Warts: causes of appearance, types and treatment
Warts are so common in people that few people around them think about their origin.All the myths that warts appear in those who do not wash their hands and touch frogs or toads, should not even be taken seriously!In fact, warts are well studied and investigated - they have all the information, from the causes of the appearance to the methods of treatment.Table of contents:
Types of warts
In medicine, there are 4 types of warts - they all have their own characteristics and characteristics.
Wart( flat) warts
They are diagnosed relatively rarely - on average in 4% of patients, but often flat warts occur in men at a young age and in children.This type of wart differs in its small size, smooth surface and yellowish-pink color.Most often, flat( juvenile) warts are localized on the back of the hands, palms, feet, on the face and oral mucosa.In addition, flat warts can be located on the penis, in the rectum and on the cervix.
Represents papules that are soft to the touch, dark pink or brown in color, can have a thin stem.Most often this kind of warts is localized on the skin of the eyelids, in the armpits, in the groin, under the mammary glands.The magnitude of threadlike warts is variable and can range from 1-3 mm to 3 cm in diameter.Doctors say that the type of warts in question has a direct connection to the hormonal background of a person - they usually arise with diabetes, obesity, during pregnancy or menopause in women.
Simple( vulgar) warts
They are diagnosed very often - up to 70% of cases, they are often found in patients of school age.Characterized vulgar warts are uneven and keratinized surface, grayish or dark-solid color, round shape.Most common simple warts are detected on the hands, but in some cases they are localized on the face, in the corners of the mouth and even on the oral mucosa.Distinctive feature - it is always possible to distinguish one large wart( "maternal"), around which will be scattered smaller formations.If the mother's wart is correctly removed, then all the others disappear without medical intervention.
Revealed in 34% of cases, are dense formations with horny stratifications.The peculiarity of this kind of warts lies in the fact that they need to be differentiated from syphilitic papules of feet, calluses and callousness - it is necessary to turn to a specialist.If the patient suffers from excessive sweating, the palmar-plantar warts very quickly spread, when walking they cause intense pain syndrome.
Causes of warts
Neither frogs nor untidiness of the person are the cause of the appearance of warts!From a medical point of view, everything is explained very simply: the causative agent is the human papillomavirus, which is transmitted by contact from people or animals.And, for infection it is not necessary the presence of symptoms of the human papilloma virus - it can be infected, but it does not appear outwardly.Recommended to read:
Another type of infection is self-infection.This can be observed when there are warts on the tissues around the nail plates - it is a person who has a habit of gnawing at the nails or biting the skin around the nail.Often there are warts on the face after hair removal or shaving.
Please note: for the rapid penetration of human papillomavirus infection is sufficient only for a small skin injury.Often infection occurs in swimming pools, open water bodies, baths, gyms - places of large concentrations of people.
Treatment of warts
There are many methods of treating warts, but experts recommend using an integrated approach.
Carried out only under the supervision of a doctor and in a medical institution. Specialists destroy wart growths by the following methods:
- laser therapy;
These three methods can be combined among themselves, their use is possible simultaneously with specific drugs.Such surgical treatment gives a complete cure for warts in 55-90% of cases.Unfortunately, there are often recurrences of the disease.
In pharmacies, you can find quite a lot of medicines that can and should be used to get rid of warts.Below are the most common, affordable and effective tools.
Can be used to remove palmar-plantar, filamentous and common warts.The formulation contains meta-cresol and phenol.
How to use: gently, with the supplied applicator, apply the product exactly on the wart.If the formation is small, then it will be enough to process it 1 time, and large warts( from 1 cm in diameter) will have to be treated 3-4 times.The maximum number of treatments is 5 times.
Please note: should never allow Verrukacid to get on a healthy skin - this can cause severe burns.To prevent this development, you need to grease the skin around the wart with any fat cream.
This drug acts as a cryodestruction, only at home.Cryopharma is a spray with a coolant, the temperature of which is -57 degrees.
The applicator is attached to the spray - it is applied to the wart, the formation starts to turn white, and after a while blush.Then a blister is formed, which must be treated with antiseptic for several days.
This is an exceptionally natural product, which contains the juice of celandine, cocoa, gentian and rhododendron.Has a dark color.A distinctive feature of this tool - its use not only allows you to remove the wart, but also has an antiviral effect.
How to use: first remove the wart, then remove the keratinized top layer.Only after this, the agent is applied to the formation and held for 7-12 minutes.The course of treatment is 3 days.
This agent is a complex of various acids.It is recommended to perform the wart removal procedure under the supervision of a doctor - the risk of complications is too high.
How to apply: steam the skin, dry and rub with medical alcohol.Then the applicator should apply this product to the formation - the layer should not be too thick.It is necessary to lightly press on the already treated area - this will help the medium penetrate into the deep layers of the tissue.Now you need to closely monitor the reaction of the wart: if there is no discoloration of the treated area, there is no explicit yellowish shade of formation, then the application of Solkoderm should be repeated.Processing stops immediately after color changes.
Over the next few days, the treated area of education will darken.To remove the mummified area of the skin, after the bath( steaming), treat the wart with alcohol.
Please note: should never be removed, ripped off the dried crust - it should fall off on its own.
To date, this tool is the most inexpensive and quite effective.
How to apply: Treat the skin around the wart with any fat cream or vegetable oil.Then 1 drop of the drug is applied to the wart.Continue treatment for three days, applying 1 drop once a day.
The product belongs to the antiviral group, it can be used to treat warts in adults and children.The gel will be effective for vulgar warts.
How to apply: The gel is applied to the warts 2 times a day for 3 weeks.
It is sold as a solution, but it is advisable to use special patches to remove the warts.
How to use: steam and dry the skin, treat the areas with salicylic alcohol.If a patch is used, it is glued to the wart and left for 2 days.Then the patch changes and so continues until the wart completely disappears.
Note: if you want to remove the plantar wart or the formation with a stratified corneum, then always first rinse the skin in water with soda and soap, then you need to try to remove the thick layer of the skin with scissors and only then you can apply / apply medicines.
About the rules and methods of treating warts in children, you will learn by watching this video review of the pediatrician, Dr. Komarovsky:
How to remove warts with folk remedies
Many experts question the effectiveness of folk remedies for removing warts, butThere is evidence that they also help.To use them or not, each patient must decide individually.The most common folk remedies against warts are:
- Garlic with vinegar.You need to take apple cider vinegar in the amount of 0, 5 cups, add 4 cloves of garlic in crushed form and let the mixture infuse for 15 days.Then, the resulting remedy wipe the wart every day.
- Onions.One head of onions is cut, half is poured with vinegar essence for 2 hours.Then this bulb should be applied to the problem site( to the wart directly) and bandage, leave for the night.
- Garlic, lard and vinegar.1 teaspoon of chopped garlic mixed with as much melted lard and add 4 teaspoons of table vinegar to the mass.The prepared mixture is applied to the wart at night.
- Vinegar and flour.Mix the vinegar( apple or table) with flour in such a proportion that the output is a mushy mass.It is applied to the wart at night.
All these folk remedies will not help get rid of the wart at a time, so you need to have patience - it takes 2-3 days to remove one wart.
Doctors insist that the treatment of warts should be carried out in a medical institution.First, warts should be diagnosed - some kinds of such formations must necessarily be differentiated from other skin diseases.Secondly, when treating with specific drugs, extreme caution is necessary - burns, pathological lesions of healthy skin are quite real.Thirdly, it will be necessary to select a truly effective means of local administration, prescribe antiviral drugs, it may be necessary immunomodulators.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category