Asparagus: benefit and harm
Asparagus is one of the most ancient, used by man to eat vegetables.And it has a great taste and a truly unique set of qualities beneficial to the body.
Traditionally, people eat only two kinds of asparagus from more than 200 known:
And only very young shoots of a vegetable plant with barely noticeable buds are suitable for food.Asparagus, in which the buds have already blossomed, becomes "wooden", and it is not tasty at all, and there will not be much benefit from such a product.
Asparagus white "aristocratic"
For a long time, the white asparagus was considered more "noble" than green.In the menu of the best restaurants of the Old and New World, white asparagus was present( and present) without fail.And to order it as a side dish or a separate dish has always been considered the highest chic and a sign of a great culinary taste.
Asparagus lovers recently "rasprobovali" its green version.He was much brighter in taste and fragrance than his "aristocratic" white fellow.In addition, green asparagus contains chlorophyll, which supplies human cells with oxygen.
But the so-called "Korean asparagus" has nothing to do with actual asparagus and generally has no vegetables.This product is made from compressed foam of boiled soy milk and is called "fuipi", and in another way "fuzhu".
Nutritional value and chemical composition of asparagus
- Calories: 21 kcal
- Protein: 1.9 g
- Fat: 0.1 g
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- Carbohydrates3.1 c
- Dietary fiber: 1.5 g
- Organic acids: 0.1 g
- Water: 92.7 c
- Mono- and disaccharides 2,2 c
- Starch: 0.9 g
- Ash: 0.6 c
- Calcium 21 mg Magnesium
- 20 mg
- Sodium: 2 mg
- 196 mg Phosphorus 62 mg
- Vitamin PP: 1
- mg Beta carotene 0.5 mg
- Vitamin A( RE) 83 mcg Vitamin
- B1( thiamine) 0.1 mg
- Vitamin B2( riboflavin) 0.1 mg
- Vitamin C: 20 mg
- Vitamin E( TE) 2
- mg Vitamin PP( niacin equivalent): 1.4mg
- Iron: 0.9 mg
the human body to digest asparagus fast calories in it quite a bit, but as a part ofA lot of vitamins and nutrients.
As for vitamins, they have a whole complex in green and white asparagus - here are vitamins of group B, and PP, and also A, C and E. In addition, this vegetable contains zinc, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, iron and magnesium.
Asparagine is also rich in asparagine, a substance that dilates blood vessels, lowers blood pressure and helps to remove one of the most dangerous toxins - ammonia - from the human body.
How useful asparagus is
The useful properties of asparagus are widely used by nutritionists in the preparation of therapeutic and restorative diets.For example, asparagus must be included in the menu of patients who have had a heart attack.After all, this vegetable, or rather, contained in it asparagine positively stimulates the muscle of the heart.
Vitamin A, contained in the asparagus composition, significantly improves the skin condition and affects positively on visual acuity.Calcium and phosphorus strengthen the bone tissue, and iron and magnesium normalize blood circulation.Zinc promotes the healing of wounds of various origins and makes the connective tissues strong.
In addition, asparagus is an excellent natural diuretic and is therefore included in the majority of rehabilitation rations for people with chronic kidney disease.
The benefits of asparagus are appreciated by beauticians. Juice, extracts and extracts of this vegetable plant are used to prepare:
- exfoliating preparations( scrubs, foams, lotions, etc.);
- cleaning compositions( serums, masks, etc.);
- emollients( creams, fluids).
How harmful is the asparagus
However, like any other plant, asparagus has features that adversely affect the human body, suffering from certain diseases.The damage to asparagus( if you can say so) is the individual intolerance of this product by some people.
There are also medical contraindications for the use of this product.It can aggravate the course of certain diseases. Therefore, contraindications to asparagus are ulcers:
- of the stomach;
- and duodenum.
Recommendations on the use of asparagus
First of all, it should be noted that green and white asparagus should be necessarily included in the diet of pregnant women.Practically from the very beginning of bearing a fetus.Asd25ASD
After all, asparagus contains a record amount of folic acid( vitamin B9), which is necessary for the correct intrauterine development of the baby - the organization of normal blood circulation and prevention of possible diseases of the tiny liver( for example, the same jaundice of newborns).
Any asparagus is rich in iodine, and it is extremely important for future mothers.In addition, the use of asparagus in food is a guarantee of prevention of avitaminosis.Including infants.Therefore, asparagus simply need to be included in the menu for the period of lactation.
And asparagus dishes should be eaten in patients with:
- diabetes mellitus;
- with hepatitis and cirrhosis;
- with prostatitis;
- cardiac and renal edema.
Rough asparagus fibers generally promote proper digestion.Especially if you properly prepare this vegetable culture.Before cooking with the asparagus ends, cut 2 cm and cook the stems with the tips downwards so that the cut ends rise above the water level of centimeters by 5.
White asparagus is cooked for no more than a quarter of an hour, green is prepared from 3 to 8Minutes.To keep the latter a beautiful bright shade, it immediately after cooking is covered with ice water.