THE FIRST APPLICANT OF THE CHILD: RULES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Your kind of newly born baby grows by leaps and bounds.You are proud to feed it with breast milk.Or he at you "artificial", but well adds in weight and perfectly transfers a dairy mix.Against the backdrop of such well-being, young mothers often forget that the child can not and should not endlessly eat only liquid dairy food.It is important not to miss the age when it is already possible and necessary to introduce complementary foods.Table of contents: What is complementary feeding and what is it for? What is the age of the introduction of the first complementary foods? The first foods complemented by food and how to properly feed the child
WHAT IS A PRIKOR, AND WHY HE NEEDS
Food, all foods of plant and animal origin that the child receives in the first year of life in addition to breast milk, if he is on natural feeding, or in addition to the milk mixture, if the baby is on an artificialFeeding.
The main purpose of complementary food is to supplement the diet of a child under the age of one year with all the substances necessary for normal physical and mental development.In addition, the introduction of complementary foods is the training of a baby to consume solid foods.
Note: introduction of complementary foods does not imply a rejection of breast milk or a mixture.Lure is just a valuable and necessary supplement of natural or artificial feeding.
The need for complementary feeding is caused by the following factors:
- insufficient intake of vital substances with breast milk or a mixture;
- increase in the needs of the baby's body in vitamins, proteins, minerals, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, etc.;
- increase the body's need for energy, the amount of which depends on how the child will grow and develop.
With the introduction of complementary foods, the individual taste habits begin to form in the baby, the chewing apparatus is developed and trained, the digestive glands are adapted to digest new food.
THAN THE AGE OF THE FIRST APPLICATION
IS DETERMINED The age of the introduction of the first complementary meal is determined by the child's readiness for this.
The readiness consists of the following:
- matures the digestive system( necessary enzymes are produced, the permeability of the mucosa lining the small intestine decreases, local immunity is formed, etc.);
- teeth appear, and with them the ability to chew;
- extinguishes reflex ejection from the mouth of solid food;
- baby and physically( stably holds in an upright position), and emotionally( interested in eating adults and reaching for her) is ready for innovation, for new taste sensations;
- child can control the movement of the tongue.
WHO specialists, when assessing all these factors together, believe that it is necessary to introduce complementary foods at 6 months, and that before this age, a child without harm to health can receive only breast milk or a mixture.
Domestic pediatricians agree with this opinion, but only with regard to absolutely healthy newborns and provided that their mothers receive a full-fledged and enriched with vitamins and minerals food.Agree, such ideal tandems are not found very often.
Therefore, Russian scientists and practicing doctors believe that it is not forbidden to introduce the first complementary meal in 4 months if there are certain indications.At an earlier age, the children's body is really not ready to absorb a different from breast milk or a mixture of food.The period from 4 to 6 months( the acceptable age range for the introduction of the first complementary food) pediatricians is called a critical window or a period of the formation of tolerance( resistance) to new foods.
Please note: complementary scheme( terms of introduction of complementary foods by months) is determined individually for each child, taking into account the functioning of its gastrointestinal tract, nervous system and organs of excretion.For your baby, the scheme of complementary feeding will be your local pediatrician.
Until recently, lure for artificial feeding was prescribed at an earlier age compared with natural feeding.But modern milk mixtures are as close to the composition of women's milk as possible, therefore the general scheme of complementary feeding( complementary feeding by months) can be approximately the same for all babies.Despite this, some practicing pediatricians continue to be inclined to the earlier introduction of complementary feeding with artificial feeding, as indicated in the table.Nothing wrong with that.
Remember that a child must receive a complementary meal by 6 months.Later, its introduction may provoke the development of anemia, growth retardation, untimely formation of skills for chewing dense food and swallowing it.And the addition of several new products to the baby's diet at once, which inevitably occurs with late feeding, is a kind of food antigenic attack on the body.It often ends with the development of allergic reactions.
FOODS AND DISHES FOR THE FIRST APPLIANCEWe recommend reading:
With what dishes to start, and how to properly introduce the feeding of a child, you will necessarily tell the pediatrician.Usually the first lure in 4 months( or later, as the doctor will say) is puree from vegetables or porridge.WHO does not recommend giving raw fruit in the form of juices and mashed potatoes to cereals and vegetables, since the digestive tract is not ready for digestion.
Parents of modern kids are lucky: you do not need to soak potatoes, brush the carrots, look for pumpkins and broccoli in the shops, or study instructions for cooking 5% porridge and wipe the vegetables through a sieve.
Russian and foreign baby food production enterprises produce a huge assortment of ready-made vegetable and cereal dishes enriched with all substances a child needs at the age of 4-6 months.
Dairy kitchens still function in some cities.But if earlier on the "milk" the staff prepared kefir and cottage cheese and cooked porridge, now they are on the prescription of the pediatrician to give out boxes and jars with porridges, curds and mashed potatoes of industrial production.
If the pediatrician advised you to introduce complementary foods at 4 months, this means that as a complementary meal at 6 months, your baby will already receive milk porridge and vegetable puree, which will gradually replace two feeds with milk or a mixture.It does not matter which dish you are recommended to start with.For two months, the baby's organism is able to get used to such changes in the diet.
So, let's start with vegetable puree.From vegetables, organic acids, iron and potassium, dietary fiber, beta-carotene enter the body of the baby.Remember that the first vegetable puree should consist of one component with a tender flesh, for example, from cauliflower or zucchini.Only after the child has become accustomed to it, in the puree you can add a second vegetable.The table presents recommended dates for the introduction of various vegetables as a first supplement to a child for up to a year.
Kashi is a source of vegetable carbohydrates, proteins and fats, vitamins, selenium and iron, dietary fiber and other useful and necessary kid's substances.Kashi can be dairy and dairy-free.With which of them to start luring with artificial feeding and breastfeeding, your pediatrician will advise.But in any case, the first to be cereals without gluten.These include buckwheat, rice, corn.After the child gets used to them, the doctor will allow him to feed him with oatmeal, barley, wheat and semolina porridge, which contain gluten.Very convenient to use dry porridge in packets, which are bred with boiled water.
HOW TO CALIBRATE THE CHILD
CORRECTLY The rules for the introduction of the first complementary food are the same for both vegetable purees and cereals.They are the same for "artificial", and for babies who are breastfed.
And these rules are as follows:
- start to introduce complementary foods only if the child is completely healthy, and if he is not immediately vaccinated;
- do this in the afternoon so that during the day you can see how the baby reacts to the new product;
- always give a complementary meal before applying to the breast or giving a bottle with a mixture, that is, on an empty stomach;
- increase the amount of new food gradually from 1-2 teaspoons( 5-10 g) to 150 g for 1.5-2, and sometimes more weeks.As a result, for one breastfeeding or a mixture in the regime of the day will be less, as you completely replace it with porridge or vegetable puree;
- feed the baby in a semi-vertical, and then in a sitting position, with a spoon;
- lure a new species or a new product, add only when the child has adapted to the previous one;
- do not give the same dish twice a day;
- make sure that the food is warm, and its consistency is uniform;
- constantly monitor the condition of the child, watch his stool and skin.
Important: , when introducing the first complementary food, never forget the principle of graduality and monocomponent.Observance of it will help you to identify products that your baby does not tolerate well.
Several practical tips for young mothers:
- be patient and persevering.Do not get nervous if the baby refuses to eat new food.Offer the product again, sometimes you can succeed only after 8-10 attempts;
- if you intend to keep lactation, after giving porridge or mashed potatoes always put the baby to the breast;
- show sensitivity during feeding, try not to push the baby forcibly;
- praise the child, smile at him and talk to him;
- eliminate distractions so that the baby does not lose interest in food;
- if he stops opening his mouth, wait a bit and then offer him food again.
Zaluzhanskaya Elena Aleksandrovna, pediatrician.