Chili: benefit and harm
Chili( red pepper) comes from Peru, belongs to the Capsicum family.Some tribes of the Indians esteemed the plant as a deity and worshiped it.In the tropical forests of South America and today you can meet wild varieties of chili.
Interesting! Italy was the first plant in Europe to be recognized thanks to Columbus.In the researcher's notes, even the exact date is indicated - January 15, 1493 - that's when he first tried "burning sauce from local fruits."Initially, the Europeans grew chili for medicinal purposes, in the hands of cooks, he fell years later.
Composition hot pepper
Nutritional value of 100 g:
- Calories: 324 kcal
- Proteins: 10.6 g
- Fat: 5.8 g
- Carbohydrate: 69.9 g
- Dietary fiber: 28.7 g
- Water: 7.15 g
Fresh chili fruits are almost 90 percent water, so their caloric content is small - 40 kcal per 100 grams. The composition of the spice includes:
- essential oils, thanks to which the product has a brightly expressed odor;
- carotene - gives juicy shades to the pods;
- capsaicin is an alkaloid that imparts sharpness;
- wide vitamin range: C, E, A, B1, B2, B6, PP, K;
- acid: pantothenic and folic;
- microelements and macro elements: calcium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, selenium, manganese, iron.
As you can see, the product contains a lot of substances necessary for the human body.Now let's look at how useful the chili pepper is, under what diseases it will be indispensable, and under what circumstances it is better to abandon its use.
Capsaicin, which is part of the product, not only gives it a taste, but also has the ability:
- to normalize the pancreas and stomach;
- increase appetite;
- dilute blood, thereby reducing the risk of thrombosis;
- normalize blood pressure.
In reasonable quantities, chili pepper is useful to people who have problems with the gastrointestinal tract, who suffer from insomnia, atherosclerosis and frequent allergic reactions.Also, the product has a beneficial effect on liver function, improves metabolism, stabilizes brain activity and lowers blood sugar levels.
It is irreplaceable for red pepper and for colds.It increases immunity, fights against viruses, improves blood circulation, thereby contributing to a speedy recovery.
Interesting! Chili fruits contribute to the production of endorphins( hormones of happiness), resulting in an emotional uplift and a good mood.That is why it is recommended to include this product in the diet with the onset of colds - it helps to overcome depression and depression.
In Asia, chili is considered not only spicy, but also a strong antibacterial agent.In a hot climate, the multiplication of microbes is faster, so in countries such as India, Thailand, Vietnam prefer to cook spicy dishes.This reduces the risk of poisoning and infecting infectious diseases.Moreover, even pregnant women and children use sharp dishes.
Important! In moderate amounts, chili pepper will not cause any harm to the expectant mother, but it causes dryness, and as a result, consumption of a large amount of liquid that during pregnancy is fraught with swelling.During breastfeeding it is better to abandon this product altogether.
Harmful and contraindications
Chili pepper is dangerous in the following diseases:
- hypertension and arrhythmia;
- kidney failure;Gastritis and gastric ulcer
Some varieties can cause skin and mucous irritation even with a simple touch.After "contact" with the product, wash your hands well, try not to touch the eyes.
Tip! If you ate a lot of hot pepper, wash it with water is meaningless.Sour bitterness will help sour-milk products( yogurt or kefir), as well as lemon juice.
It should be noted that the cultivation of chili pepper does not require special knowledge and skills.It can be planted in a flower pot and kept on the windowsill.Thus, aromatic spices will always be at hand, and a neat little bush with bright "lights" will decorate the interior of your kitchen.