Jerusalem artichoke: good and bad
Indians of North America called this plant "tapi nambo", which meant "earthen tubers in thickets of tall grass."For the medieval Spaniards, who delivered the tubers of the earth pear in the Old World in 1606, this "savage name" was, of course, difficult to pronounce.And Jerusalem artichoke began to spread in its new homeland already under this "civilized" name.
By then potatoes were grown in gardens in Spain and Italy, but only as a decorative flower plant.To compare a tuberous earthen pear with nothing, and the European inhabitants passed by Jerusalem artichoke, not knowing how to cook it.
Only Belgian and Dutch chefs did not pay attention to flamboyant bouquets of yellow flowers, welding tubers in wine, flavored with butter.To taste, the dish resembled a boiled bottom of a delicacy artichoke, which gave rise to the Belgian name of Jerusalem artichoke - an underground artichoke.
The Slavs learned the taste of an earth pear as far back as the 17th century, using the decoctions of tubers of Jerusalem artichoke at heart wars.The skin of the tubers of the freshly introduced freshman was stained with anthocyanin, and the fruits themselves had a faint taste of the turnips familiar to all, for which the Rusich and called the plant a new name - blue turnip.
Later, when the ban on grinding food was already canceled in Russia, Jerusalem artichokes began to crumble into salads, and even simply gnaw raw tubers, digging them out in the spring, when the usual products are already scarce.Dense consistency and sweet taste of overwintered tubers of Jerusalem artichoke gave rise to another name - earthen pear.
Nutritional value and chemical composition of Jerusalem artichoke
The tubers of Jerusalem artichoke on the quantitative and qualitative content of vitamins and mineral salts are close to their compatriot - potatoes, but the calorific value of the earth pear is a quarter lower, showing the usefulness of Jerusalem artichoke for those who want to lose weight.
- Calories: 61 kcal
- Protein: 2.1 g
- Fat: 0.1 g
Show the full list »
- Carbohydrates: 12.8 grams
- FoodFibers: 4,5 g
- Organic acids: 0.1 g
- Water: 79 g
- Mono and disaccharides: 3.2 g
- Starch: 9.6 g
- Ash: 1.4 g
- Calcium 20 mg Magnesium
- mg Sodium 3 mg Potassium
- 200 mg Phosphorus 78 mg
- Xop: 47 mg
- Sera: 15 mg
- Vitamin PP: 1,3
- mg Beta Carotene: 0,012 mg
- Vitamin A( RE) 2
- mcg Vitamin B1( thiamine): 0.07 mg
- Vitamin B2( riboflavin) 0.06 mg
- Vitamin B6( pyridoxine) 0.2 mg
- Vitamin B9( folic): 18.5 g
- Vitamin C: 6 mg
- Vitamin E( FE): 0.2 mg
- Vitamin PP( niacin equivalent): 1.6 mg
- Iron 0.4 mg Zinc
- : 0.29 mg
- Iodine: 2 μg
- Honeys: 135
- mcg Manganese 0.21 mg
- Fluoro 14
- mcg Molybdenum 10 mcg
- Boron: 100 mcg Cobalt
- 1 ug
- Aluminum: 815 ug
Useful properties artichoke
An invaluable aid available in the tubers of earthen pear pectins and dietary fiber in the case of soft bowel cleansing of expectant mothers.
The presence of large potassium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, vitamins C and B, irreplaceable amino acids, places Jerusalem artichoke as a useful product not only in pregnancy, but also for the restoration of heart rhythm, renal tissue and normal liver function.
Potassium contained in Jerusalem artichoke helps to cope with swelling, and in combination with magnesium and iron increases the number of red bodies and improves blood counts.
Earth pear is the record among vegetables for the accumulation of silicon, which performs in the human body the function of supporting the assimilation of calcium, which is necessary for good strength of bones, nails and teeth.And the sulfur and copper available in the Jerusalem artichoke give the puffiness and density of the hair.
Ground pear is considered to be one of the most healing vegetables. The use of only 100 g of tubers during 2-3 months leads to the normalization of most organs and systems:
- improves digestion, ceases to torment heartburn and abdominal pain;
- strengthens bones and ligaments, increases muscle strength and flexibility of joints;
- the work of the immune system is strengthened, the hormonal background is leveled, the excess weight is reduced;
- stabilizes blood pressure and glucose in the blood.
Particularly beneficial for Jerusalem artichoke with diabetes of both types: the niacin found in tubers restores damaged cells of the pancreas, and the polysaccharide inulin, decaying to fructose, continuously maintains the consistency of sugar in the blood.
This ability of hydrolyzed inulin is also used for weight loss: when eating Jerusalem artichoke for a long time, there is no hunger caused by low sugar content, and pectic substances and cellulose of tubers release the intestines, reducing absorption.
Harm to Jerusalem artichoke
The study of the properties of Jerusalem artichoke by doctors and nutritionists of different countries again and again leads only to one conclusion: the useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke overlap with small reasons for contraindications to its use.
Extremely rare cases of manifestations of flatulence and single facts of intolerance of earthen pear are broken about a powerful rock of curative properties of Jerusalem artichoke.
Application of Jerusalem artichoke
In many cuisines of the world an earth pear is widely used for making soups, salads and snacks, confectionery, drinks and desserts.
A large amount of potassium in Jerusalem artichoke makes the latter a good source of medicinal wine: potassium combined with the vasodilating effect of weak alcohol perfectly supports the performance of the heart muscle.