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How often can I drink antibiotics?

Antibiotics-how often to drink

Antibiotics are substances of natural or semi-synthetic origin that are capable of inhibiting the growth of bacterial cells.Similar action is characteristic for completely synthetic agents - antibacterial chemotherapy( in particular - sulfonamides).With respect to viruses, antibiotics are absolutely ineffective.

The discovery of antibiotics has become a real revolution in medicine.The first drug of this group was penicillin, obtained by A. Fleming in 1928.Mass production of penicillin began in 1943.

Table of contents: Classification How much can I drink antibiotics? Food for long-term antibiotic use

Classification

According to the current classification, the following groups of antibiotics are distinguished:

  • beta-lactam( penicillins and cephalosporins);
  • tetracyclines;
  • levomycetins;
  • Macrolides:
  • aminoglycosides;
  • Lincosamides;
  • glycopeptide;
  • antituberculous;
  • antifungal;
  • anti-skid.

For each of the groups there is a clear list of indications.Most of the drugs are not devoid of side effects, but in many cases they are the only effective means of combating diseases of infectious genesis.Some antibiotics are prescribed in the treatment of neoplastic tumors.

How much can I drink antibiotics

Popular-antibiotic Only a doctor can determine whether antibiotic use is required and what type of admission( and course duration) is justified in each specific situation.

Important: in some cases preparations of this category are prescribed for preventive purposes - in particular to prevent the development of postoperative complications.

Many drugs with antibacterial effect are dispensed in pharmacies without a prescription, so people often feel unwell and begin self-medication.This can cause complications.Before taking antibiotics, you need to go through the examination in the clinic and take the tests.

Note: fever and respiratory events are not always the basis for initiating antibiotic therapy.Hyperthermia is often caused by a viral infection that requires the intake of special medicines that have antiviral activity.

Antibiotics how often to drink Single dosage, multiplicity of reception and duration of course treatment are determined by the type of pathogen, as well as the dynamics of the disease, age and general condition of the patient.In the generalized infectious process( septic state) in hospital conditions, massive antibiotic therapy is carried out, involving intravenous injection of shock doses of solutions of antimicrobial agents.

For outpatient treatment, preparations are given in capsules or tablets, somewhat less often in the form of solutions for intramuscular injections.Uncontrolled reception can adversely affect the functional activity of the kidneys and liver, as well as cause a decline in overall immunity.

Most antibiotics are prescribed for 7-10 days( in particular - for the treatment of staphylococcal and streptococcal infections).Depending on the dosage and the duration of the action of the drugs( the rate of excretion from the body), they are taken from 1 to 4-5 times a day.It is important to observe the prescribed time intervals between the ingestion of tablets or capsules.

Reducing the severity of symptoms or their complete disappearance is not a reason to interrupt the course.The reduction of clinical signs does not yet indicate a complete suppression of the growth of pathogenic microflora.Discontinuation of medication before the time often causes the development of resistance( resistance) of pathogens to a particular drug.In such cases, repeated treatment with the same antibiotic is ineffective.Dosage reduction is permissible only on the recommendation of the attending physician( in some situations the transfer of the patient to "supportive" treatment is justified).

Symptoms-dysbiosis Note: use of certain antibiotic agents( especially - in high doses) often causes imbalance of intestinal microbiocenosis, i.e., dysbiosis.It manifests itself as a digestive disorder and may be accompanied by a worsening of the general condition.To combat this complication, probiotics and prebiotics( Narine, Linex, Acipol, Bifiform, etc.) are necessary.

For most antibiotics, the minimum duration of course therapy is 1 week, but there are exceptions.For example, a potent drug of prolonged action Azithromycin( Sumamed, Ecomed, Azicide) is prescribed for a period of 3 to 5 days.Sometimes a scheme is prescribed, presupposing that it is taken within 3 days with a repetition after a 3-day break.

The course can be prolonged according to the indications up to 2-3 weeks( for example, if the inflammation subsides slowly).If it is not possible to achieve the expected therapeutic effect in a relatively short time( 3 days), an antibiotic rotation is performed, ie, another drug is prescribed( more often - a broad spectrum of action).

Recommended reading:

Nutrition for prolonged use of antibiotics

If the doctor recommends taking the drug only before or, conversely, after eating, do not neglect this advice.Absorption of some active substances slows down significantly after ingestion, and a number of antibiotics can negatively affect the mucous membrane of the stomach if you drink it on an empty stomach.At any time( but strictly observing the dose and multiplicity), you can take drugs cephalosporin series, Amoxicillin and individual macrolides.

Important: If you were prescribed Furazolidone, during the treatment you need to refrain from consuming cheese, legumes and various smoked products.

Do not eat fatty foods and foods containing artificial preservatives.Consumption of fresh vegetables and white bread, on the contrary, should be increased.

It is recommended to temporarily switch to fractional food - 5-6 times a day in relatively small portions.

It is advisable to drink tablets and capsules with plenty of water.

Refusal of alcohol Consumption of alcohol( including - medicinal tinctures) during antibiotic treatment is completely excluded!Especially dangerous is the combination of ethanol with Erythromycin, Metronidazole( Trichopol), Furazolidone and Isoniazid.

Please note: carefully read the annotation.It lists the groups of pharmacological agents that are not recommended to be used in parallel with these or other antibiotics.Activity of some drugs of this category is significantly reduced when taking enterosorbents( activated carbon) and antacids( agents for reducing the acidity of the stomach).

If for forgetfulness or due to other reasons the next pill is missed, you do not need to take a double dose next time.Any changes in the condition should be reported to the doctor.

Chumachenko Olga, medical reviewer


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