Ginger: benefit and harm
Half of the world's ginger harvest is grown in India.This spice gives Indians joy for five thousand years - and maybe even longer, but earlier evidence has not reached us.
Golden roots conquered Europe, it was a real revolution in the field of spices.A key role in this was played by Phoenician merchants, who first used ginger in India as a bargaining chip, and then introduced to the precious spice the entire Mediterranean.
In Russia, ginger was appreciated for a long time.It was from him received the name of the famous Russian ginger biscuit - "gingerbread", that is spicy.With ginger our ancestors cooked honey sbiten, made kvass, later added it to the cakes.In the ancient Russian code of Domostroy rules there is a description of dessert made from watermelon crusts with ginger - this recipe is more than five centuries old.
The victorious return of the spicy root to Russian cuisine took place after the restructuring.Fans of Japanese sushi appreciated pickled ginger, hot tea with spicy fashionable to escape from cold, and how much ginger is rubbed, bitten and drunk, so that no gram of excess fat on the hips is gone!
So what are the useful properties of ginger, and how to use it correctly?
Nutritional information 100 g:
- Calories: 80 kcal
- Proteins: 1,82 g
- Fats: 0,75 gr
- Carbohydrates: 15,77 g
See the full list
- Dietary fiber: 2 g
- Ash: 0.77 g
- Water: 78.89 g
- Mono and disaccharides: 1.7 g
- Saturated fatty acids: 0.203 g
- Vitamin B1( thiamine): 0.025 mg
- Vitamin B2( riboflavin): 0.034 mg
- Vitamin B3( pantothenic): 0.203 mg
- Vitamin B6( pyridoxine): 0.16 mg
- Vitamin B9( folic): 11 μg
- Vitamin C: 5 mg
- Vitamin E( TE): 0.26 mg
- Vitamin K( phylloquinone): 0, 1 μg
- Vitamin PP( Niacin equivalent): 0.75 mg
- Choline: 28.8 mg
- Calcium: 16 mg
- Magnesium: 43 mg
- Sodium: 13 mg
- Potassium: 415 mg
- Phosphorus: 34 mg
- Iron: 0.6 mg
- Zinc: 0.34 mg
- Copper: 226 μg
- Manganese:0.229 mg
- Selenium: 0.7 μg
Ginger is famous for its tantalizing aroma and burning pungent taste.The original taste of ginger depends on a substance similar to phenols - gingerol, and the aroma - from a variety of essential oils.
The composition of ginger includes:
- Kamfen - has the smell of camphor, except ginger is found even in turpentine and lavender.
- Ineol( eucalyptol) - smells like camphor, has an expectorant and antiseptic effect.
- G-bisabolene-odor sweet, balsamic, woody, present also in bergamot, fir, anise, valuable aromatic substance.
- Borneol( terpene alcohol), camphor is obtained from it.
- Tsitral-compound with a strong smell of lemon, is also present in eucalyptus and lemon.Anti-inflammatory drug, lowers blood pressure.
- Linalool is a terpenoid with the odor of a lily of the valley, found in orange, mango and other plants.Calms the nervous system, it acts favorably on the vessels and heart.
All this - curative aromatic substances.
Benefits of ginger
Essential oils contained in the "horned root" have bactericidal properties and stimulate the endocrine system, including help to produce hormones of happiness - endorphin and serotonin.Their presence explains why ginger is useful, and why it is so highly valued.
has long been treated as a unique curative substance.Ginger is present in the recipes of Avicenna, Confucius mentioned it, in Japan and the Arab East it was appreciated as an aphrodisiac, and the ancient Greeks chewed the root after abundant libations in the bacchanalia in order to get rid of the hangover.In India, he was called the "medicine of the world".And we must admit - this is an unforgettable tasty medicine.
Ginger is used for the treatment of serious diseases:
- disorders of kidney function;
- of bronchial asthma;
- liver disease;
- when infected with parasites.
Using ginger during illness, it is useful to know what kind of action it has:
- laxative and carminative;
- is bactericidal;
- is antispasmodic;
In the 21st century, the useful properties of ginger, helping to combat stress, keep vivacity, youth and beauty have become especially in demand.
Featuring a high content of vitamin C and phytoncids, ginger tones up, regains strength, increases libido, strengthens immunity.It improves digestion, protects from intoxication during overeating, refreshes the skin and rejuvenates the body.
For women, it is especially important that ginger helps to combat infertility, treats spikes and neglected inflammations, and when pregnancy comes about, eliminates toxicosis.This is an effective tool for relieving menstrual pain and unpleasant sensations in menopause.
Men have evaluated its ability to enhance potency and prevent prostate diseases.
Damage to ginger
As with all potent drugs, the harm of ginger is manifested when it is used inappropriately and in cases where the opposite effect on the body is required.For example, warming ginger tea should not be drunk at high temperature, on hot days and with bleeding.There are contraindications to ginger for patients with gastritis and ulcers.
Important: may be harmful to ginger during pregnancy.It can cause allergies, increased blood pressure and bleeding, which is especially dangerous.Therefore, it is necessary to exercise moderation and always consult a doctor to exclude the slightest risks.Strictly forbidden, if previously a woman had miscarriages.
In case of toxicosis, if there are no contraindications, you can prepare a decoction from a piece of spine 2-3 cm long per liter of water and drink it during the day in small sips.
For muscular pain after intensive physical exertion, a bath of ginger helps: two to three tablespoons of powder boil in a liter of water for 10 minutes and add to the bath.
Ginger gives piquancy to desserts, drinks, pastries and hot dishes.This is a universal spice that fuels appetite.It is used fresh( by the way, the root remains fresh for a very long time), dried or in powder form.