Aspirin - description, instruction, interesting facts
Jul 07, 2018
Aspirin is a well-known drug with antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effects.And many simply do not think about possible contraindications and even about the danger to health by taking a tablets "from the temperature."In fact, the controversy surrounding the drug under consideration is constantly disputed - it is then considered dangerous, it is considered almost a panacea for most pathologies.Table of contents:
Aspirin: official instructions for the use of
This preparation contains only one active substance, acetylsalicylic acid.Produced in tablet form, aspirin still contains corn starch and microcrystalline cellulose - they belong to auxiliary substances and do not affect the clinical picture.
Aspirin belongs to the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and has antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic effects.
Indications for use
Aspirin is effective in the treatment of symptomatic pain in muscles, joints, as well as with headache, dental and menstrual pain.
This drug helps to reduce body temperature in colds, inflammatory and / or infectious diseases in adults and adolescents.
Aspirin can be taken only by adults and children during adolescence.
Please note: should clarify the prescribing and taking of the drug in question from the attending physician - different restrictions have been defined for different countries.For example, in Russia up to 2 years, it is strictly forbidden to give aspirin at the age of 2-12 years, tablets are allowed to be consumed, but with caution and only after receiving permission from a specialist.There are countries in which aspirin is categorically banned for use by children under 13 years of age.The generally accepted limitations are age up to 15 years.
In case of pain or high body temperature, it is advisable to take 0.5-1 g of aspirin at a time.Between the methods of the drug in question should be at least 4 hours.The maximum allowable daily dosage of aspirin is 6 tablets( 3 grams).
If aspirin is taken without prescribing the doctor's prescription, then it is possible to relieve pain syndrome only 7 days in a row with this medication - further, if the condition does not improve, it is necessary to visit a doctor, undergo a checkup and get an adjustment of the treatment regimen.If aspirin is taken as a remedy with antipyretic effect, then the duration of uncontrolled use should not exceed 3 days.
A tablet of aspirin should be drunk after eating, drink plenty of water( about 200 ml).
There are two degrees of severity of an overdose - light and heavy.In the first case, the patient will receive complaints of nausea, tinnitus, short-term dizziness, and rarely confusion.Normalization of the patient's well-being will be helped by correction of the dosage - as soon as it decreases, the condition immediately improves.In some cases, it is advisable to exclude aspirin from the treatment regimen.
Severe overdose is manifested by respiratory and cardiac insufficiency, fever, metabolic acidosis, cardiogenic shock.These conditions require emergency medical care in a hospital environment - fluid loss is compensated, the patient is given activated charcoal, symptomatic therapy is performed, blood and urine tests are monitored.
Side effects of
The use of aspirin without supervision and permission from health professionals, incorrectly calculated doses can lead to the occurrence of adverse reactions.
Patients may develop nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain of unclear localization, pronounced signs of gastric bleeding( in some cases, they may be hidden), the development of iron deficiency anemia.
Central Nervous System
Tinnitus and dizziness - these disorders in the central nervous system usually arise against an overdose.
Note: The most common side effect of using aspirin in the form of bleeding is diagnosed.
Allergic reactions are considered as a side effect in case of hypersensitivity or individual intolerance of acetylsalicylic acid - hives, bronchospasm, anaphylactic shock, Quincke's edema.
When Aspirin Becomes Dangerous
So well-known to all known aspirin can be really dangerous not only for health, but for human life.Independently take the drug in question is absolutely impossible - you need to know not only the contraindications, but also the possible risks. It is absolutely contraindicated to take aspirin in the following diseases:
- gastritis of acute and chronic form with decreased / increased acidity of gastric juice;
- peptic ulcer of the duodenum and / or stomach;
- disorders of kidney and urinary system;
- kidney failure;
- pathology of the liver is inflammatory and / or infectious;
- hepatic impairment;
- heart failure, taking place in severe form;
- bronchial asthma;
- hemorrhagic diathesis;
- steadily increased blood pressure;
- enlargement of the thyroid gland;
Note : Aspirin helps to thin the blood - this ability is often used to prevent the formation of blood clots, with varicose veins and already diagnosed thrombophlebitis.But as a result of unauthorized use of the drug in question, the amount of platelets in the blood can be significantly reduced and the result will be bleeding.
Do not use aspirin as an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory or analgesic and pregnant women - this can provoke uterine bleeding and miscarriage, especially dangerous aspirin in the last months of bearing a child.But to women who are breastfeeding the baby, aspirin can be taken.But!Only in the case of medical necessity and with a temporary refusal to feed the baby with milk, if the drug is taken in large doses.
Danger of the drug under consideration and with previously diagnosed hay fever, polyps in the nasal passages and sinuses.It is not recommended to prescribe / take aspirin to children under the age of 15 years, and in some countries it is generally banned for children under 2 years.
In addition to categorical contraindications, in medicine there is such a thing as conditional limitations.For example, if aspirin is necessary for people with diagnosed gout, short-term elevation of blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, you should consult with specialists or restrict the intake of tablets.And if there is a predisposition to sore throats or a heart attack has been recorded in the recent past, it is definitely not necessary to make a decision on the use of the drug in question.
Note: when taking an aspirin tablet, do not drink it with Coca-Cola or coffee - this combination provokes hyperexcitability, unmotivated irritability, can lead to unreasonable hysteria / aggression.
When Aspirin Can Save
Aspirin has a blood-thinning property - it can really save people's lives.We are talking about individuals at risk for thrombosis, early infarcts - daily intake of aspirin in small doses will reduce the risks to zero. But it should be understood that you can not use the medication alone:
- Aspirin can cause severe stomach irritation, which will trigger the development of gastritis and / or peptic ulcer.At the very beginning of their development, these diseases often occur almost asymptomatically, and the continued use of aspirin tablets only aggravates the health situation.
- If a history of bleeding of varying intensity, an uncontrolled intake of aspirin can lead to sudden, severe bleeding - the score will go for a minute.
- This drug can increase blood pressure - with thrombosis or a predisposition to them in humans, and so this indicator is characterized by a lack of stability, and regular intake of aspirin will lead to a sharp increase - the hypertensive crisis can not be avoided.
Aspirin saves from cancer!With this slogan were British scientists who conducted an experiment on 25 thousand participants - they for 4 years daily took a small dose of aspirin( 57 mg). The following conclusions were made:
- the probability of esophageal cancer decreased by 60%;
- the risk of developing bowel diseases decreased by 40%;
- the possibility of malignant neoplasms in the lungs decreased by 30%;
- the probability of diagnosing prostate cancer - by 10%.
The data have also been received that the regular intake of aspirin reduces the likelihood of a recurrence of cancer, and the particular effect of this drug on the dynamics of the course of colon cancer - the number of cancer cells decreases, the progression of the tumor stops.
At the moment, in England, another experiment is being conducted, in which 11 thousand people and 100 leading clinics will take part.Patients with already diagnosed cancer of the large intestine, esophagus, breast, stomach and prostate gland were selected.The experiment is designed for 12 years, during which the results of taking 5-year-olds of one group of patients of aspirin, and the second - of placebo will be compared.It is very important to find out the effect of the drug in question on the development of relapses of oncological diseases. It is believed that secondary cancer is treated much harder and more difficult, so the results of the experiment can significantly alleviate the fate of cancer patients.
Aspirin, so famous and seemingly safe, can really become a "discovery" in oncology.But with all its advantages, one can not exclude the danger to human health / life - this can lead to uncontrolled intake of aspirin, too much daily dosage, lack of advice / permission from the treating doctor.
Yana Tsygankova, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category.