Pecans came from North America and Mexico, where the climate is perfectly suited for the growth of the tree and the maturing of its fruits.In ancient times, it was especially revered by some Indian tribes, and Americans still consider pecans to be the best of their kind, using it in baking, salads, and hot dishes.
The taste of pecans is somewhat similar to a walnut, but more tender and sweet, without pronounced bitterness.The pecan shell has an oblong shape and a smooth surface, which is why it is sometimes called "olive nuts".
Ingredients and characteristics
Nutritional information 100 g:
- Caloric value: 691 kcal
- Proteins: 9,17 g
- Fats: 71,97 g
- Carbohydrates: 4.26 g
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- Beta-carotene: 0.029 mg
- Vitamin A( RE): 3 μg
- Vitamin B1( thiamine): 0.66 mg
- Vitamin B2( riboflavin): 0.13 mg
- Vitamin B3( pantothenic): 0.863 mg
- Vitamin B6( pyridoxine): 0.21 mg
- Vitamin B9( folic): 22 μg
- Vitamin C: 1, 1 mg
- Vitamin E( TE): 1.4 mg
- Vitamin K( phylloquinone): 3.5 μg
- Vitamin PP( Niacin equivalent): 1,167 mg
- Choline: 40.5 mg
The trace elements:
- Calcium: 70 mg
- Magnesium: 121 mg
- Potassium: 410 mg
- Phosphorus: 277 mg
- Iron: 2.53 mg
- Zinc: 4.53 mg
- Copper: 1200 μg
- Manganese: 4.5 mg
- Selenium: 3.8 μg
- Fluoride: 10 μg
Pecan is a fairly high-calorie product - in 100 grams of nut contains 690Calories.That is why it is considered a kind of pantry of energy. Nuts contain many vitamins and minerals, as well as the following antioxidants:
- beta carotene,
- ellagic acid.
Minerals include zinc, selenium, iron, magnesium, potassium and calcium.The favorites in the vitamin series are vitamin E, C and group B.
Due to the vitamin E content, eating pecan helps prevent the development of viral infections, and also prevents the negative effects of sunlight and the environment.
If we consider the B complex, we can note the following:
- Thiamine( B1) - nourishes the nerve and muscle tissue;
- Riboflavin( B2) - involves the regeneration of tissues;
- Niacin( B3) - plays an important role in the work of the nervous system and the synthesis of fats;
- Pantothenic acid( B5) - is involved in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats;
- Pyridoxine( B6) - is required for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune system, and also participates in the formation of red blood cells;
- Folic acid is necessary for the formation of DNA.
Useful properties of pecan nuts
The use of pecans is primarily the work of natural antioxidants that protect the body from harmful radicals.Eating this product contributes to the proper functioning of the heart, the protection of blood vessels, which reduces the risk of getting a heart attack or coronary heart disease.
Pecan has a positive effect in other areas as well:
- lowers cholesterol level,
- protects the skin and body from premature aging
- , due to carotene content, prevents cataract formation and strengthens eyesight in general,
- normalizes hormone levels inMen.
Important! Research has shown that pecans can "serve" as a preventive measure against certain types of oncology: prostate cancer, lung, breast, duodenum.
Pecan is recommended for anemia, vitamin deficiency and lack of appetite, it also acts as a "regulator" of testosterone in the blood and has a beneficial effect on the health of the reproductive system.
Uncontrolled eating of nut in food can cause indigestion, weight gain( especially in persons prone to fattening).In case of severe liver disease, pecans should be completely excluded from the diet.With constipation, skin diseases and digestive disorders - minimize.
Important! Nutritional intake during pregnancy is undesirable because the product is allergenic and can cause reactions in the baby.Children up to three years are also not recommended to add pecans to food, so as not to cause stasis of the digestive system.
Since this kind of walnut is not very common in Russia, not everyone knows how to choose and store the product.Let's look at some of the nuances.
- Buy pecans to be unpeeled, choose nuts with a hard, non-damaging shell.
- It is best to eat nuts immediately after cleaning, since keeping it "in its naked form" leads to loss of taste and rancidity of the kernels.
- The cleared fruit should be fleshy and dense, light shade.
- You can store pecans in the refrigerator for no more than four months, a sealed bag or a tightly closed container is suitable for this.
Application in cooking and traditional medicine
Pecan is eaten both raw and in fried form.A crumb derived from walnut is used in many dishes, due to which they are nourished and have a special delicate taste.Also from the pecan nuts, oil is made by cold pressing.It is added to salads and sauces to meat and fish dishes.
In addition, oil from pecan has found application in folk medicine.It is used externally for the healing of small cuts and wounds, insect bites and sunburn, to improve the skin, nails( even with fungal diseases!) And hair.Some cosmetologists apply oil to the patient's skin before the massage.