Anti-allergic drugs for children
Jul 04, 2018
Allergy today is a common disease, which most often affects children.And this is not surprising!Indeed, it is in childhood that the organism only adapts to the surrounding world and reacts to external / internal stimuli is not always adequate.To reduce allergy in a child, you must first put an accurate diagnosis, find out the cause of the disease and undergo a course of treatment. All these "activities" should be carried out by a specialist, an allergist, but to start a child should be taken to an appointment with a pediatrician.
Self-selection of any anti-allergic drugs may result in deterioration of the child's health.The presented material contains a brief information about ointments, creams and tablets with antihistamine action, which are most often used to treat allergies in childhood.Tablets:
Non-hormonal creams and ointments for children
These drugs have an active anti-inflammatory effect, so they can be used to treat allergies in young children.
Produced in the form of a gel, has antipruritic effect, can reduce irritation and have a mild anesthetic effect.
- urticaria, accompanied by severe itching;
- insect bites, accompanied by allergies;
With prolonged use of the antiallergic drug under consideration, the manifestations of allergy may increase - for example, burning and dry skin, uncharacteristic rash.
When using Fenistil, the specific instructions in the annotation should be taken into account:
- This remedy can not be used from the first days of the baby's life, since it is officially allowed to treat allergy with Fenistil only from the age of 1 month.
- The gel can not be used on large areas of the skin for children under 6 years of age, especially if there is bleeding and inflammation.If the skin is treated with gel, avoid direct exposure to the treated areas of the sun.
In no event should this product be mixed with GISTAN N , which contains a hormonal component!
Gistan is a non-hormonal cream, it can be described as a biologically active additive, which contains lily of the valley oil, lupine, turn, calendula, birch kidney extract, violet, betulin and dimethicone.
This external agent is used for any allergic reactions on the skin - for example, with rashes, itching, redness.It is appropriate to apply Histin and with eczema, and with atopic dermatitis - the cream will in this case have an anti-inflammatory effect.
Produced in the form of a cream or gel, has antibacterial and antifungal action.This antiallergic effect is applied not only with classical manifestations of allergy, but also with psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and dry skin.
Please note: cream and Skin-cap gel are approved for use in children aged 1 year and older.
Produced in the form of a cream, has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect and is effective in the treatment of eczema and atopic dermatitis.It is allowed to use from the age of three months.
Often, at the initial stage of the use of Elidel cream, skin deterioration is observed on the treated areas - in particular, intense redness, itching and irritation may appear.This is considered normal and if such side effects disappear within 2-3 days, then you can continue treatment.Otherwise, the use of the drug in question is discontinued, further therapy is performed only after consultation with the attending physician, who is most likely to make a replacement for the drug.
Note: use Elidel cream to treat allergies in childhood should be extremely cautious, because the long-term effects of therapy have not been studied.Some doctors believe that the consequences may be a decrease in immunity, the development of lymphomas and skin oncology.
Ointment for external use, the main active ingredient of which is zinc oxide.It is used for the treatment of children of childhood with eczema, diaper rash, chalk, dermatitis.Desitin not only relieves itching and stops the progression of the inflammatory process, but also prevents the spread of the rash over larger areas of the skin.
The preparation in question is strictly forbidden to be applied to infected skin areas.
This anti-allergic cream includes yarrow, sophora, propolis, cottonwood and cardophilus.Has a bactericidal, healing, hemostatic and anti-inflammatory effect on the skin.It is actively used in the treatment of any allergic reactions, dermatitis, neurodermatitis and even trophic ulcers.
Please note: treatment course for this medication should be at least 7 days.But also more than 30 days of use is inadmissible - there can be new allergic reactions, there will be an accustoming to means.
This cream is considered the most popular among all drugs used to treat allergies.It has antipruritic, anti-inflammatory action, which makes it effective in the treatment of any allergic reactions.
The composition of the cream includes extracts of turn, walnut and licorice, as well as avocado oil, bisabolol and panthenol.Special attention should be paid to medicinal herbs, which are components of La Cree cream - they can cause another attack of allergy.
Hormonal Allergy Creams for Children
These creams and ointments should only be used for the doctor's prescription and only if the treatment with other medications has not yielded positive results. Hormonal anti-allergic creams quickly relieve inflammation, but they are actively absorbed through the skin, which can lead to disruption of the immune system, the development of Cushing's syndrome and adrenal insufficiency.These aggressive drugs include hydrocortisone ointment, Lorinden, Fluorocort, Flucinar and Celestoderm - these preparations are not strongly recommended for use in childhood.
Important! Parents should avoid allergy treatment with hormonal ointments, but even if such therapy has already been started, it can not be stopped abruptly - the dose of the hormone cream used should decrease gradually, then it is mixed in equal proportions with the usual baby cream and only after that you can gradually switch to treatmentSkin "clean" baby cream.A sharp cancellation of the hormone cream can lead to withdrawal syndrome, which provokes the emergence of symptoms of allergy of greater intensity.
The composition contains a glucocorticosteroid, which provides fast and effective treatment of allergies in children.It is forbidden to use this medication for a long time, it is used only for the doctor's prescription.The course of treatment is 5-7 days, and, starting from 3-4 days of use, it is necessary to begin to reduce the dosage of Elokom, so that there is no abrupt cancellation.
Elokom is approved for use from six months of age.
The composition contains a non-halogenated synthetic steroid that helps to successfully combat atopic dermatitis, childhood eczema, simple contact dermatitis and any manifestations of allergy.With prolonged use and the use of large doses, skin atrophy can develop.
Advantan is approved for use in children from the age of four months.
Note: below lists the hormonal creams and ointments that are strictly forbidden to use for the treatment of allergies in children:
- Hydrocortisone, which is a part of Oxycorta, Daktakorta, Cortef, Sibircort, Laticorta, Corteid.
- Triamcinolone, based on which Kenacort, Triacort, Nazakort, Fodderm, Polcortolone are manufactured.
- Clobetasol - ointments Dermovajt, Powerscourt and Cloveit.
- Flumethasone - categorical contraindications to use in children do not, but it is advisable to choose other drugs.
- Betamethasone - the child should be protected from the use of Diprospan, Daivobet, Beloderm, Betakortal, Betnoveit.
Allergy Tablets in Children
There is just more room for choosing an effective drug for treating allergies - most tablets are approved for use by children.
First, it concerns Lomilan, Loratodina, Clarotadine, Clarisens and Claritin.These drugs can be taken already at the age of one year, they have a minimum of side effects, but the therapeutic effect comes just after the first pill.Since the age of 2 years, the child is allowed to use Zirtek, Tsetrin, Parlazin and Zodak - these preparations are manufactured in syrups and drops that are specially designed for use in pediatric practice.
Secondly, in the arsenal of allergy doctors there are drugs that stabilize the membranes of mast cells.Children can use Ketotifen in syrup, but Kromoglin and Kromogeksal in childhood is allowed to use only as inhalations or nasal spray.Intal, which also belongs to the stabilizers of mast cell membranes, is allowed for use in the treatment of allergies only in children aged 2 years.
The principle of action of these drugs is very simple - they strengthen the membrane of the mast cells so much that they prevent the "exit" of histamine, the mediator of inflammation, which serves as a "jerk" to the onset of an allergic reaction.
Treatment of allergies in childhood is a long process, which is accompanied by the use of various antiallergic drugs.You can not use them without prescribing a doctor, and the specialist should monitor the dynamics of the disease.But parents can prevent the next development of allergies, minimize the risks of relapse. To do this, it is enough to follow the recommendations of specialists:
- Buying household chemicals and any means of caring for children, you need to choose those products that contain no formaldehyde, perfumes, propylene glycol, methyl acrylate.
- Washing powder for washing children's substances should be chosen with a surfactant reading of not more than 5%.
- Food for the child should contain a minimum of flavors, dyes, flavoring agents and preservatives.
- Baby food should be rational and full.To introduce a new food product, or some exotic fruit should be very carefully and in small doses.
Allergies in childhood should not be uncontrolled, it should not only be prevented, but also treated.And it depends only on the parents how the use of antiallergic drugs will be safe for the child.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category