not raise the level of cholesterol in the blood and treat yourself to some delicacies, you can use dishes from Mediterranean cuisine.In general, the Mediterranean diet means the use of olive oil, all sorts of fish, pasta from durum wheat, cheese, sour-milk products.

What can be introduced into a diet for atherosclerosis from Mediterranean cuisine :

  • muesli with skimmed yogurt;
  • pasta with stewed vegetables;
  • cottage cheese with honey;
  • the cheeses are hard and soft;
  • wheat porridge with vegetables;
  • rice puddings with the addition of fruits and berries;Beans with vegetables.
  • .

Variety of food for atherosclerosis can also be dishes from Japanese cuisine - it includes dishes of fish, rice and vegetables.For example, you can easily prepare yourself or buy ready-made sushi and rolls, it is allowed to eat soy products( for example, tofu), and instead of the usual gravies you need to use soy sauce.

A diet for atherosclerosis is not a strict diet.Patients can eat almost all known and tasty dishes and foods.And given the fact that the diet can always be diversified with Japanese or Mediterranean dishes, you can call the described food for atherosclerosis very attractive.

Yana Tsygankova, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category.


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