Causes of dry mouth
Jun 16, 2018
Dry mouth is a pathological condition, for which the term "xerostomia" is used in official medicine.It is due to the inadequate secretory function of the salivary glands.Xerostomia is not seen as a separate disease, but as a symptom of certain somatic or nervous disorders.
Dryness in the oral cavity can be accompanied by the appearance of an unpleasant odor associated with the multiplication of microorganisms and the insufficient washing ability of saliva against the background of its lack.Table of contents: Possible causes of dry mouth Symptoms of xerostomia Complications of xerostomia What measures can be taken with dry mouth?
Possible causes of dry mouth
The factors that cause xerostomia include:
- use of certain pharmacological agents;
- consumes a significant amount of coffee;
- alcohol intake;
- nerve stress( stress);
- low humidity of ambient air( a burning sensation or a burning sensation in the throat is parallel);
- non-compliance with drinking regimen( low fluid intake);
- hyperhidrosis( large loss of moisture through sweat glands);
- chronic rhinitis( accompanied by difficult nasal breathing);
- stomatitis( inflammation of the oral mucosa);
- Sjogren's syndrome( salivary and lacrimal glands can be affected);
- Hodgkin's lymphoma;
- diabetes mellitus;
- gastritis( in the stage of exacerbation);
- Parkinson's disease;
- HIV infection( AIDS);
- sialodenitis( inflammation of the salivary glands).
Some antiallergic drugs with a sedative effect are among the medicines that can trigger dry mouth.
These are the first generation antihistamines:
Xerostomia can induce antidepressants, for example - fluoxetine.Dry mouth also occurs when taking large doses of Ephedrine or Atropine.
Important: has a total of more than four hundred medicines capable of suppressing the activity of the salivary glands.Among them, diuretics, funds for hypertension, analgesics and anti-edema drugs.
Dysfunction of the salivary glands develops on the background of radiotherapy of the neck and head region, i.e., irradiation during the treatment of malignant tumors.
Chemotherapy( in particular - cytostatics), prescribed for cancer, provoke an increase in the viscosity of saliva, which also causes a feeling of dryness in the mouth.
The secretory activity of the salivary glands is adversely affected by hormonal restructuring, which is characteristic of menopause in women.
Typical symptoms of xerostomia
Symptoms of salivation are indicated by the following symptoms:
- a feeling of viscosity in the mouth;
- dryness and burning sensation of the tongue;
- a sore throat;
- problems with swallowing;
- appearance of cracks and sores on the lips;
- inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cheeks, gums and palate;
- change in taste( including the appearance of metallic taste);
- bad breath;
- change articulation( pronunciation of sounds).
Complications of xerostomia
A lack of saliva leads to digestion problems. It is known that the cleavage of carbohydrates begins in the mouth.Saliva is responsible for washing the teeth and delivering the necessary minerals to their hard tissues.The lack of this unique biological fluid leads to a violation of the microbiocenosis of the oral cavity, which is fraught with infectious and inflammatory diseases.
What measures can be taken with dry mouth?
To get rid of xerostomia, you need to treat the underlying disease, rather than fight with its symptom. In particular, with sialodenite, anti-inflammatory therapy allows for a short time to normalize the functional activity of the salivary glands.
Please note: treats sialodenitis and stomatitis by dentists.It is recommended to specialists of this profile to turn when the xerostomia developed for no apparent reason.
Coffee and alcohol are important to consume in moderate amounts .Both caffeine and ethanol have a pronounced diuretic effect, leading to dehydration of the body.
If dry mouth is associated with taking medication, it is important to consult your doctor.Perhaps, the question will be raised about replacing the drug or interrupting the course of treatment( if xerostomia caused pathologies of the oral mucosa).
It is advisable to install humidifiers in the room.
In hot weather and with excessive sweating, it is desirable to increase the amount of water consumed from one and a half to two or three liters per day.During walking on long distances it is advisable to drink water with a small amount of table salt - this will reduce the natural loss of fluid by the body.
Folk medicine recommends taking an althea root infusion when dry. 2 tbsp.L.Dried vegetable substrate should be insisted in 250 ml of boiled water for 40-50 minutes.The received product is recommended to drink 1 tbsp.L.From 3 to 5 times a day.Duration of treatment is 6 weeks.If Sjogren's syndrome is diagnosed, it is necessary to undergo 2-month courses of therapy three times a year, with interruptions also in 2 months.
To stimulate the production of saliva, it is advisable to stimulate the nerve endings of the oral cavity with a simple exercise.Slightly opening his mouth, you need to stick out and hide the language, and then move them in different directions, closing their front teeth.Repeat the movements 10-12 times.
Important: has developed special rinse aid for moistening the mouth.They can advise you a dentist.Most of these fluids include antibacterial components.
It is preferable to consume drinks without sugar or with a minimum of its content.From soda with artificial sweeteners and dyes it is better to refuse altogether.
Salivation will help stimulate lollipops( especially - with a sour taste) and chewing gum without sugar.
With xerostomia, it is advisable to refrain from sharp and salty foods, as well as solid foods, as they can cause pain in the oral cavity.
Plisov Vladimir, medical reviewer