How to get rid of a hangover: what helps and what tablets can I take?
A hangover is an uncomfortable condition that develops a few hours after consuming alcohol-containing drinks, accompanied by unpleasant psychological and physiological symptoms.As a rule, people with hangover syndrome face the next morning after drinking alcohol the night before.Table of contents: Causes of hangover syndrome Hangover or abstinence?Symptoms of a hangover How to get rid of a hangover
Causes of a hangover
A hangover is, in fact, a consequence of alcohol poisoning.Hangover syndrome is a complex of disorders of the whole body .First of all, the products of alcohol transformation and other substances contained in alcoholic beverages( fusel and essential oils, dyes, sugar) have a pathological effect on the body.It is known that dark strong drinks, such as whiskey, cause a heavier hangover than the use of vodka.The same applies to alcoholic cocktails.The use of sweet cocktails also causes a more pronounced hangover in comparison with the same vodka.
In addition, drinking alcohol causes increased work of kidney filters, which leads to the removal of fluid from the body and the development of dehydration
Alcohol processing products are mainly acidic, their accumulation leads to a change in the ph-balance to the acid side.These changes cause a reaction such as nausea.A certain role in the development of hangover syndrome is a metabolic disorder. It is known that in the fight against alcohol poisoning the body will consume the available reserves of minerals and vitamins.Hangover or abstinence?
Sometimes a hangover is called an abstinence syndrome, however, it is not.A hangover can happen to any person.While the abstinence syndrome is a special reaction of the body to stopping the intake of alcohol. Abstinence syndrome occurs only in people with developed alcoholism.
The hangover develops a few hours after consuming alcohol-containing beverages.While the abstinence syndrome develops one to two days after the cessation of alcohol use. And development of abstinence is preceded by a long, continuous use of alcohol.Unpleasant hangover symptoms torment a person for several hours, maximum throughout the day.The symptoms of the withdrawal syndrome plague a person for several days, the condition is agonizing, accompanied by a strong desire for alcohol.Abstinence syndrome can be transformed into a metal psychosis.
The morning after a hangover, a person becomes sick from the mere thought of alcohol.With abstinence syndrome, the patient on the contrary side-ups the unpleasant symptoms by taking a dose of alcohol, from which the somatic state and mood improve.
Alcohol is extremely sensitive to the effects of alcohol.That is why typical hangover manifestations are a feeling of frustration, lethargy, a depressed mood.Especially characteristic is the emergence of a painful sense of guilt, longing, as if on the eve of doing something unacceptable, shameful.
In such a state of productive efficiency can not be mentioned.Human attention is dissipated, it becomes unassembled , new information is remembered with difficulty, thinking processes slow down.And then there is a strong sense of weakness.External factors such as bright light, loud sounds further exacerbate physical and mental discomfort.
Any physical activity, whether it's trying to do something about the house or just get out of bed, is accompanied by a feeling of faintness, dizziness, palpitations, attacks of nausea.In general, vegetative symptoms with hangover syndrome disturb a person even at rest. These are such unpleasant phenomena as:
- Nausea, vomiting;
- Diarrhea / constipation;
- Lack of appetite;
- Dry mouth, severe thirst;
- Hand tremors;
- Feeling of tension, "inner tremor" in the body;
- Increased heart rate, arrhythmia;
- Increased blood pressure( less decrease).
How to get rid of a hangover
The main task is to remove the remaining alcohol from the body.First of all, you need to drink a lot of water for this. It is advisable to drink mineral water such as "Borjomi", "Essentuki", which restores the acid-base and mineral balance in the body of .Actually, this same effect and explains the fact that many people with a hangover helps to come back to normal drink a glass of brine.
For the removal of toxic products, enterosorbents can also be taken from the body: activated carbon, Enterosgel or combination preparations from a hangover.When expressed hangover syndrome resorted to detoxification by intravenous infusion solutions.
To stop a headache, you can take an analgesic, for example, Analgin.It is necessary to refrain from using Paracetamol, because this drug in combination with alcohol has an aggressive effect on the liver.
Anxiety, anxiety can be eliminated with the help of light sedatives: valerian, motherwort tincture, mint tea, novopassite, glycine .To resort to tranquilizers is not the best solution, more about this in the article "Tranquilizers and alcohol - can it be combined?".
When you feel better, you need to eat, despite the lack of appetite.As a rule, broths and soups are well tolerated.Come to life and cheer help the shower and the most ordinary walks on the street.In general, the prognosis for a hangover is favorable, because all disturbing symptoms disappear within a day.
Grigorova Valeria, medical reviewer