Thromboembolism of cerebral vessels
Thromboembolism is not considered a separate disease, but is classified as a symptom complex that develops when a blood clot forms in a vessel or drifts a blood clot, lymph, or air in them. The most commonly diagnosed thromboembolism of cerebral vessels, which leads to strokes and death - this pathology is characterized by the rapid and sudden development of .Table of contents: Causes of development of cerebral vascular thromboembolism Symptoms of cerebral vascular thromboembolism Treatment of cerebral vascular thromboembolism Prevention of cerebral thromboembolism
Causes of development of cerebral thromboembolism
The main cause of this condition is the presence of a thrombus that broke away from the vessel wallAnd blocks the flow of blood. Doctors identify a number of risk factors that can lead to cerebral vascular thromboembolism:
- long-term use of medications, in the list of side effects of which there is an increase in blood viscosity;
- long stay in one position, followed by a sharp rise - this can happen, for example, in the postoperative period;
- steady high blood pressure;
- progressive heart failure;
- stroke in history;
- diagnosed and progressing varicose veins;
- malignant neoplasms;
According to statistics, most often the thromboembolism of cerebral vessels is diagnosed against a background of hypertension and atherosclerosis, but other risk factors "work" for 100%.
Symptoms of cerebral vascular thromboembolism
A thrombus rupture usually occurs during or after sleep.In this case, the signs of the condition under consideration are very weak, in most cases they are completely absent. If the patient is conscious, he may be noted:
- increased drowsiness;
- is somewhat stunned;
- disorientation in space.
As for neurologic symptoms, they grow very slowly, which can take several hours and several days.The manifestation of signs of thromboembolism of cerebral vessels depends on which vessel is blocked, how much the blood circulation corresponds to the norm and the degree of stroke prevalence.
Note : the condition under consideration in all cases forms a meningeal syndrome.For him, the inelasticity of the neck muscles, intolerance of light and sound stimuli, tearfulness of the patient, sensitivity disorders and local paralysis will be characteristic.
Treatment of cerebral thromboembolism
Since the condition in question is extremely severe and the risk of death is the highest, the patient's medical care is provided only in the stationary conditions.
Important! As soon as a person has had the first symptoms of cerebral thromboembolism, the ambulance team should be called immediately - even self-transporting can cause deterioration and death of the patient.Moreover, attention should be paid even to increased drowsiness in people with atherosclerosis or blood problems in an anamnesis - this symptom can become the determining factor in diagnosis.
Only the attending physician can prescribe therapy based on the patient's condition and the rate of progression of the thromboembolism of the cerebral vessels.First of all, the patient must comply with the strictest bed rest.He must appoint anticoagulants and thrombolytic drugs, antispastic agents - such a complex therapy can reduce spasm and improve blood flow.
If therapeutic measures fail to produce positive results, the patient undergoes a surgical procedure.But in fact, thromboembolism of cerebral vessels is rarely treated surgically, and therapeutic methods most often do not help - the patient dies before the arrival of the ambulance brigade due to ignoring or lack of signs of a developing pathological condition.
Prevention of cerebral thromboembolism
To prevent the development of this condition, doctors recommend not only to carry out a full treatment of existing cardiovascular diseases, but also to strengthen the immune system, lead an active life and regularly undergo preventive examinations with specialists.
Thromboembolism of cerebral vessels is a serious condition, which in most cases ends in a fatal outcome.Only timely qualified medical care can save the life of a patient and even restore blood circulation in a clogged vessel.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category