Grapefruit: benefit and harm
The original citrus fruit was discovered by Europeans in the New World, the first description of the grapefruit growing on the islands of the Caribbean Sea dates back to 1750.Huge fruits hanging from the branches, brushes, why it was called "grape fruit"( grape - grapes).
Wild fruits are very bitter, and in the south of the US grapefruit has long been grown as an ornamental tree.Only northerners, appreciating the unusual taste, began to cultivate it, bringing out all new varieties, from pale yellow to burgundy-red.Red fruits are the sweetest.
The origin of grapefruit has not been solved yet.It is established that this is a hybrid of Asian pamelo and orange.But whether it was derived as a result of breeding, or it is the fads of natural crossings, it remains a mystery - no one has ever experimented with the creation of such a hybrid.But in the 1980s, scientists successfully crossed it with pamelo( having received the oroblanco) and mandarin( tannelo and minneol), thereby enriching the palette of citrus fruits.
Nutritional value of
Even the sweetest grapefruit varieties are known for their low caloric value - an average of about 36 kcal per 100 g.
- Caloric value: 35 kcal
- Proteins: 0,7 gr
- Fats: 0.2 gr
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- Carbohydrates: 6,5 gr
- Dietary fiber: 1,8 g
- Organic acids: 1.5 g
- Water: 88.8 g:
- Mono- and disaccharides: 6.5 g
- Ash: 0.5 g
- 23 mg
- Magnesium: 10 mg
- Sodium: 13 mg
- Potassium: 184 mg
- Phosphorus: 18 mg
- Vitamin PP: 0.2 mg
- Beta-carotene:0.02 mg
- Vitamin A( RE): 3 μg
- Vitamin B1( thiamin): 0.05 mg
- Vitamin B2( riboflavin): 0.03 mg
- Vitamin B5( pantothenic): 0.03 mg
- Vitamin B6( pyridoxine): 0.04 mg
- Vitamin B9( folic): 3 μg
- Vitamin C: 45 mg
- Vitamin E( TE): 0.3 mg
- Vitamin PP( Niacin equivalent):0.3 mg
- Iron: 0.5 mg
In grapefruit, there is a fairly rare substance - inositol( vitamin B8), reminiscent of saccharides, but not a carbohydrate.It promotes the rapid utilization of fats, which, combined with a negligible calorie and tonic effect, makes this fruit the very thing "that one must eat to lose weight."
Another unique element is natural quinine, which is not only famous for its anti-malarial effect, which is irrelevant for residents of most countries, but also lowers temperature, struggles with arrhythmia, and has a sedative effect.In it lies the cause of the specific bitterness of grapefruit, for which he is disliked or idolized.Another source of bitterness is the glycoside naringenin, an antioxidant contained in films and white flesh.
Single fruit contains a daily dose of vitamin C.
Benefits of grapefruit
Unique compounds that are not found in other fruits and vegetables make grapefruit particularly important for therapeutic nutrition and enriching the daily diet.Fans of these citrus fruits are completely protected from any manifestations of beriberi, they have clean elastic vessels and a stable nervous system.For diabetics, the inclusion of fruit in the diet decreases the need for insulin.
It is necessary to know about what grapefruit is useful in the treatment of ailments, to everyone.With colds and infectious diseases, juicy fruit helps to reduce the temperature.If the medication is prescribed for the patient, it should be remembered that the bioactive substance bergamotte, present in large amounts in crusts, contributes to the increased absorption of drugs from the intestine, which increases their effectiveness.
The role of this hypoallergenic fruit for weight loss is invaluable: at an exceptionally low calorie content, which allows you to eat it as much as you want, it promotes active burning of fats and carbohydrates.
Important! P In pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, the beneficial properties of grapefruit are manifested most fully.One - two fruits is enough to cover the daily requirement for most vitamins.With toxicosis, appetite and good digestion are restored.In later terms, these citrus fruits help fight obesity, swelling of , with blood clots.But with hormonal processes everything is more complicated, there are contraindications.For a pregnant woman, the violation of a specific hormonal balance is especially dangerous: in the second and third trimester, juicy pulp should be limited, completely eliminating the film and peel.
Contraindications to grapefruit are directly related to a powerful curative effect.It can be harmful if used excessively or improperly.
What is harmful for grapefruit in the prevention of conception and pregnancy?Biologically active substances, especially bergamotte, not only enhance the absorption of therapeutic drugs, but also affect the hormonal background.
Important! If a grapefruit lover accepts contraceptives in tablets, the consequences can be unpredictable: the likelihood of conception even increases.
To combat excess weight, you need to eat a slice of juicy pulp or drink half of the fruit juice after each meal - the fats will be split quickly and completely, without being stored in subcutaneous depots.
Note: and When taking medication and maintaining the hormonal background, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the lobules of white pulp and films, this is especially important for pregnant women in the second and third trimester, and when using oral contraceptives.To reduce body temperature, on the contrary, it is important to give the patient a bitterish nectar together with white flesh.
Start the day with a half grapefruit - it's not only delicious, but also cheers, is stress prevention.A half a glass of juice before going to bed will make it possible to forget about insomnia.