Mexidol: instructions for use, analogues
Jul 03, 2018
Mexidol is an antioxidant drug belonging to the pharmacological group of nootropic medicines of the new generation.
Sold in the form of injection solutions and tablet form.In one ampoule, Mexidol contains 250 milligrams of the main active ingredient( ethylmethyl hydroxypyridine succinate), as well as water and sodium.The tablets contain 125 milligrams of active ingredient, carmellose, sodium stearate and lactose monohydrate.Table of contents: Pharmacological properties Who is recommended?Application in children To whom is Mexidol contraindicated?Undesirable reactions About overdose Application rules Drug compatibility Precautions Analogs Mexidol How to store Mexidol?
Mexidol is used in medical practice to activate blood supply and normalize the metabolic process in the brain.
Medication Mexidol is characterized by the following pharmacological properties:
- membrane protective;
- is hypolipidemic;
- anxiolytic.The drug Meksidol normalizes cholesterol indices, facilitates the course of oxygen deficiency processes, positively affects memory and the ability to assimilate new data, eliminates panic, anxiety, increases the body's resistance to stressful situations, such as alcohol intoxication, shock, hypoxia, ischemicCrisis and others.
This drug helps to reduce the symptoms of withdrawal symptoms with alcoholism or drug dependence.
Who is recommended?
Doctors prescribe medication Mexidol in the psychiatric, cardiac and neurological field.
Doctors recommend their patients using Mexidol in the presence of the following clinical indications:
- craniocerebral trauma;
- encephalopathy, taking place in acute or chronic form;
- panic attack;
- autonomic dysfunction;
- disorders of coronary circulation in the acute phase;
- withdrawal syndrome;
- ischemic disease;
- intoxication with psychotropic drugs, taking place in acute, severe form;
- transient cerebral ischemia;
- stroke transferred( to eliminate residual events);
- atherosclerotic functional brain disorders;
- tissue hypoxia;
- is a vegetative-vascular dystonia.
In addition, this medication is prescribed after surgery, in the case of pancreatitis or purulent inflammatory processes in the abdominal region.
Note: Mexidol is often recommended for prophylaxis in patients who are under extremely intense, extreme loads.Use this medicine in the case of neurasthenic manifestations, provoked by physical overloads.
Use in children
For small patients Mexidol is prescribed only in exceptional cases, if there are such indications:
- severe traumatic brain injury;
- purulent neuroinfectious processes.
Children Mexidol is prescribed in minimal dosages( not more than 100 milligrams), in order to provide emergency medical care.The therapeutic course is conducted under the strict supervision of a specialist who constantly observes the condition of the baby.After the condition of a small patient is somewhat stabilized, Mexidol is replaced with other drugs recommended for use by small patients.
To whom is Mexidol contraindicated?
Mexidol is strongly contraindicated in patients in the following clinical situations:
- Individual intolerance and hypersensitivity to the active ingredients of Mexidol;
- hepatic pathology, occurring in severe form;
- impaired renal function;
Important! Mexidol is not used to treat women who are expecting to have a baby, and nursing mothers, as well as patients under the age of majority, as there is no exact information on the safety of this drug for this category of patients!
Mexidol, in the absence of contraindications and correct application, is usually tolerated by the body quite well, as evidenced by the numerous reviews of patients who applied the drug in practice. However, in the course of the therapeutic course, there are likelihoods of occurrence of the following undesirable reactions by the Mexidol:
- attacks of vomiting;
- sensation of excessive dryness in the oral cavity;
- development of allergic reactions;
- skin rashes in the form of urticaria;
- Quincke edema;
- drowsiness during the day;
- blood pressure changes.
Please note: To avoid the development of the above listed side effects, should be used strictly according to the doctor's prescription, following the recommended dosage!
In case of discomfort and any undesirable reactions, it is recommended to stop the therapeutic course with Meksidol and seek medical advice!Perhaps you need to adjust the dosage or replace the drug.
Overdose with Mexidol is possible only in case of excessive excess of recommended doses.In this condition, the patient has more pronounced side effects, characteristic for this drug: bouts of nausea, weakness, drowsiness, sensations of dryness in the mouth.In most situations, medical care is not required for patients, the clinical manifestations of an overdose of Mexidol after a while go away to themselves.It is recommended that patients take more fluids, and also they can drink several tablets of activated charcoal.
Rules for the use of
The specific features of the use of Mexidol are largely dependent on the form of its release.
Important! The duration of the therapeutic course and the optimal daily dosage of Mexidol is determined by the treating specialist, solely on an individual basis!
As a rule, the therapeutic course starts with 1-2 Mexidol tablets throughout the day, after which the dosage is gradually increased by the attending physician until the expected therapeutic effect is obtained.
Please note: maximum daily dosage of medicament Mexidol should not exceed 6 tablets!
The average duration of the treatment course with Mexidol tablets is from 14 days to 1.5 months.When eliminating manifestations of withdrawal syndrome with this medication, treatment is recommended to continue for a week.It should be noted that therapy with Mexidol should be completed smoothly, gradually reducing the daily dosage of the drug for several days.
Introduction by injection Meksidol the patient is administered intramuscularly or intravenously.The medication is administered in a dose of 50-100 milligrams, 3 times throughout the day.At the same time, the maximum dosage per day of Mexidol should not exceed 800 milligrams.
In most cases, in the treatment of violations of cerebral circulation in acute form, in the first 2 weeks, 2-3 times per day, the patient is administered 200 to 500 milligrams of Mexidol( the optimal dosage is determined by the doctor individually) by intravenous route.The next 2 weeks of treatment the drug is administered in the same dosage, but already with the help of intramuscular injections.
In the case of a drug in the surgical field, Mexidol is started to enter a day before the proposed operation.Dosage is selected by specialists individually, taking into account such factors as the form of the pathological process, the severity of the patient's condition, the present clinical symptoms, etc. As a rule, the daily dosage varies in the range from 300 to 800 milligrams.
Mexidol combines well with other medications, and can therefore be used as a component of complex medication therapy recommended by specialists for various pathological conditions.This drug increases the effect of tranquilizers, analgesics, analgesic, and anticonvulsants.
In addition, Mexidol is characterized by the ability to reduce the toxicity of ethyl alcohol.
Due to the presence of these properties, Mexidol is widely used to eliminate, so-called breaking and alleviating the condition of patients with alcohol poisoning with concomitant intoxication.
Mexidol can have an overwhelming effect on the patient's psyche.Therefore, with special care this drug should be used by drivers and others whose activities require special concentration, concentration and speed of reactions.
It is strongly advised not to take Mexidol on its own, without prescribing a doctor, and also to change the dosage or the duration of therapy.
The repeated treatment course can be carried out according to the recommendation of a specialist, usually in the spring or autumn period, characterized by the most frequent cases of exacerbations and relapses of a number of diseases.
Analogs of Mexidol
The pharmaceutical market includes the following medicines that can be attributed to the analogues of Mexidol:
Important! Do not replace the Mexidol prescribed by your doctor with other medications at your own discretion!If there was a need to select an analogue, be sure to consult a doctor who will tell you what will replace Mexidol in a particular clinical case!
How to store Mexidol?
The duration of the Mexidol drug is 3 years.Keep the product recommended in a dark, cool place, protected from direct sunlight and inaccessible to young children!
Chumachenko Olga, medical reviewer