Black tea is one of the most popular all over the world natural drinks.The raw material for its production is the leaves of a tea bush.Grow it in regions with a tropical and subtropical climate.
China is considered the birthplace of black tea, but today this plant is cultivated on plantations at the foot of mountains in India, Africa, Georgia and even the Krasnodar Territory.
Externally the tea bush is a dense plantation with high straight branches, on which tea leaves grow.By nature, he is a long-liver.Some tea bushes survive several generations of collectors.
A tea bush can grow on dry stony soils, slightly covered with a layer of earth.He takes out almost all the weather conditions - from tropical heat to frost -20.An important condition for the profitable cultivation of plants is the increased humidity of the air and the abundant moistening of the earth in the form of natural precipitation.
Chemical composition of the tea leaf
Nutritional information 100 g:
- Caloric value: 151.8 kcal
- Proteins: 20 g
- Fat: 5,1 gr
- Carbohydrates: 6,9 g
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- FOOD FIBERS: 4,5 g
- Organic acids: 1.2 g
- Water: 8.5 g
- Mono and disaccharides: 4 g
- Ash: 5,5 g
- Calcium: 495 mg
- Magnesium: 440 mg
- Sodium: 82 mg
- Potassium: 2480 mg
- Phosphorus: 824 mg
- Vitamin A: 0.05 mg
- Vitamin PP: 8 mg
- Vitamin A( RE): 50 μg
- Vitamin B1( thiamine): 0.07 mg
- Vitamin B2( riboflavin): 1 mg
- Vitamin C: 10 mg
- Vitamin PP( Niacin equivalent): 11.32 mg
- Iron: 82 mg
It is worth noting, That depending on the type of tea, as well as the time of its maturation, the composition may vary.So, in the summer and autumn varieties the variety of vitamins is wider and the dosage is more.
The benefits of black tea
The uniqueness of the drink from the leaves of black tea is that it can simultaneously soothe, relax the human body, while simultaneously increasing the tone and providing an invigorating effect.In addition, it regulates oxidative processes in the digestive system.
Daily use of strong tea drink stimulates mental activity, improves brain function, and also removes drowsiness.
The caffeine content in black tea is 50% less than in a drink made from natural coffee, but the vivacity of tea lasts longer.Tannin is a kind of caffeine, it strengthens the heart system.After drinking tea, a slight narrowing of the vessels is observed.The blood pressure is slightly increased.But doctors say that this only improves the performance of the entire vascular system and reduces the risk of blood clots.
Catechins are substances that prolong the youth of tissues and organs.They favorably affect the skin color, normalizing metabolic processes at the cellular level.
Black tea is recommended for people who want to lose weight.This drink helps to burn excess fats, only to consume it is necessary without sugar and cream.
Tea has another useful property - strengthening immunity.The drink increases the natural production of insulin, which is involved in the production of another hormone - serotonin.And, as you know, serotonin is a hormone of happiness and positive emotions.
Harm of black tea
Excessive consumption of a drink from tea leaves leads to an overabundance in the body of an element such as fluoride.It has a destructive effect on bone tissue, weakens the thyroid gland and can disrupt the work of the kidneys.
It's important to know! You can not drink tea from tea leaves, which is cooked more than 12 hours ago.
With caution, tea should be consumed by people with the following diseases:
- stomach ulcer;
- disorders of the nervous system.
Black tea is quite actively used in cosmetology.For example, ordinary ice cubes from tea can refresh the skin for a long time.To do this, you just wipe them face every day, preferably in the morning.Useful for welding and for eyelids.Wet tampons soaked in freshly-made tea are applied to the eyes for several minutes.This procedure removes swelling and removes black circles.
Preparation is simple: the equal proportions of brewing and lemon juice are mixed together.Daily lotion is applied, stored in the refrigerator.
Important! When sensitive skin instead of lemon juice is used mineral water and quite a bit of sugar.
To prepare this product, you need to take fresh tea leaves, honey and oat flakes in equal proportions.Mix all the ingredients and apply to the skin in a thin layer, hold for 10-15 minutes, then rinse with warm water.Of course, there will not be an instantaneous effect from this procedure, however, if the mask is used regularly, the face acquires a natural and healthy color, the puffiness disappears, and even small wrinkles become less noticeable.