Lack of magnesium in the body: symptoms and treatments
Jun 16, 2018
Magnesium is necessary for our body for normal life.The level of this microelement is a kind of indicator of human health, that is why its lack is paid special attention.According to statistics, magnesium deficiency is present in more than 80% of adult people, which is caused by persistent stress and other external negative factors.Lack of a microelement is also often detected in women during pregnancy and lactation, among professional athletes, and those who abuse alcohol.
In medicine, it is customary to distinguish between primary and secondary magnesium deficiency.In the first case, this condition is due to congenital pathologies, which is relatively infrequent.In most cases, secondary magnesium deficiency is diagnosed, arising from inaccuracies in nutrition, acquired diseases, adverse social conditions and other factors.Table of Contents: The role of magnesium in the body The main causes of magnesium deficiency Signs of a lack of magnesium How to make up for the lack of magnesium
The role of magnesium in the body
Magnesium is a microelement that directly participates in more than three hundred different biochemical reactions and physiological processes of the body inIn particular, it is involved in the regulation of blood pressure and immune function.Magnesium controls metabolic processes, regulates the functioning of the cardiovascular system, being a calcium antagonist, prevents the formation of stones in the urinary system, helps to remove toxins and toxins, strengthen bones and accelerate tissue regeneration.In addition, this microelement lowers the sensitivity of the human body to negative factors, contributing to the withdrawal of adrenaline, the active development of which occurs in stressful situations.
Normally, an adult human body should contain about 30 mg of magnesium, most of which is distributed in bone tissue and enamel of the teeth.The rest is in the cells of internal organs and blood plasma.With age, the magnesium level indicator should slightly increase.
The main causes of the lack of magnesium
There are quite a few factors contributing to the development of magnesium deficiency:
- errors in nutrition, when the diet is dominated by food saturated with proteins, fats and calcium, and fast food;
- coffee abuse;
- lack of regular physical activity and, conversely, heavy physical labor and constant overstrain;
- chronic stress;
- alcohol abuse;
- reception of medicinal preparations( steroids, cytostatics, hormonal contraceptives, antibiotics and some others);
- internal diseases of the body( dysbacteriosis, enterocolitis and other pathologies of the digestive system, accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, cardiac and vascular pathology, endocrine disorders, obesity, etc.);
- pregnancy and lactation;
- rehabilitation period after a severe illness.
One of the most common causes of magnesium deficiency is an overabundance of calcium.These two microelements are antagonists, so if we lack magnesium, it is only natural that at the same time the body suffers from an overabundance of calcium, which is found in many foods.Excess calcium contributes to the rapid consumption of magnesium in cells, and itself, at the same time, is not digested, but literally "cement" cells, causing the development of calcification.This condition is especially dangerous for the cardiovascular system, because the mortality from cardiac pathologies ranks first in the world.
Symptoms of magnesium deficiency
Magnesium deficiency affects the overall health of a person and adversely affects the activity of the systems and internal organs of the body.
It is possible to suspect magnesium deficiency for the following symptoms:
- muscle spasms, convulsions;
- high blood pressure;
- disorders from the central nervous system - increased anxiety, depressive conditions, sleep disorders, memory impairment and concentration of attention, unreasonable headaches and dizziness, a feeling of frustration and fatigue in the morning, irritability, nervous tics, parasthesia, etc.;
- hormonal failures in women( painful premenstrual syndrome) - scientists have proven that an increased level of progesterone and estrogens in the female body can be associated with a deficiency of magnesium;
- deterioration of the teeth, hair and nails;
- reaction of the body to the change in weather conditions, manifested in muscle and joint pain;
- pain in the heart, heart rhythm disturbances.
One of the most dangerous consequences of magnesium deficiency can be calcification of the arteries, which leads to serious pathological conditions on the part of the cardiovascular system, in particular, strokes and myocardial infarctions.
Diagnosis of magnesium deficiency can be done by conducting laboratory tests at a medical facility.
Note: exists and a simple test that everyone can do at home: you need to stand up straight, stretch and stretch all muscle groups.The lack of magnesium can indicate pain in the calf muscles.
How to make up for the lack of magnesium
If a person has a deficiency of magnesium, treatment should not be postponed, as the consequences may be most unfavorable.To replenish the shortage of this microelement, in fact, it is quite simple with the help of diet correction and dietary supplements.
The doctor can advise the reception of vitamin complexes and dietary supplements with magnesium content, and in the daily diet, you must include foods rich in this trace element:
- nuts( peanuts, cashews, pine nuts, almonds);
- seeds of pumpkin and sesame seeds;
- sprouted wheat germ;
- wheat bran;Rice and buckwheat groats
- dried fruits;
- vegetables( avocado, cabbage, spinach, greens, beets);
- chocolate and cocoa.
Specialists recommend daily drinking mineral water with magnesium content, limiting the consumption of coffee and strong tea, alcohol, salty foods and confectionery.In the diet should also include products containing vitamin B6( walnuts, fish, yeast, cereals, beef liver, etc.).This vitamin provides optimal assimilation of magnesium.
Physician's advice ! In the process of treating magnesium deficiency, you should not forget about the need to control the calcium level.Experts strongly do not recommend simultaneously taking vitamin complexes and supplements with the content of both micronutrients.
Along with observing the correct diet, it is necessary to minimize the impact of negative factors that cause magnesium deficiency, to avoid stress, physical overstrain, and abuse of alcohol.It is important to identify and treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in a timely manner and maintain a healthy image in general.
For more information on the benefits of magnesium and the symptoms of its deficiency in the body, you'll get by watching this video review:
Chumachenko Olga, medical reviewer