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Diet with oxalate stones

Diet stones

Oxalate kidney stones deliver a lot of unpleasant things to a person, but his well-being improves significantly when a special diet is observed.It assumes a full balanced menu.For the most part, it includes products that help normalize kidney function and alleviate the condition of the patient.

Table of contents: What causes the disease Diet with oxalate stones: general rules Diet No. 5 and its principles Permitted products with oxalate stones

What causes

disease Heredity and sedentary lifestyle are not the main reasons leading to the formation of stones.A huge role in the progression of the disease is played by nutrition, especially the absence in the daily diet of certain foods that enrich the patient's body with the necessary vitamins and microelements.

Stones Important! Oxalates are special crystals, or salts of oxalic acid, which precipitate in the kidneys and are characterized by a brown color and sharp edges.The disease, in which they are formed in the body, in the circle of physicians is called oxaluria.The process of its treatment is long and complex, as the stones themselves have an increased density and poorly dissolve.Therefore, the essence of therapy is reduced to preventing the appearance of new stones and the normalization of a person's condition.

The excess in the food of oxalic acid worsens the course of the disease.

Along with this, a number of elements may be deficient in causing pathology, among them:

  • calcium.Previously, it was thought that there was a surplus of calcium, but later it was found that the deficit was directly related to the process of formation of oxalate stones.That is why the basis of a diet with oxalate stones is products with a high content of this trace element;
  • vitamin C. In large quantities, together with oxalic acid, it aggravates the situation and delays recovery;
  • vitamin B6.Its deficiency can also provoke the appearance of crystals in the kidneys;
  • vitamin A. Lack of this substance in the body can cause further development of the disease.

In order to completely get rid of oxalate stones, it's not enough just to adhere to a special diet that takes into account the above-described factors. It is also necessary to exclude the presence of inflammatory processes in the intestine, chronic diseases that cause an increase in oxalates in the urine, for example, diabetes, pyelonephritis, Crohn's disease. They interfere with the timely removal of salts from the kidneys and, thus, provide the formation of stones.

Diet for oxalate stones: general rules

To facilitate the patient's health, doctors recommend that he limit the amount of salt, fat, cholesterol and carbohydrates in the diet.

A number of simple recommendations help to increase the effectiveness of the diet, namely:

  1. Dieta-pri-oksalatnyh-kamnjah You need to eat 5 times a day at regular intervals in small portions, as overeating leads to a metabolic disorder and complicates the treatment.
  2. It's better to refuse cold and too hot dishes.
  3. Salty, spicy, sour and smoked from the ration should be removed
  4. Alcoholic beverages must be completely ruled out.
  5. For maximum effect, it is worth switching once a week completely to a vegetarian menu.
  6. If there is no renal failure, drink and drink up to 2.5 liters of mineral water per day.It removes salt from the body with urine, thereby preventing the concentration of the latter and the formation of large and dense stones.Drink water better until 6 pm to avoid the formation of edema.
  7. The daily amount of calories for a person with oxalate stones in the kidney should be about 3000 kcal.

Please note! Traditionally, for the treatment of urolithiasis, doctors prescribe a table number 5 for patients.This is a medical diet, however, without prior consultation with a doctor, follow its recommendations not worth it.Of great importance are the individual characteristics of the organism, as well as the size and composition of the stones.

The diet should be followed not only during the detection of oxalate stones, but also after their removal to prevent re-education.

Diet # 5 and its principles

This nutrition system was developed by nutritionist Mikhail Pevzner in the Soviet era, but thanks to its effectiveness has been successfully used so far. According to her, the patient should give up alcohol, fatty and smoked dishes, baking and baking, carbonated drinks, herbs, spices, spices.All these products affect the chemical composition of urine and complicate treatment.

Important! Treatment table number 5 involves limiting salt intake to 10 grams per day.

Special place in the patient's diet is given to:

  • Dieta pri oksalatah first courses - mainly vegetable soups;
  • meat dishes - preference is given to non-fatty species;
  • fish;
  • dairy products, cereals - they should be eaten moderately;
  • hard bread;
  • eggs - just one a day;
  • fruit and fruit juices.

The diet is aimed at alkalinizing urine and purifying the body.

Authorized products for oxalate stones

Nutrition with oxalate stones provides for the mandatory entry into the body of all the vitamins and microelements necessary for it.

The table below shows the permitted products for the # 5 diet.

Product groups

Vegetables

Fruits and berries, dried fruits

Cereal, pasta and bakery products

Low-fat dairy products

Directly products that are allowed with oxalate stones

All types of cabbage, eggplant, pumpkin, zucchini, cucumber, potatoes, carrots, turnips in raw form.If desired, you can eat eggplant and squash.

Apricots, peaches, bananas, pears, melons, watermelons, raspberries, black currants, sea buckthorn, quince, dried apricots, cherry, dogwood, mountain ash.

Any macaroni from a flour of firm grades.Bread from second-grade flour, but it's better to give preference to gray and rye, yesterday's.Cereals: oatmeal, buckwheat, millet, pearl barley and soups from them.

Kefir, sour cream in moderation, cottage cheese, sour-milk drinks, fresh yogurt.

Important! During the exacerbation period, they should be excluded from the diet.

Dieta pri oksalatah Please note! During cooking, the food can be seasoned with a small amount of vegetable or butter, but you can eat the latter in a moderate amount( not more than 60 g per day).Do not forget that there are more oxalates in the boiled foods.

To normalize the work of the kidneys it is also useful to regularly drink pumpkin juice, cucumber.Moreover, the latter contains silicon, which improves the chemical composition of urine.From drinks on the diet number 5 is allowed a weak tea, coffee with milk, it is better than artificial, birch juice, juice from dried fruits, compotes, fruit drinks.Low-fat meat and fish can be consumed in minimum quantities( up to 150 grams per day).Zeta No. 5 also allows sugar, honey( up to 25 grams per day), salt( up to 2 grams), nuts( peanuts should be consumed cautiously).

Most of these products contribute to the excretion of oxalic acid from the body, therefore it is allowed by doctors.

Products allowed with oxalate stones in moderate amounts

Because certain fruits and berries are characterized by the presence of oxalic acid salts in their composition, they are necessary in small amounts.

For such products, diet number 5 includes:

  • Dieta pri oksalatah apples;
  • grapes;
  • plums;
  • blackberry;
  • red currant;
  • oranges;
  • figs;
  • kiwi fruit;
  • gooseberry.

Important! In unripe fruit contains glyoxylic acid, which contributes to the formation of oxalates, so they are strictly forbidden to use them.

What can not be eaten with oxalate stones

These include those that contain oxalic acid in their composition or contribute to its synthesis in the body.

The list of prohibited foods with oxalate stones included:

  • sorrel, lettuce, spinach, nettle, parsley and other greens;
  • beans;
  • radish;
  • raw beet;
  • asparagus;
  • tomatoes of acid varieties;
  • all sour berries, including strawberries, cranberries;
  • Bulgarian pepper;
  • citrus fruits.

Among the individual banned products that promote the synthesis of oxalic acid in the body and the formation of oxalate stones:

  • jelly;
  • jujube, jelly candy, jelly;
  • cold;
  • strong meat broth;Processed and salted cheese
  • ;
  • mustard;
  • horseradish.

In addition, it is worth noting sausage, baked pastry, ice cream, chocolate sweets, since they lead to the formation of oxalates.

Sample menu for the week with oxalate stones

days of the week, eating

Breakfast

Lunch

Lunch

Dinner

Bedtime

Monday

rice milk porridge, cottage cheese with raisins and sugar, tea

piece of cheese casseroles

Meatless vegetable soup, lean meat, pasta, juice

MaKaron casserole, steam cutlets, stewed

glass of kefir

Tuesday

vegetable salad, boiled fish, cottage cheese with cream and sugar, juice

Curd casserole

Souppasta, cereal, lean beef, stewed

Fish steam cutlets, macaroni casserole

Yogurt

Wednesday

salad of carrots and apples with honeysour cream

Handful of walnuts

Vegetable soup, mashed potatoes, boiled sea fish, cucumber juice

Cabbage chops, eggs, juice

Sour

Thursday

millet gruel on the water, rye bread with butter, weak tea

Fruit salad with apples, banana and yogurt

soup, millet gruel, boiled lean meat, fruit compote

Salad of carrots, cucumbers and walnuts, seasoned sour cream

Kefir

Friday

Cottage cheese with sour cream and banana, weak tea

apples or grapes, egg, rye breadoil and weak tea

Vegetable soup with barley, boiled turkey, salad of cucumber and cabbage with vegetable oil, stewed fruit

Oatmeal with milk, eggs, tea

Yogurt

Saturday

Cottage cheese with sour cream

handful of favorite nuts

Vegetable soup with noodles, lean beef, cabbage

millet porridge, steam cutlet

curdled

Sunday

curd with dried fruits and nuts

apple and banana

Vegetarian soup, buckwheat onwater, boiled egg

Salad with cucumbers and tomatoes, seasoned with olive oil, weak tea

Kefir

Important! During the day, it is additionally necessary to drink up to 2.5 liters of liquid.

deposition of calcium oxalate stones in the kidney causes the patient to reconsider their way of life, and sometimes radically change the diet.Meanwhile, strict adherence to the recommendations of doctors helps not only to prevent the emergence of new entities, but also to stop the growth of existing ones.

Elena Sovinskaya, dietitian


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