Diet after a stroke: the allowed and forbidden products, the approximate menu
Diseases of the cardiovascular system are extremely common all over the world.The group of vascular diseases include, among others, stroke.This acute pathological condition, which requires the provision of emergency medical care.When the critical period is left behind, the rehabilitation period after the stroke comes.At this stage, an important role is played by human nutrition.Table of contents: Principles of the diets after a stroke Prohibited after a stroke products What can I eat after a stroke?Vitamins after a stroke Sample menu for a day
Principles of a diet after a stroke
Stroke is an acute disorder of the cerebral circulation.The occurrence of stroke leads to factors such as cerebral artery atherosclerosis and hypertension .After a stroke, neither atherosclerosis nor hypertension disappears.So, there is a risk of repeated strokes on the background of existing diseases in the future.With these diseases it is necessary to fight both with the help of medicines, and the diet.
After a stroke a person is very important to lead a healthy lifestyle and eat right.The diet has the following goals: to help the body recover from a stroke, and also to influence the existing diseases( atherosclerosis, hypertension) in order to prevent the occurrence of repeated strokes.
To doctors who have suffered a stroke, doctors attribute the therapeutic diet No. 10 to .This diet is widely used in various cardiovascular diseases. Basic principles of the diet:
- Reduce the content of animal fat in food;
- Increase the content of vegetable fat;
- To reduce the use of easily digestible carbohydrates( white flour products, confectionery, potatoes, etc.) and give preference to complex carbohydrates( cereals, cereals, vegetables);
- Proteins must be in sufficient quantities;
- Limit the intake of salt;
- Restrict the intake of cholesterol in the body;
- Limit the amount of liquid drunk per day to 1.5 liters;
- Increase the content of vitamins B, C, E, potassium, magnesium in the diet;
- I cook food by boiling, steaming, avoid roasting.
Prohibited after stroke products
When people hear the word "diet", many associate with tight restrictions and tasteless dishes.In fact, diet after a stroke should be full and provide physiological needs of the body.Nutrition after a stroke does not require any strict restrictions. But for a speedy recovery after illness, it is worth listening to the recommendations of nutritionists.
The main enemy of a person who has suffered a stroke is cholesterol. It is the increased level of cholesterol in the blood that leads to the development of atherosclerosis and as a consequence of the onset of a stroke.As you know, cholesterol is found in large amounts in fatty foods of animal origin, namely in fatty meat and poultry( pork, lamb, duck), by-products, egg yolks, butter, fatty milk products and cheeses.
It is known that excessive intake of salt leads to an increase in blood pressure, which is highly undesirable in this case. Patients with a history of stroke should limit salt intake to 3 mg / day.And the food can not be salted during cooking, but only you can sprinkle with salt already prepared meals.
Please note! For many people at first, the restriction of salt is not easy and the food seems tasteless.It is fair to say that soon the taste buds adapt to the lack of salt, and the food will again seem tasty and bring pleasure.
In addition, it is necessary to limit the use of products such as:
- Easily assimilated carbohydrates( white flour products, confectionery products, potato consumption restriction);
- Filled broth;
- Fatty types of fish, caviar;Sorghum, spinach;
- Some milk products: sour cream, cream;
- Alcoholic beverages.
What can I eat after a stroke?
Food after a stroke should be high in calories and contain in the required amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates.As already mentioned above, to provide the body with carbohydrates is necessary due to the complex hydrocarbon in.Foods rich in complex carbohydrates are low-calorie, contain dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals.In turn, dietary fibers( fiber, pectin) have at least a small but hypolipidemic action, thus reducing the level of "harmful" lipids in the blood. Essential complex carbohydrates contain such foods:
- Vegetables( carrots, cabbage, tomatoes, zucchini);
- Cereals( oats, buckwheat, brown rice, wheat);
- Products made from wholemeal flour( bread, muesli, pasta).
It would be a mistake to think that fats are an absolute evil that must be avoided at all costs.In fact, fats contain fatty acids, which have a different effect on the body.Thus, saturated fatty acids, which are mainly found in animal fats, contribute to the increase of lipid levels in the blood. Unsaturated fatty acids contained in vegetable oils and fish oils, on the contrary, reduce the level of lipids in the blood.Therefore, the human diet after a stroke should be rich in products containing unsaturated fatty acids in a large number of .Doctors recommend consuming up to thirty grams per day of vegetable oil.It can be flaxseed, olive or even the most common sunflower oil.
Complete restoration can not be imagined without protein, which is in sufficient quantity contained in meat. In the postinsult period it is necessary to give preference to non-fat types of meat, namely: chicken, rabbit meat, beef, veal .At the same time, the skin is removed from the chicken before cooking.
Vitamins after a stroke
It is extremely important that the diet in the post-stroke period is rich in the necessary minerals and vitamins.According to scientific research, people with hypertension who use a diet enriched with potassium, have a lower risk of stroke. The following products are rich in potassium:
- Fruits( apricots, bananas, apples, prunes, dried apricots and raisins);
- Vegetables( tomatoes, parsley, pumpkin);
- Sea kale;
- Fish and seafood.
Doctors recommend enriching the diet with vitamins of group B, which are needed to restore the nervous tissue after a stroke. Vitamins of this group should be searched in cereals and bran, nuts, green vegetables, meat.
You also need to pay attention to vitamin E, which is an antioxidant .Scientists claim that vitamin E reduces painful post-stroke consequences.This vitamin is found in large quantities in vegetable oils, sea fish and seafood, nuts, cereals.
Sample menu for the day
The diet after a stroke can not be called strict.A person observing a diet does not experience any discomfort, because he does not have to deprive himself of delicious food.It is easy to prepare different dishes that will be both varied and useful. The approximate menu for the day is as follows:
- 8.00 - oatmeal with added dried fruits, green tea;
- 11.00 - curd five percent, compote of berries;
- 14.00 - low-fat soup with chicken, a portion of fresh vegetables, tea;
- 17.00 - steam omelet, a portion of fresh tomatoes;
- 20.00 - braised low-fat fish, buckwheat porridge.
At night you can drink low-fat kefir or ryazhenka.During the day, drink up to 1.5 liters of liquid( including soup, compote, tea).
Grigorova Valeriya, doctor, medical reviewer