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Mouse fever: symptoms, treatment and prevention


Mouse fever is an acute viral focal and natural disease characterized by the appearance of fever, general intoxication of the body and pathological damage to the kidneys."Mouse fever" is not a medical term, doctors classify this disease as hemorrhagic fever with kidney syndrome.This disease is quite dangerous, as the absence of treatment leads to serious complications, for example, to the patient's disability and death on the background of kidney damage.

The transmission of the mouse rush virus is airborne, in the summer, the alimentary route of infection is more common( through foods infected with rodents).Mouse fever is more common among villagers, and this disease is mainly diagnosed in men aged 16-50 years.

Please note! This virus is not transmitted from person to person!

Table of Contents: Symptoms of Mouse Fever Treatment of Mouse Fever Prevention of Mouse Fever

Symptoms of Mouse Fever

The course of the disease under consideration passes through several stages that smoothly interchange:

  1. Incubation period.It lasts 7-46 days, usually 20-25 days.During this period, people do not even suspect that they are already infected with the virus, since there are no symptoms of the disease completely.
  2. The initial stage.This disease begins to manifest itself by raising the body temperature to critical values ​​(40 degrees or more), chills, severe weakness.Patients complain of dry mouth and constant headache, skin around the neck, face and chest acquire a red tint, hemorrhagic rash may appear and conjunctivitis may develop.Most often the murine fever progresses so slowly that many take its symptoms for signs of a cold.
  3. Oligouric stage.This period of renal and hemorrhagic manifestations begins with 2-4 days of illness.In this case, the patient has a high body temperature, he is worried about fever, and the general health deteriorates.The main symptom of this stage of the current disease is intense pain in the lumbar region and in the abdomen, a couple of days, there is multiple vomiting.The skin on the entire body becomes dry, the face and neck are still red, conjunctivitis persists.To these manifestations joins hemorrhagic rash( small-dot subcutaneous hemorrhages), pronounced renal syndromes - swelling of the face, a decrease in the volume of excreted urine.
  4. The polyuric period, which begins on the 9-13th day of the disease.Vomiting stops, pains in the abdomen and lumbar spine disappear, the daily amount of excreted urine increases sharply.The patient notes that severe weakness persists.
  5. Recovery period.This is the stage that is characterized by the normalization of the patient's condition, the kidney function is restored, any skin manifestations disappear.


Treatment of murine fever

Treatment of the examined disease is carried out only in conditions of infectious separation of the hospital and under the supervision of a doctor.Self-medication in this case is categorically contraindicated, it is dangerous for the health and life of the patient.

As part of the treatment, the doctors prescribe: strict

    • for 1-4 weeks;
    • analgesics - Analgin or Ketorol;
    • antiviral drugs - Amiksin, Ingavirin, Lavomax;
    • anti-inflammatory drugs - Piroxicam, Aspirin;
    • antipyretic drugs - Nurofen or Paracetamol;
    • infusion therapy - 5% glucose rasstore, saline solution;
    • vitamin therapy - preparations of group B, ascorbic acid.

    If necessary, the doctor can prescribe hormonal therapy when the patient is given glucocorticosteroid hormones( Prednisolone).Often, on the background of the progression of murine fever, thrombotic complications develop, and in this case it will be expedient to prescribe anticoagulants - for example, Warfarin or Heparin.With severe kidney damage in the oligouric period of the disease, the patient may need hemodialysis.

    Mouse Fever Prevention

    First of all, you should avoid contact with rodents - carefully pack food and dishes when leaving for nature, and products that have already been damaged by rodents should not be used for food.

    Very important in prevention is the observance of the elementary rule of personal hygiene - thorough washing of hands before each meal.

    Mouse fever is a dangerous disease, so when the first signs of an organism's intoxication appear, which do not disappear within two days, you should seek qualified medical help.

    Konev Alexander, the therapist

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