Mandarins: benefit and harm
Mandarins are perhaps the most favorite citrus fruit of both children and adults.Some of them are associated with memories of childhood, some just love mandarins for their sweetness, which is rarely found in the fruits of the family of citrus.However, all this is not important - tangerines, like all other fruits, are of much use to the human body, but in some cases they can cause quite a perceptible harm.Table of contents: Variety of mandarins Mandarins: composition and calorie Useful properties of tangerines Possible harm of tangerines Features of choice and storage of mandarins
Variety of mandarins
The homeland of this fruit is China - in this country tangerines have been known for a long time, but before they could afford to eatOnly wealthy people.Now the mandarins are available to everyone, and the suppliers of this citrus fruit are Spain, Morocco, Sicily and Argentina.Of course, there are also Abkhazian mandarins, but the above countries are the largest suppliers of this delicacy.
Consumers make a big mistake, calling absolutely all orange citrus fruits mandarins - even they can count a lot of varieties. For example :
- sweet mandarin without seeds - satsuma;
- is the thick-skinned mandarin - santra;
- a hybrid of mandarin and orange - natsumikan;
- hybrid of mandarin and kumquat - calamondine;
- is the most sour Mandarin - Unshiu.
And this is only a small fraction of all existing varieties of the fruit in question!But experts have a clear division: yellow fruit is mandarins, and bright orange varieties are called tangerines.
Despite the fact that there is a wide variety of mandarin species in nature, their vitamin composition does not differ.
mandarins: composition and calorific
Nutritional value of 100 g:
- Calories 38 kcal
- Proteins 8 g
- Fats 2g
- Carbohydrates 5g
- Dietary Fiber 9 g
- Water 88 g
Distinctive feature of the citrus is the content of a large amount of vitamin C, which is stored in the fruit for a long time.The composition also includes fiber and phytoncides, sugars and organic acids, beta-sitosterol and mineral salts.Even the peel of these fruits is valuable, as in its composition there are vitamins C and P, aldehydes, citral, essential oils.
Useful properties of tangerines
It is worth mentioning the most valuable useful property of the product in question - the restoration of the amount of vitamins in the body. In addition, the tangerines :
- excellently removes thirst;
- saturates the body with the required amount of ascorbic acid;
- for colds partially contributes to lower body temperature;
- provides better digestion;
- helps relieve a person's condition when coughing.
Mandarins are recognized as anti-mucosal and anti-edematous, so they have a beneficial effect on bronchi.Relatively recently, it was found that the regular use of mandarins reduces the risk of heart pathologies, prevents the deposition of cholesterol on the walls of the vessel and prevents the development of atherosclerosis.
Please note: to get the most out of tangerines, you need to consume them together with a white mesh that envelops the lobules of fruit - it contains glycosides that positively influence the work of the cardiovascular system.
Mandarins are a product that is recommended for people with a predisposition to depression.
An excellent variant of vitamin C saturation of the pregnant woman's body will also be the use of tangerines, but given that excessive use of them can lead to the development of allergies in both women and the fetus, a maximum of 2 fruits per day will be absolutely safe. By the way, women "in an interesting position" can prepare and decoction from the peel of mandarins in the proportion of raw from one fruit to a glass of boiling water.This remedy perfectly removes attacks of nausea that will help to cope with a toxicosis.
Possible harm to mandarins
Despite the excellent taste and huge benefits, the product in question can cause harm to a person:
- Firstly, this citrus is absolutely contraindicated in people who have stomach ulcers or duodenal ulcers, any inflammatory bowel disease, gastritis withHigh acidity of gastric juice.
- Secondly, the mandarins will have to be abandoned in case of hepatitis, nephritis and cholecystitis.Under the prohibition of citrus is found in people with diabetes mellitus - a high sugar content in the pulp of tangerines can lead to a deterioration in the health of the diabetic.
- Third, the fruit in question refers to allergen products.Therefore, when using tangerines, you need to observe the measure, otherwise, even with a complete absence of allergies, something may occur in the digestive system.
And one more thing - you can not consume a large number of tangerines at once, because this can provoke the development of hypervitaminosis.Eat just 2-3 kilograms of the product in question and "stock up" with vitamins for two or three months will not work, but the body for such "feats" can react with diarrhea, the appearance of a rash and a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
Features of selection and storage of mandarins
To use tangerines brought pleasure and benefit, you need to be able to choose them.First you need to focus on the country of origin of this product - for example, the most delicious / sweet and, alas, expensive are Spanish mandarins, but the cheapest, but also sour with bones will be citrus from Turkey.If the variety of tangerines is still embarrassing, then it is necessary to proceed simply - to buy one fruit of each kind and select the most suitable method by sampling.
Of course, it is important to buy tangerines with a whole peel on which there should be no stains or rot.
Ripe mandarins can not be stored for long, so you need to know the specifics of this process - as a rule, before the winter holidays people try to buy the fruit in advance. If you put the tangerines in a special compartment of the refrigerator, in which the desired temperature is specifically maintained for fruits, they will last long enough.It is important not to allow the mandarins to dry out, but they can not be packed in tightly closed plastic bags either - they simply "suffocate", they will acquire an unpleasant odor.
Please note: mandarins that are sold with a twig and leaflet are stored for a long time.Extend the shelf life can be and "popular" way - to treat the skin of the fruit with vegetable oil.
Mandarins are an amazing fruit that is not only used with pleasure in a "fresh" form, but is also actively used for cooking dishes from meat, salads from vegetables and various pastries.