Diet for enteritis: principles, an approximate menu for the day, do's and don'ts, a list of drinks and foods
Enteritis has several varieties (depending on the site of localization), but in the overwhelming majority of cases, the entire small intestine becomes inflamed. The pathological process is accompanied by abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and other unpleasant symptoms. Depending on the severity of the inflammation, the disease can be treated either at home or in a hospital. An invariable component of treatment is a diet for enteritis.
- 1 Diet principles for enteritis
- 2 What can not be eaten with enteritis
- 3 What can you eat with enteritis
- 4 Drinks allowed for enteritis
- 5 Sample menu for a day in case of illness
Diet principles for enteritis
Diet principles for enteritis are to remove toxins from the body and help the intestines to establish its digestive function. In addition, it is necessary to restore the damaged mucous membrane and normalize the intestinal microflora.
To do this, you should exclude all irritating mucous food - too hot or cold, chemically and mechanically merciless. Avoid foods that stimulate intestinal motility and may cause increased diarrhea.
In an acute period, when a person vomits almost all the time and is worried about frequent diarrhea, hunger is shown at all. After a few days, if it is possible to stop the symptoms of the disease, food is gradually introduced into the menu.
Diet with chronic enteritis appointed for life, while maintaining a ban on products that enhance fermentation processes. Anything that irritates the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract is excluded. The principles of proper and rational nutrition are taken as a basis, which will help provide the body with everything it needs and prevent a possible relapse.
What can not be eaten with enteritis
The enteritis diet prohibits any unhealthy food:
- fast food;
- semi-finished products;
- canned food;
- products in vacuum packaging.
Food should be prepared on your own and you should eat it often, but little by little, that is, fractional meals are provided 5-6 times a day. To provoke diarrhea and bloating, intestinal cramps can:
- black, especially bran bread;
- dried fruits;
- fresh vegetables and fruits.
Therefore, they should be abandoned during the diet, especially at first.
Observing the principles of mechanical and chemical sparing, it is necessary to remove from the menu:
- fresh pastries and pastries;
- Whole cuts of meat, especially fried ones such as kebabs
- smoked meats;
- fatty by-products, meat, fish.
You cannot cook rich soups and borscht in fatty broth. Radish, radish, sorrel, other sour vegetables and gifts of nature have no place in the menu of a person suffering from enteritis.
What else does the diet prohibit:
- any carbonated drinks;
- dairy products, especially milk;
- fried foods;
- sweets, except for biscuit and oatmeal cookies, bread croutons;
- marinades, sauces, ketchup, mayonnaise;
- coffee, strong tea;
- spicy foods;
- seeds, nuts;
- spices, herbs, especially hot ones.
What can you eat with enteritis
In the exacerbation phase, hunger is shown with adherence to the drinking regimen. Diarrhea and vomiting cause the body to lose a lot of fluids, which is why prevention is so important. dehydration, little by little, little by little drinking plain or mineral water of low mineralization without gas.
It is useful to dilute "Regidron" according to the instructions, and drink fractionally during the day. Once the diarrhea and vomiting have subsided, you can start eating often, but in small portions.
At the beginning of the diet, you can drink rice water or light broths - fish or meat. Prepare meat first courses from lean meats - rabbit, beef, veal. At first, it is better to cook them in a secondary broth.
Subsequently, the diet menu can be expanded by adding vegetables to the first courses. It is better to cook puree soups, observing the principle of mechanical sparing. Diet for enteritis involves chopping meat into minced meat, from which you can then cook meatballs, dumplings or cutlets. Frying as a cooking method is out of the question. It is better to steam such a second dish.
Porridge, especially rice, will be of great benefit, but they should only be boiled in water, without adding milk. Boiled fish, seafood can also be present in the diet menu of a person with enteritis, but it is also better to grind them first. In the future, the diet can be expanded with boiled or stewed vegetables, casseroles, including pasta, steam omelet, baked apples.
Lovers of sweets will have a hard time, but the diet for enteritis in adults, as well as in children, does not prohibit eating honey, jam, jam. Jelly will be of particular benefit to a person, which envelops the mucous membrane of the digestive organs, calming it, relieving irritation. You can eat biscuits and oatmeal cookies, shop crackers made from a loaf. They are easy to make yourself by slicing the bread and then drying it in the oven.
Drinks allowed for enteritis
From drinks during a diet with enteritis, herbal teas, weak black or green tea, a decoction or rosehip infusion, but only weak, since a strong one can irritate the mucous membrane due to the abundance of ascorbic acid. Simple clean water, mineral, including medicinal, without gas - that's what is useful to drink with dehydration. You can prepare a saline solution yourself by pouring water into a glass and adding a pinch of salt to it, preferably sea food.
The first time to drink during the diet is necessary every 15-20 minutes, taking only two sips, otherwise you can provoke another attack of vomiting. Prevention of dehydration is especially important if the person has refused hospitalization. If the condition worsens, only droppers will help him, so it is important to replenish the loss of fluid, not to wait until it will not be possible to do without the help of doctors.
Sample menu for a day in case of illness
Here is a diet menu you can make for a person suffering from enteritis:
- For breakfast: liquid rice porridge, tea.
- Second breakfast: protein omelet with dried bread, herbal tea or rosehip infusion.
- For lunch: cauliflower soup, steamed dumplings, toasted bread.
- Afternoon snack: baked apples.
- For dinner: mashed potatoes with a slice of boiled fish.
- Before bed: tea with biscuits and marmalade.
Enteritis is a serious disease, the treatment of which largely depends on the cause that provoked it. If the state of health deteriorates, the person becomes ill, it is difficult for him to walk even to the toilet, it is necessary not to pull, but to call an ambulance and go to the hospital. In children, dehydration progresses even faster, so the child should be shown to a specialist without delay.
Have you ever followed a diet? Write your sample menu in the comments. Share the article on social networks with loved ones and save it in bookmarks so that you always have information at hand about what you can and cannot eat with enteritis.
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