Effective cures for worms
Jun 16, 2018
Helminthiases - diseases that occur during parasitism in the body of helminths.More than 250 species of helminths are dangerous for humans and can cause the development of the disease.Helminthiases are not rare diseases.So, according to the statement of WHO parasitic diseases affect about 4.5 billion people around the world.Table of contents: Means used for roundworms in humans Means used for tapeworms in humans Means used in the presence of flukes in humans
Groups of drugs for worms
Helminthiasis in man is able to cause roundworms( nematodes)And flat: tape( cestodes) and flukes( trematodes).Classification of anthelmintic drugs is based on the cause of the disease - a particular pathogen. There are such groups of anthelmintics:
- Means used for nematodes;
- Means used in cestodoses;
- Means used for trematodes.
Means used in roundworms in humans
Round worms are mainly localized in the intestine.Nematodes include parasitic diseases such as ascaridosis, enterobiosis, trichinosis, trichocephalosis, strongyloidiasis, ankylostomiasis.In the treatment of helminthiases of this group, in most cases, preference is given to mebendazole.
This preparation is also known under the trade names Vermox, Antiox, Mebenzol.The drug has a wide spectrum of antihelminthic effect, therefore it is used for many parasitic diseases, in particular, for nematodes.It operates on eggs, larvae, and also adults.It is especially effective to use Mebendazole in the treatment of mixed invasions, when the body is affected by several species of helminths.In large doses, the drug is sometimes used in the therapy of extraintestinal helminthiases.
The mechanism of action is a violation of the energy metabolism of the parasite, namely the suppression of glucose metabolism.As you know, this substance is the main source of energy.Therefore, with its lack, the development of energy is reduced and the helminth simply can not support its own vital activity.
With the use of Mebendazole, there may be side effects: abdominal pain, diarrhea, skin rash and even hives.
The drug is contraindicated in pregnant, lactating women, and children up to two years of age.
Also available under the trade name Nemozol.By its structure and mechanism of action, the drug is similar to Mebendazole, but is more effective in strongyloidiasis.It also works on cestodes( echinococcosis, cysticercosis).Albendazole is also used in the treatment of mixed invasions.
In case of long-term use( up to three days) side effects are rare and usually they are insignificant.Possible side effects include nausea, flatulence, diarrhea, headache, dizziness.With prolonged use, the drug can exert toxic effects on the liver, the hematopoiesis system, lead to the appearance of vomiting and skin rashes.
It is also known under the trade name of Decaris.The drug disrupts energetic processes in helminths, as well as neuromuscular transmission, these factors lead to paralysis of the muscles and immobilization of the parasite.The drug is especially effective in ascariasis, ankylostomidosis, strongyloidiasis.
In the treatment with levamisole, typical side effects may occur in the form of nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, abdominal pain.However, Levamisol has another very serious side effect: it is able to depress the hematopoiesis system and leads to agranulocytosis.Therefore, before starting treatment, the patient should be given a clinical blood test, and then repeat it every three weeks.
Note: is contraindicated in the use of Levamisol in combination with alcohol.Alcoholic beverages can not be consumed for a day and after applying the medication.
Also known as Combantrin, Helmintox.The mechanism of action of the drug is based on impaired transmission of the neuromuscular impulse, which leads to paralysis of the musculature of the helminth.Pirantel is especially effective in enterobiosis, ascariasis and angiostomidosis.
The drug is usually well tolerated, and side effects rarely occur.Among the possible side effects are loss of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, headache, drowsiness, dizziness, skin rash.Contraindicated in pregnancy.
The use of medication leads to paralysis of the parasite musculature.When treating Naftamone, special dietary requirements should be observed: to limit the acute, salty, fatty foods, as well as dairy products.The drug is used once on an empty stomach.
Patients may experience side effects: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.Naftamone is contraindicated in diseases of the kidneys.
Synonyms for piperazine are adipalite, adiprazine, Nometan, piperascate.The mechanism of action is to block the neuromuscular transmission and as a consequence of paralysis of the helminth.Piperazin is generally prescribed for enterobiosis and ascaridosis.
Medication is a low-toxic drug, well tolerated by patients.The use of piperazine only in rare cases can lead to diarrhea, nausea, muscle weakness, dizziness.The drug is contraindicated in renal and hepatic insufficiency, as well as in diseases of the central nervous system.Is the drug of choice during pregnancy.
It is also known as Vankvin, Avermol, Gelvin, Pamovin.Affects the helminth by suppressing energy metabolism( reducing glucose utilization).The most effective is with enterobiasis.
Side effects Pervinia typical: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache.When treated with Pirvinem, the feces turn red.The drug should not be taken to people with hepatic or renal insufficiency.
Remedies for tapeworms in humans
Cestodias are parasitic diseases caused by banded worms.To this group of diseases carry дифиллоботриоз, тенениринхоз, тенениз, гименолепидоз.Tape worms are localized in the small intestine.To the extra-intestinal cestodes, echinococcosis is referred to when the liver, lungs and other internal organs are affected.With echinococcosis appoint Mebendazole.
Also known as niclosamide.Influences all kinds of cestodes.The mechanism of action of the drug is multicomponent.Fenasal depresses energy processes, neuromuscular transmission, and also destroys the integumentary tissue of the parasite.The drug is administered on an empty stomach, once.A diet is required, preferably easily digestible food.
Side effects can be expressed as nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain.Fenasalum is not prescribed in the case of shade, since the action of the medication can lead to the occurrence of cysticercosis( helminthiasis caused by the larval stage of the bovine tapeworm - cysticerci).
Synonym of the drug is biltricid.It is a drug with a wide spectrum of action.It is active against cestodes, trematodes, and also cysticles.The dose of the drug depends on the type of helminth.So, with cestodoza Praziquantel is usually used once, and with cysticarcoses up to a month.
The mechanism of action is based on the violation of neuromuscular transmission.Possible side effects in the form of nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, but often the drug is tolerated by patients well.In the treatment of extracellular invasions, itching can occur, urticaria, fever.
Means used in the presence of flukes in humans
Trematodoses are caused by parasitic flukes.To this group of diseases carry opisthorchiasis, fascioliasis.With regard to trematodes, Praziquantel is highly effective.Also in the treatment use Chloksil.
The mechanism of action of the drug is based on its ability to cause paralysis of the musculature of the helminth.The use of the drug requires compliance with the diet: the elimination of fatty, spicy foods, as well as alcohol.Treatment with Chloksil is carried out with a two- or five-day course.The daily dose of the medication is divided into three parts and taken with milk after twenty minutes after breakfast, then lunch and dinner.Laxatives do not take.And two or three days after the end, the patient is prescribed cholagogue and spasmolytic medicines.Once per week for two months, duodenal sounding is performed to identify the remaining helminth eggs.If necessary, a second course of treatment is carried out four to six months later.
Among the possible side effects are pain in the right hypochondrium, enlargement of the liver, arrhythmia, pain in the heart, itching, hives.Chloksil is contraindicated in the pathology of the liver, myocardium, pregnancy.Recommended to read:
Modern anthelmintic agents can effectively cope with helminthiases.But for proper treatment, first of all, it is necessary to identify the pathogen, as well as to identify contraindications, if any.Properly choose the drug is only for the doctor.Remember that self-medication can lead not to cure, but to harm the body.
Grigorova Valeria, medical reviewer