Cabbage: benefit and harm
Cabbage is a white cabbage - one of the most popular crops grown on the territory of Russia and the countries of the former CIS.For a full-fledged growth and development of the plant, large areas of land and a moderate climate are required.
The ancient homeland of cabbage is considered to be Ancient Iberia.Subsequently, from the Iberian peninsula, this vegetable spread to Egypt, the Roman Empire and Greece.In Russia, the first mention of cabbage can be traced in the "Izbornik Svyatoslav" 1076 edition.
Grow vegetables with seeds and seedlings.The seedlings are planted at the end of June, when the air warms up to + 15 ° C.Harvest is collected in late autumn, with mature cabbages often left in the ground until the first colds.It is believed that in this way the vegetable is saturated with vitamins, minerals and moisture.
chemical composition and nutritional value of cabbage
Nutritional value of 100 g:
- Caloric content: 28 kcal Protein
- : 1.8 c
- Fats 0.1 g Carbohydrates
- : 4.7 c
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- Dietary fiber: 2 g
- Organic acids: 0.3 g
- Water: 90.4 c
- Mono- and disaccharides: 4.6 c
- Starch: 0.1 g
- Ash: 0,7 gr
- Vitamin PP: 0,7 mg
- Beta-carotene: 0.02 mg
- VitaminsA( OM) 3
- mcg Vitamin B1( thiamine): 0.03 mg
- Vitamin B2( riboflavin) 0.04 mg
- Vitamin B5( pantothenic): 0.2 mg
- Vitamin B6( pyridoxine): 0.1 mg
- Vitamin B9( folic): 10. mu.g
- Vitamin C: 45 mg
- Vitamin E( FE): 0.1 mg
- Vitamin H( biotin): 0.1 mcg Vitamin K
- (phylloquinone): 76. mu.g
- Vitamin PP( niacin equivalent): 0.9 mg Choline
- : 10.7 mg
- Iron: 0.6 mg
- Zinc: 0.4Mg
- Iodine: 3 μg
- Copper: 75 μg
- Manganese: 0.17 mg
- Selenium 0.3 mcg Chromium
- 5 ug
- 10 mcg Molybdenum 10 mcg
- Boron: 200 ug
- Cobalt: 3 ug
- Aluminum: 570 ug
- Nickel: 15 ug
- Calcium 48 mg
- Magnesium 16 mg
- Sodium: 13 mg
- Potassium 300 mg
- Phosphorus 31 mg
- Chloro: 37mg
- Sulfur: 37 mg
The table of vitamins and minerals in cabbage can be represented as follows:
- Vitamins - A, C, E, PP, group B, H, K, beta-carotene;
- Macroelements - calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium, fluorine, phosphorus;
- Microelements - iron, zinc, iodine, manganese, cobalt, nickel, boron.
Benefits of cabbage
The uniqueness of cabbage is its saturated with vitamins composition.These substances are able to maintain immunity at a high level for a long time.Ascorbic acid in the natural form of ascorbicum interferes with the formation and development of malignant tumors.This substance is resistant to heat treatment and retains its effectiveness even in sauerkraut.
The leaves of young cabbage are rich in folic acid, which is considered a "female" hormone.It normalizes metabolic processes, and also favorably affects the functioning of the thyroid gland and reproductive organs.
Tartonic acid improves metabolism, and in combination with choline interferes with the formation of cholesterol and its accumulation on the walls of blood vessels.
Fresh cabbage juice has a neutral indicator of acid-base balance, therefore it is recommended by dietitians to all people with low acidity of gastric juice.
Glucose and fructose in cabbage are more than in citrus, apples and carrots.These two components are an excellent natural source of energy for the human body.
Dietary fibers have a positive effect on the intestines, strengthen its muscles, and also contribute to its purification from putrefactive clusters.
Sauerkraut contains a huge number of fermented bacteria that normalize the intestinal microflora, and prevent the development of dysbacteriosis.
For pancreatic diseases, doctors do not recommend overeating cabbage.It is too "heavy" food, with which the stomach becomes difficult to cope with.
Also excessive eating of cabbage dishes can lead to bloating and increased gas production in the intestines.
Important! Similar symptoms can be transmitted to a newborn baby, along with mother's milk, if she abuses this vegetable.
Cabbage application in home cosmetology and medicine
In home cosmetology, leaves and cabbage juice are used.In folk medicine, there are also many recipes based on this vegetable.
Whitening and softening face mask from cabbage
2-3 sheets of fresh cabbage finely chopped, pour 10 ml of milk and cook over low heat until completely softened.After that, cool the mass and thoroughly crush it until a uniform product is obtained.Apply a mask before going to bed.The procedure time is 15 minutes.
Strengthening hair lotion from cabbage
For the preparation of lotion will be required in equal proportions: fresh juice of cabbage, spinach juice and lemon juice.The liquid must be rubbed daily into the roots of the hair before going to bed for 7 days.This procedure will normalize the lipid balance of the scalp and strengthen the hair follicles.
French prescription for beautiful and well-groomed hands
For the care of sensitive skin of the hands, Parisians use ordinary juice from sauerkraut.To do this, the juice is drained into a bowl, warmed up a little and lowered the palms for 10 minutes.After the procedure, it is recommended to apply a fatty nourishing cream.
Juice of cabbage with prolonged bronchitis
With prolonged bronchitis, it is recommended to use folk remedies for secular( expectorant) action.Cabbage juice is one of the simplest and most effective products in this case.To improve the taste, it is recommended to add 1 tsp honey per 100 grams of liquid to the juice of cabbage.
Cabbage for mastitis
For mastitis accompanied by pain and chest tightening, it is recommended to apply cabbage leaves to the mammary glands.To do this, they need to be washed and scalded with steep boiling water.