Carp: benefit and harm, product composition
Carp belongs to the fish of the carp family.The range of its habitat is quite wide and extends to the entire territory of modern Russia and Europe.This type of fish is freshwater and feels great both in rivers and in lakes.
There are two varieties of crucian: silver and gold. Goldfish lived mainly in European waters, and its silver fellow inhabited the Amur River basin.In the sixties of the last century, in the Soviet Union a program was adopted to resettle of silver crucian carp throughout the country, which was implemented.Over time, it independently spread across Europe's water basins and there, thanks to its phenomenal vitality and unpretentiousness to habitat conditions, markedly squeezed out, and in some cases completely supplanted, the golden "competitor".
Ingredients and nutritional value of crucian carp
Carp as a food product is of great value - it belongs to non-fat fish types, the flesh of which contains about eighteen percent of the protein easily assimilated by the human body, which makes this fish look an excellent dietary product.
Nutritional value 100 g:
This fish is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are important for the prevention of strokes, heart attacks and atherosclerosis.Also there are fat-soluble vitamins A, B, D, E and various amino acids that increase immunity and reduce the harmful effect on the organism of the unfavorable ecological situation.There is a large amount of minerals and trace elements - zinc, phosphorus, manganese, copper.Prevention of osteoporosis ensures the presence of calcium in this fish.
The carp flesh contains a small amount of fat, about 7%, and the proteins, in contrast, contain quite a lot of .Compared with fish fatty varieties, the energy value of carp is about three times less.It is 87 kilocalories per 100 grams of product, when the same herring, for example, has 248 kilocalories per 100 grams.In general, for people who follow a diet, this fish is just an ideal product.
Benefits of crucian carp
On the recommendation of the World Health Organization, fish should be eaten at least three times a week.One meal is enough to eat one hundred grams of fish meat - this amount is the recommended minimum, and if you want to eat fish you can at least every day and in any quantity.
The following facts can be attributed to the useful properties of carp:
- Fish can easily replace other sources of protein( poultry, animals), and the essential amino acids in its composition, in addition to the general beneficial effect on the body, improve the work of the brain, Improve intellectual abilities, improve vision with age-related changes.
- These very amino acids are extremely necessary for people with cardiovascular disorders, for the treatment and prevention of heart disease.
- Phosphorus, in combination with calcium and vitamin D, positively affects bone tissue, preventing increased fragility of bones.
- Ear from carp is useful in ulcers and gastritis, as it stimulates the production of enzymes and gastric juice.
How to eat crucian carp
It is most useful to eat crucian in a baked or boiled variant.Moreover, it is very easy to prepare the product in question - it is enough to boil the fish in boiling water, adding carrots, onions, sliced peppers, peppers and bay leaf.Food is good for broth, as for carp.Brew fish should not be more than ten minutes after boiling, but fry or bake should be a little longer - about fifteen minutes.
In no case is the prolonged heat treatment of the crucian carcass recommended, since with prolonged exposure to high temperature, the protein of freshwater fish seems to "dyube", and the fish pulp becomes dry and stiff.
Please note: has not been shown harmful to the human body as such.Contraindication to its use can only be individual intolerance.Do not forget that the fish of the carp family are the carriers of the causative agent of the opisthorchiasis( extremely dangerous parasites), therefore it is possible to eat carp into the food only after careful heat treatment.
Carp is not only useful, but also very tasty fish.Many call it "weedy fish," but doctors say that carp will be useful to people of all ages.By the way, the type of fish under consideration is of low cost, therefore, carpas can be the best option for making a full menu.