Hazelnut: benefit and harm
Nuts hazelnuts - a favorite for many delicacies, which is very similar to a hazelnut in shape and taste.In fact, this is the same plant.Only a hazelnut is a wild tree, known to ancient people of the post-glacial period.And hazelnuts are a cultivated form of hazel with larger and round fruits, grown by man in their gardens for six centuries, and in some countries, for example, Turkey, Italy, Spain - even on an industrial scale.Interesting fact: in England there is a touching tradition of the newlyweds to plant a hazelnut tree near their house in the hope that they will necessarily have a firstborn boy.
At one time I.V.Michurin was delighted with the rich biochemical composition of hazelnut and hazelnut.He devoted several years of life to crossing these plants.And he managed to bring out several yielding varieties, resistant to frost for the central part of Russia.The most famous varieties of hazelnut are Crimean, badem, kerassund, having almost the same properties and composition, although they are slightly different in shape and thickness of the shell.
Nutritional value and chemical composition hazelnut
Nutritional value of 100 g:
- Calories: 651 kcal Protein
- 15 c
- Fat: 61.5 g
- Carbohydrates: 9.4 c
Show the full list »
- Dietary fiber: 5.9 g
- Water: 4.8 g
- starch: 5.8 gr
- Ash: 3.4 g
- saturated fatty acids: 4.4 g
- Mono and disaccharides: 3,6 g
- Vitamin PP: 2 mg
- Beta-carotene: 0.01 mg
- Vitamin A( RE) 2
- mcg Vitamin B1( thiamin) 0.3 mg
- Vitamin B2( riboflavin) 0.1 mg
- Vitamin B5( pantothenic): 1.1 mg
- Vitamin B6( Pyridoxine): 0.7 mg
- Vitamin B9( folic): 68 μg
- Vitamin C: 1.4 mg
- Vitamin E( TE): 20.4 mg
- Vitamin K( phylloquinone): 14.2 μg
- Vitamin PP( niacin equivalent): 5.2 mg Choline
- : 45.6 mg
- Calcium: 170 mg
- Magnesium: 172 mg
- Sodium 3 mg Potassium
- : 717 mg
- Phosphorus: 299mg
- Chloro: 22mg
- Sulfur: 190 mg
- Iron 3 mg
- Zinc: 2.44
- mg Iodine 0.2 mcg Copper
- 1125 mcg
- Manganese: 4.2 mg
- Selenium 2.4 mcg
- Fluoride 17 ug
- Cobalt: 12.3 g
Useful properties hazelnut
All good nut due to its remarkable biochemical mineral composition.Included in its composition fatty acids prevent the formation of cholesterol plaques, reducing the level of "bad" cholesterol.In their way, the nuclei act as panicles for the vessels of the heart.
Heart muscle is assisted by potassium and magnesium, reducing blood pressure and regulating the conductivity of nerve signals.These elements improve brain function and strengthen memory.In general, all useful substances in the hazelnut contribute to strengthening the body as a whole, provide an opportunity to withstand stressful stresses.
The latest scientific research has discovered paclitaxel in the hazelnut, which inhibits the development of cancerous tumors.The isolated substance is currently being studied in laboratories around the world with the goal of developing drugs for the treatment of cancer.But the fact that the use of this nut in food can serve as an excellent prevention of cancer is clear today.
Copper, which in a hazelnut is sufficient, plays an exceptional role in the synthesis of collagen.Therefore, the nucleus of the nut can help a woman maintain elasticity, and hence, youthfulness of the skin.For the condition of the skin, healing of all kinds of wounds and scratches is responsible for vitamin E, in addition, it is especially important for vision.Together with zinc, this vitamin protects the body from all kinds of infections.The optimal combination of vitamin E and protein is a natural stimulant for the development of muscle mass.
Important: content in the hazelnut of unsaturated acids, vitamins, in particular folic acid, and also iron and calcium has a huge impact on the nervous system and fetal bone tissue during pregnancy, normalize hemoglobin in the blood and strengthen the immunity of the expectant mother.After giving birth, eating nuts increases lactation.
For men, there is also much benefit from hazelnut: it helps in the treatment of prostate diseases.
Contraindications to use, harm hazelnut
Doctors and nutritionists recommend very careful use of nut kernels( and better and completely refrain), which are prone to allergies, excess weight, as well as pancreatic pathology and liver diseases.
Hazard hazelnut can bring only from the abuse of its amount, this can cause nausea, indigestion and even headaches.
Oil of hazelnut in cosmetology
From nuts receive excellent aromatic oil, which has a unique taste and medicinal, just magical properties. It is successfully used by experienced cosmetologists :
- for the treatment of couperose;
- wrinkle smoothing;
- as a remedy for drying and peeling of the skin of the face and body;
- for skin nutrition and restoration of water-lipid balance;
- for the treatment of acne;
- for tightening extended pores;
- from dark circles under the eyes;
- for strengthening hair and preventing hair loss.