How to take Smect in powder to adults and children
Jul 07, 2018
Smecta refers to antidiarrhoeal drugs, has an adsorbing effect.In modern medicine, this drug is an "emergency aid" for diarrhea in an adult and a child, and it does not matter what etiology is in diarrhea.Smecta can not only normalize the stool, but also relieve the pain in the intestines, swelling and other characteristic symptoms in violation of the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
If there are indications, then the medicine in question can be used for the treatment of diarrhea and in infants, which is the most valuable quality of Smecta( in the infancy, it is permissible to use a limited range of medicines for diarrhea).
Smecta is a natural enterosorbent that promotes rapid elimination of toxins from the body, it also works against viruses, pathogens and harmful substances. It is thanks to its natural origin that the preparation is perfectly tolerated by adults and children, and its pleasant taste allows parents to treat even babies without problems.Contents: Composition Smectites in powder How Smecta works( pharmacological capabilities) Indications for use Smectas Contraindications for use Smectites in powder How to apply Smectite in powder to adults and children
Composition Smectites in powder
The drug in question is sold in sachets withPowder from which the suspension is prepared. In one sachet( has a mass of 3 grams) contains:
- active ingredients: smectite dioctahedral( magnesium silicate and aluminum);
- excipients: flavors( vanilla and / or orange), dextrose monohydrate, sodium saccharinate.
In pharmacy chains, one can also find analogues of Smecta - Diosmectin and Neosmectin, which have similar qualitative characteristics.
Smecta is a powder of a greyish-white or yellowish hue that has a pleasant aroma of orange or vanilla, depending on which particular flavor the manufacturer used.
How Smecta works( pharmacological capabilities)
The active substance of the drug in question is capable of stabilizing the mucosal barrier of the gastrointestinal tract. Smecta increases the amount of mucus, forms polyvalent bonds with mucilage glycoproteins, thereby reducing the negative impact of toxins / pathogens.When the drug in question enters the intestine, it binds the toxic compounds that are present in it and leads them to the calves of the patient.
Note: thanks to this specific pharmacological action Smecta is able to adsorb only those viruses / bacteria and toxins that are in the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract.Active active substance of the drug is not absorbed by the body, but leaves the intestine along with all harmful / chemical substances.Taking Smecta in therapeutic doses is not a threat to intestinal motility.
Smectite dioctahedral is radiopaque and does not stain feces, aluminum in its composition is not absorbed by the body even with progressive colitis, colonopathy and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Indications for Use Smectas
The main advantage of the drug under consideration is safety and the possibility of its use for children from an early age( literally - from birth). The main indications for the use of Smecta are:
- diarrhea of a chronic, medicinal or allergic origin;
- food poisoning;
- diarrhea, triggered by malnutrition or the use of low-quality products;
- diarrhea, caused by the long use of antibacterial drugs( diarrhea begins due to the multiplication of opportunistic bacteria);
- diseases of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract( cholecystitis, stomach ulcer, colitis, gastritis and others).Smecta in this case helps to get rid of heartburn, flatulence, swelling and any discomfort in the intestinal region;
- infectious intestinal diseases - cholera, clostridiosis, salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis, Eshechiriasis, gastrointestinal influenza.
Smecta acts not only as an enterosorbent, but also has a therapeutic effect: with a deficiency in the body of sodium, magnesium and potassium( this is normal for diarrhea), the drug in question stabilizes this balance. Smecta helps increase mucus, which means that the intestinal mucosa becomes denser and able to withstand harmful, toxic and irritating substances - the symptoms of intoxication quickly become less intense.
Contraindications for use Smectic powder
In general, the drug under consideration is one of the few that have virtually no contraindications. But still, some restrictions on admission Smectas against diarrhea are available:
- fructose intolerance;
- insufficiency is sugar-isomaltase;
- glucose-galactose malabsorption.
In addition, this drug is contraindicated and with intestinal obstruction, and with chronic constipation.Admission Smecta in these pathological conditions can provoke an increase in constipation due to a weakening of intestinal motility.
About hypersensitivity, you need to know only one thing: the composition of the antidiarrheal drug under consideration includes fragrances, and if such an agent has an allergic reaction to such substances, it is better to abandon the use of Smecta.
How to apply Smectu Powder to Adults and Children
In order for the presented medicinal product to really work effectively and safely, it is necessary to strictly follow the instructions for its use.
How to breed Smectum
For children, including infants, the contents of one sachet are diluted in 50 ml of warm water. If the child is too small, Smectou can be added portionwise to infant formula, vegetable or meat puree, ground fruits and mixed until the powder is completely dissolved.If the child is not able to consume 50 ml of the drug at a time, then the powder can either be diluted in a smaller quantity of warm water, or give the baby several meals. But parents should remember that it is necessary to prepare the preparation for admission right before its use - it is strictly forbidden to store the solution in a bottle for several hours in a row! A child may not like the aroma or taste of divorced Smekty, and in this case it is advisable to make a replacement, use a softer Neosmectin.
For an adult human, the powder from one sachet must be dissolved in half a glass of warm water, gradually adding the drug to the liquid and stirring thoroughly until a homogeneous suspension is obtained.
How to take Smectum
This antidiarrhoeal drug should be consumed 3 times a day and strictly at the dosage that corresponds to the severity of the diarrhea.The Smecta course should be at least 3 and not more than 7 days.Since Smecta is an enterosorbent, the greatest therapeutic effect is achieved when using this drug between meals.But from this rule there is an exception - in the case of using Smecta for heartburn( esophagitis), it is necessary to drink the prepared suspension immediately after eating the food.
Duration of treatment and dosage Smecta absolutely does not depend on the weight or age of the patient.It is important only to consider the intensity of intoxication, the severity of intestinal infection, poisoning. The smectic dosing varies:
- 1-2 bags per 1 reception;
- 1-6 bags per day;
- from a single dose to 7 days of regular use.
Please note: because the drug in question has potent adsorbent properties, it can not be categorically taken with any other medicines at the same time, so as not to reduce the absorption of drugs.
For acute diarrhea, Smecta dosage will be as follows:
- newborn infants and up to 1 year of age - 2 packs of the drug per day for three days, then 1 packet per day until complete recovery / normalization of the stool;
- children older than one year - 4 packs per day for the first three days of the disease, then 2 packs a day until complete recovery of health;
- adults - the maximum daily amount is 6 packets.
For other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the following dosages are recommended:
- newborns and children up to 1 year of age - 1 packet per day;
- children aged 1-2 years - 1-2 packets per day;
- children older than 2 years - 2-3 packets per day;
- adults - 3 sachets per day.
Some features of Smekty
If a woman is in the period of bearing a child or lactation, then the use of Smecta is quite acceptable - the research did not reveal any negative effect of the active substance of the drug under consideration on intrauterine development of the fetus or already on the newborn, Who is breastfed .During pregnancy, Smecta can be used for bloating, heartburn or flatulence, but since it can provoke the appearance of constipation, doctors recommend not "get carried away" by the drug and limit its intake to 3 days in a row.No dosage adjustments for Smecta use during pregnancy or lactation are required.
If the drug in question is taken for a long time, a person may experience constipation.Another nuance - frequent / prolonged use of Smecta can provoke the appearance of an allergic reaction - the patient may have hives, itching of the skin, small rashes.
Please note! If Smecta is used specifically to treat diarrhea, then you need to know about one nuance - you need to drink a dose of the finished suspension 1-2 hours after eating.
The shelf-life of the medicinal product in question is 3 years after the date of manufacture, there are no specific instructions for storage of Smecta in the instruction - it is sufficient to isolate children's access to the drug and prevent a rise in temperature in the storage place above 25 degrees.
Smecta is considered one of the safest medicines.But even with these characteristics, the recommended dosages should be strictly observed so that the expected effect is achieved.If after taking 1-2 powders of the drug in question, diarrhea does not become less intense, and intestinal pain and flatulence do not disappear, this is an unconditional reason for seeking qualified medical care.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category