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Kidney Sand: Symptoms and Treatment

Kidney Sand: Symptoms and Treatment

"Sand in the kidneys" - this conclusion is often made by doctors of ultrasound diagnostics.Indeed, during an ultrasound examination a specialist can see a finely dispersed suspension in the pelvis and kidneys, resembling sand.But in essence this suspension is not sand, but rather sediment, consisting of salts.The main reason for the formation of this sediment is a metabolic disorder, eating habits, chronic inflammatory processes in the urinary system, and anomalies of the urinary excretory organs, leading to its stagnation.

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If the doctor discovers already formed microcalcinates( small grains) with a clear shadow when examining the kidneys of the patient, you can talk about the onset of urolithiasis.

Table of contents: Symptoms of kidney sand Diagnosis Treatment Health food Prevention

Symptoms of sand in the kidneys

Symptoms of kidney sand In most cases, people do not feel that they have salt in their kidneys, and learn about their condition accidentally during the studyUrinary system, which is carried out for other reasons.For example, pregnant women receive such a conclusion after routine ultrasound diagnosis.

In rare cases, people with sand can be bothered by chronic, dull back pain, which is periodically amplified - apparently when the sand starts to leave the kidneys. Symptoms same, characteristic of renal colic( the inevitable companion of urolithiasis), does not cause sand.

Diagnostics

Diagnostics

Sand in the kidney is identified by the following tests:

  • Kidney ultrasound( but not always, as salt crystals can be very small).
  • Analysis for "salt transport".This is a comprehensive study of blood and urine, which includes the determination of biological concentrations of urea, uric acid, calcium, phosphorus and other substances.

Treatment of sand in the kidneys

Treatment of sand in the kidneys The main method of treating sand in the kidneys is a diet that is selected depending on the chemical composition of the sand( that is, what salts are prone to be deposited) and the drinking regime( a person must drinkIts physiological norm of the liquid daily).In addition, it is extremely important to eliminate such causes of sand formation, as chronic infectious processes of the urinary system.For this, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory treatment is performed.

There are a number of medicines that can improve urodynamics( the process of urine release), reduce inflammation and thereby prevent the appearance of a new and accelerate the disappearance of the already formed sand in the kidneys. These drugs include the following:

  • Kanefron;
  • Cyston;
  • Urolesan;
  • Foam pallet, etc.

All these preparations basically have plant components that safely act on the body even with prolonged use.

All kinds of folk remedies that can be cooked at home are also effective in kidney sand.First of all, these are fees that have a diuretic effect.If their intake is combined with increased fluid intake, it is possible to effectively wash out sand from the kidneys.

The selection of herbs for treatment is necessary, based on the analysis of urine ( namely, what salts are found in it).For example, with urates, leaves of cranberries are shown, with oxalates - horsetail and birch buds, with phosphate - leaves of bearberry and madder dyeing, etc.

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To avoid misunderstandings with the correctness of the choice of herbal collection, it is better to entrust this mission to the doctor( therapist, urologist, nephrologist)! And any treatment is better to start only after consulting a specialist, since diuretics, even plant origin, can not be accepted by everyone.For example, if small stones have already formed in the kidneys, such treatment can provoke the progression of concrements in the urinary tract, as a consequence of severe renal colic or complete blockage of the urinary tract, as well as a number of other serious complications.

Health food

The acidity of urine and the content of salts in it is mainly affected by human nutrition. This must be taken into account when preparing a diet for people with sand in the kidneys.For example, the use of a large amount of meat makes urine acidic and promotes the formation of urates and oxalates, respectively, in the subsequent formation of urate and oxalate stones.Milk food, on the contrary, alkalinizes urine, and it is well settled with phosphate sand - the precursor of phosphate stones.The neutral reaction of urine is considered optimal.To achieve such a reaction, you should eat a variety of foods and limit alcohol, spices, pickles, smoked foods, and the like.

Health food

If urine contains many urate salts, fatty foods, offal, spicy seasonings, alcohol should be excluded from the diet, and meat, beans, and chocolate should be restricted. The basis of nutrition of people with urate sand should be dairy products, vegetables and fruits.

With oxalate sand, you should reduce the amount of strong tea or coffee drunk per day and completely abandon sorrel, spinach, rhubarb, radish. For alkalinizing urine, it is advisable to drink alkaline mineral water.Well, among the products in this situation, the most useful are grains and bread from wholemeal flour.

If a lot of phosphate is found in urine, the basis of the diet should be different types of meat and porridge. But dairy and flour foods should be limited.It is very useful to drink compotes and kissels from sour berries - they acidify urine, preventing the formation of phosphate stones.

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Prevention

Since sand and stones in the urinary system are formed mainly due to metabolic disorders, malnutrition, anomalies and infectious inflammatory processes in urinary organs, all measures to prevent nephrolithiasis( the process of formation of sand and stones) Are as follows:

  • Balanced power supply.
  • Timely detection and treatment of diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract.
  • The annual passage of preventive medical examinations( in this situation it is enough to pass a general urine test and to examine the kidneys with the help of SPL).

In addition, in order for the urinary excretory organs to function fully, it is advisable to drink non-carbonated purified water every day( 1-1.5 liters), eat less salt, engage in any active sport, or simply walk more often.

Zubkova Olga Sergeevna, medical reviewer, epidemiologist-doctor


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