Benefit and harm of peas
Pea is one of the oldest cultures, it grew on our planet in the Stone Age, as evidenced by excavations of settlements of those times.Ancient Chinese and Indians considered peas as a symbol of prosperity.In Europe, this legume culture was recognized in the XVI century and gradually became available to all segments of the population.It is remarkable that in the southern regions of Russia you can still find wild species of peas.
Interesting! Peasants of our country honored peas for "universality" and prepared from it not only porridge and soups, but the sausage, and even cheese.
is believed that the peas are home to the Central Asian countries, as well as some parts of Africa and Europe, washed by the Mediterranean Sea.The first cultural species appeared in France and further spread throughout Europe.Those varieties of peas, which are available today in Russia, were selected by domestic specialists.
Nutritional value of 100 g:
- Calories: 298 kcal
- Proteins: 20.5 g
- Fat: 2 g
- Carbohydrates: 49.5 grams
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- Dietary fiber: 11.2 c
- Water: 14 c
- Mono- and disaccharides: 4.6 c
- Starch: 44.9 g
- Ash: 2.8 c
- saturated fatty acids: 0,2 c
- unsaturated fatty acids: 1.39 g
- Calcium: 115 mg
- Magnesium: 107 mg
- Sodium 33 mg Potassium
- : 873
- mg Phosphorus: 329 mg
- Chlorine: 137 mg
- Sulfur: 190 mg
- Vitamin PP: 2,2 mg
- Beta-carotene 0.01 mg
- Vitamin A( RE) 2
- mcg Vitamin B1( thiamine): 0.81 mg
- Vitamin B2( riboflavin) 0.15 mg
- Vitamin B5( pantothenic) 2,
- 2 mg Vitamin B6( pyridoxine): 0.27 mg
- Vitamin B9( folic): 16. mu.g
- Vitamin E( FE): 0.7 mg
- Vitamin H( biotin): 19 mcg Vitamin PP
- (Niacin equivalent): 6.5 mg
- Choline 200 mg
- Iron: 6.8 mg
- Zinc 3.18 mg
- Iodine: 5.1 g
- Copper 750 mcg
- Manganese: 1.75
- mg Selenium: 13.1 g
- Chromium: 9 ug
- Fluoride 30 ug
- Molybdenum: 84.2 g
- Boron: 670 ug
- Vanadium: 150 ug
- Silicon 83 mg
- Cobalt: 13.1 g
- Nickel: 246.6 g Tin
- : 16.2 g
- Titanium: 181 g
- Strontium 80 ug
- Aluminum 1180 mcg
- Zirconium 11.2 microns
nutritional properties of green peas( not canned!) Two times higher than that of beans and potatoes.It contains: protein, starch, calcium and potassium salts, iron, phosphorus, copper, manganese, selenium, natural sugars, fats and other microelements.Thus, we can conclude that one pea contains almost the entire periodic table.
All essential amino acids and vitamins are also included in this product.Vitamins: PP, A, H, K, E, B, beta-carotene.Amino acids: lysine, methionine, cysteine, tryptophan, thiamine.Dry peas, used by housewives for the preparation of cereals and soups, are slightly less rich in the above substances, but there are more proteins in it.
Caloric content of peas is rather high - 298 kcal per 100 g of product.Of these, 198 belong to carbohydrates, 82 proteins and only 18 fats.
Important! With conservation, the beneficial properties of green peas are reduced to a minimum, but the calorie content also decreases.
Useful properties of peas
Sprouted grains of green peas are especially useful.The fact is that during the germination enzymes are activated that promote rapid disintegration of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, which in turn improves the assimilation of the product by the body.In addition, in germinated grains, the concentration of vitamins and mineral salts is increased, which speeds up the process of removing excess fluid.
It has already been proved that peas possess powerful antioxidant properties, and therefore its use minimizes the possibility of the formation of cancerous tumors.Peas can be an excellent alternative to meat products, because it contains a large number of amino acids that resemble animal proteins.
This product positively affects the work of the kidneys, liver, heart and blood vessels, therefore "works" as a preventative against anemia and obesity.And eating young green peas will help to remove swelling.It is known that peas are recommended for the prevention of dermatitis, because it includes fiber, which helps to cleanse the intestines.
Important! Dishes containing peas are very useful for teenagers, because they improve brain function, supply energy to the body, stimulate growth and maintain normal muscle tone.All this is due to the maintenance of thiamine in the pea.Adults thiamine also benefits: slows down aging, protects the body from the effects of nicotine and alcohol.
The use of peas is also evident in the following cases:
- stomach diseases - peas reduce acidity, minimizing mucosal irritation;
- for problems with the cardiovascular system is an excellent preventive tool and is used in conjunction with medicines;
- fragility of teeth and bones;
- low content of vitamin A in the body;
- Diabetes mellitus - due to the carbohydrates contained in the product, the development of the disease is prevented.
Almost any product has contraindications, and peas are no exception to the rules.First of all, uncontrolled consumption of this legume can lead to swelling and digestive disorders.
Interesting! In order for peas to be better absorbed and not to cause flatulence, it is recommended to add fresh dill to the dishes.
The harmful properties of peas can manifest themselves with:
- acute jade form,
- severe gastrointestinal diseases,
- circulatory disturbance,
- acute form of cholecystitis,
- for children and the elderly.
With the above diseases, pea consumption should be minimized or eliminated altogether.It is best to consult with your doctor.
When choosing peas, be sure to pay attention to its size and color.Ideally, if the pea has a rich yellow / green tint, and their diameter is 3-4 millimeters.The taste qualities of canned peas depend primarily on the composition.Canned food should not contain any impurities and flavors, only peas, sugar, salt and water.Of course, you should not buy the product if the bank is damaged or there are blisters on the lid.
Peas in folk medicine and cosmetology
Interesting! In ancient times, women used pea flour instead of face powder.
This product, despite its high calorie content, is good for weight loss.To prepare a "cleansing" mixture, dry peas are soaked for several hours, and then passed through a fine mesh grinder.You can use it in its pure form during lunch and dinner, or add it to salads and soups.After a week of application, take a break for 10-12 days, then repeat the course.
To restore digestion and get rid of constipation, it is recommended to use dry pea flour.To do this, you need to eat at least one tablespoon a day.Also, flour is a good cure for the headache - two teaspoons will replace any anesthetic.
In cosmetology, this legume culture is known as an assistant in the fight against acne and rash - there are many recipes for face masks and lotions containing peas.
Mask against skin fading
Two tablespoons of pea flour must be mixed with the same amount of kefir and immediately applied to the face.After 20 minutes, cleanse the skin with cotton wool soaked in olive oil, and after 5-10 minutes rinse your face with warm water.
A couple of handfuls of dried peas to grind in a coffee grinder and sprinkle a little with water.Use as a face scrub - rub in circular movements in the skin for 2 minutes.Then wash with cool water.This procedure cleans the skin of dead cells, which contributes to its oxygen saturation.