Claritin: instruction manual for children and adults, analogues
Jul 07, 2018
In the three most common diseases of the world - an allergy.Manifesting a rash, stuffy nose or rarely swelling, it does not all cause fear, but in vain.In extreme cases, in the absence of qualified medical care, an allergic reaction can lead to death.One of the most effective drugs that are used to combat its manifestations is Claritin.Effective and safe, it is suitable for the treatment and prevention of adults and children.Table of Contents: General Information Forms of Indication Indications Dosing and Administration Method Claritin during pregnancy Side effects Claritin Analogs Claritin Storage conditions and dates Special instructions
Produced by Claritin by SCHERING-PLOUGH LABO N.V.The drug has a pronounced:
- by antipruritic actions.
The mechanism of its effect on the body is simple: it blocks histamine receptors, and already half an hour after ingestion, while retaining the curative effect for up to 24 hours.
Claritin acts solely on histamine receptors, preventing the initiation of reactions that lead to the development of allergic manifestations.In view of the fact that after getting inside some reactions are already running, the patient may feel an itch or constantly sneeze for a while.Meanwhile, thanks to him, these signs quickly pass and there comes a relief.
The main advantages of Claritin are its versatility, since it is prescribed even for diseases accompanied by allergic reactions - bronchitis, bronchial asthma, and lack of sedation.Unlike medications of the previous generation, for example, Suprastin, it does not affect the histamine receptors of the central nervous system, so it does not cause drowsiness and inhibition of reactions.
Claritin also eliminates skin hyperemia, strengthens the strength of the vessel walls.
Forms of release
You can buy Claritin in tablets or in syrup.In both forms, the active substance is loratadine.In one tablet - 10 mg loratadine, and in 1 ml syrup - 1 mg.
You can find the tablets by an unusual oval shape and a specific sign in the form of a bulb or bowl on one side.The manufacturer recommends using this symbol to avoid the risk of forgery.For ease of separation, the tablets have a dash in the middle.
Syrup is a clear, sometimes yellowish liquid and is most commonly prescribed for the treatment of children.
Important! In the composition of tablets and syrup, in addition to the active ingredient, only components that are not capable of affecting the links of the allergic reactions of are contained.
Claritin is used in the treatment and prevention:
- seasonal allergies, which are manifested by rhinitis, conjunctivitis, pollen - reaction to pollen of plants;
- is an allergic rhinitis that persists throughout the year;
- chronic urticaria;
- skin lesions that are allergic - dermatitis, eczema;
- edema of various etymologies, including Quincke's edema;
- allergies to insect bites;
- pseudoallergia, triggered by ingestion of histamine-liberators - strawberries, chocolate, cocoa, tomatoes.
An allergic reaction is characterized by several symptoms that effectively eliminate the drug. We are talking about:
- of nasal congestion;
- swelling of mucous membranes and skin;
- burning sensation in the eyes;
Method of reception and dose
There are no recommendations regarding the time of drug use.Tablets or syrup are drunk at the time of signs of allergies, regardless of food intake.Drink them preferably with clean water.
Important! Dosage should be prescribed by a qualified specialist, taking into account the age and the presence of chronic diseases in humans.
Usually, children under 3 years of age are prescribed syrup, and older children receive pills.And to give Claritin before the child reaches 2 years of age is not recommended.Take the drug once a day at the same time. The child's dosage is determined by the body weight and is calculated according to one of two formulas:
- If the body weight of the baby has not reached 30 kg, prescribe 5 mg of Claritin - this is 1 measuring or teaspoon or half a tablet.
- If the body weight is more than 30 kg, prescribe 10 mg of Claritin, respectively, 2 spoons or a whole tablet.
Please note! Sometimes a pediatrician can recommend 10 mg of Claritin at a time to a child who does not gain 30 kg, once every 2 days.Breastfeeding in extreme cases is prescribed for 1.5 ml of syrup at the age of 12 months and 3 ml of syrup at the age of 2 years to eliminate signs of allergy.
Children who have reached the age of 12 and adults are prescribed a drug in the form of tablets that are taken one at a time at the same time.The only exception is people suffering from liver disease or kidney failure.They are recommended to take 1 tablet 1 time in 2 days or half a tablet every day.
The course of treatment is determined by the severity of symptoms and usually ranges from 7 to 14 days.When taking Claritin as a prophylactic, it can be prolonged for a month or more, but only after consulting a specialist.
Important! At least 2 days before the allergy test, it is recommended to stop taking the drug in order to avoid false results.
No accurate data on the effect of the active substance of the drug on the fetus yet.The experiments were conducted only with the participation of animals and showed no negative effects.On their basis, the doctor can prescribe to a pregnant woman Claritin, but only if the benefit of taking it exceeds the possible harm.
It is also worth noting that the drug enters breast milk, and in it its concentration remains high enough, as in blood.In this regard, it is not prescribed during lactation.
Side effects of
In children and adults after Claritin administration, the following can be noted:
- increased fatigue;
- dry mouth;
- heart palpitations;
- hair loss;
- violations of the liver.
Most often, these signs are the result of an overdose - intake of more than 40 mg of loratadine at a time.In addition, the children may additionally exhibit muscle tone disorders, twitching or twisting of the lips, slow movements of the fingers, trembling in the body.
Medical assistance for overdose reduces to gastric lavage and intake of enterosorbents.
Replace Claritin with other drugs based on loratadine. These include:
Analogues of the preparation on the basis of other active substances:
Storage terms and conditions
Claritin is recommended to be stored in a dark place away from children, observing a suitable temperature regime: 2 - 30 C degrees.Tablets retain their properties for 4 years from the date of manufacture, syrup - for 3 years.After taking them you can not.
Despite the fact that the drug is well tolerated, when you first use it is better to give up excessive activity and do not get behind the wheel of the vehicle.Selectivity, safety, efficiency and relatively low price have made it one of the most popular medicines in more than 100 countries.Meanwhile, doctors do not advise to abuse it.For treatment of short-term allergic manifestations, a single dose is sufficient.At the same time, if it is necessary to transfer the disease to a state of remission, it may take from 3 months to a year, during which the course of treatment does not interrupt.
Claritin is a proven antiallergic drug recommended to adults and children.When the dosage is met and the frequency of admission, it quickly eliminates allergy and returns to normal.
Elena Sovinskaya, medical reviewer