Red Rowanberry: Benefit and Harm
Everyone knows ordinary ashberry - a tree 5-15 m high, more like a giant bush that has a smooth gray bark and peculiar leaves.In the beginning of the summer, the mountain ash grows its small white flowers, and in the autumn it fruits round orange-red berries.These bitter berries, growing clusters, are used for the preparation of jam, confectionery, alcoholic beverages, as well as in the recipes of traditional medicine.In our country mountain ash is very common, as it is very unpretentious, does not require care and grows everywhere.
Composition and caloric content
More than 81% of the red beret's berry consists of water, so this product is very low-calorie - for 100 g of berries there is only 43 kcal of .There is practically no fat in the mountain ash, there are also few proteins.Most of all in the bitter berries of carbohydrates - almost 12 g per 100 g of product.
Although the energy value of mountain ash is insignificant, it contains a large number of useful substances, among which:
- vitamin A, cryptoxanthin and other carotenoids, which give the berries an orange color - these substances in the mountain ash are larger than in some varietiesCarrots;
- vitamins of group B - B1, B2, nicotinic acid, folic acid;
- vitamin C;
- tocopherol and other antioxidants;
- flavonols( vegetable alcohols);
- apple, grape, tartaric, citric and other organic acids;
- mono- and polysaccharides;
- free amino acids;
Berries also contain macronutrients( most are magnesium and potassium) and trace elements( iron, manganese, a small amount of copper).
A large number of biologically active substances cause a wide range of therapeutic actions of berries of red mountain ash. First and foremost, these are various phytoncides - natural plant antibiotics that help fight infection of the body with fungi, salmonella and staphylococci .This property is most active with sorbic acid, which also becomes the basis for the substance giving the mountain ash its bitter taste.
Thanks to the rich content of vitamins, mountain ash helps fight avitaminosis, colds, scurvy .For this, tea is made from the dried fruits of the plant.It is best to use mountain ash with other berries, rich in vitamins, especially ascorbic acid - sea-buckthorn, currant, dog rose.
Another vitamin - nicotinic acid - strengthens the nervous system and helps to combat the symptoms of a nervous breakdown - insomnia, irritability, weakness, reduced performance and increased fatigue.
Vitamins of group B improve the digestive system, do not allow food to rot and wander in the intestines, accelerate the excretion of the products of vital functions of the cells of the body and the microflora inhabiting the digestive tract.
When ingested berries rowan also have the following effects on the body :
- is a diuretic;
- is a laxative.
Regular use of rowan juice has a positive effect on metabolism, blood pressure, blood vessels. It is especially useful for the heart and blood vessels - it improves blood composition, reduces the risk of atherosclerosis, strengthens the walls of peripheral vessels, stabilizes the heart rhythm.It has been experimentally proved that the essential oils contained in the mountain ash improve blood coagulation, which is useful for internal bleeding.
Rowberry juice can be used externally - it has many different effects, useful for healing wounds and in cosmetology :
- is bactericidal;
- antioxidant - it is also useful in the risk of cancer development;
- wound healing.
All these properties of mountain ash have conditioned its use in folk recipes of Eastern European countries, Norway, and Russia.
Harm and contraindications
The high content of aggressive acids and antibacterial compounds can not but affect health negatively when excessive consumption of red berries berries. The following side effects may occur:
- indigestion, diarrhea - due to a large amount of pectin;
- abnormal increase in blood pressure, ischemia and other cardiovascular disorders;
- increased symptoms of inflammation of the oral cavity - in particular it is noticeable with gingivitis and stomatitis.
Important!In particular, rowan is contraindicated for individual intolerance, increased blood clotting and various stomach diseases( gastritis, peptic ulcer, acid reflux) - the juice of berries causes an increase in the acidity of the gastric juice, which can lead to an aggravation of these diseases.
Advice and recommendations
Rowan often grows along roads, in courtyards of houses, on wastelands - almost everywhere in the cities of the European part of Russia.Because of this, it is easy to assemble independently.However, not any harvested berries can be used for medicinal purposes.
When collecting fruit, it is necessary to consider:
- Appearance of berries.They should have a dry shiny surface, even bright color and large size.
- Density of the pulp.Rigid berries are immature, good fruits are soft to the touch.
- Time of the year.Rowan begins to bear fruit in early spring, but the collection should be postponed until the first frosts - then the berries will be much tastier and more useful.
If the ash is grown on its own plot, you should pay attention to its grade, so as not to get a useless ornamental tree. The rowan of the following breeds possess medicinal properties: Amur, Tien-Shan, Dichromatic, Kashmir and Ordinary.