Frequent urination in women - causes and treatment
Mar 20, 2018
Disputes about how much urination per day can be considered normal, have been conducted for a long time.At the moment, the value of 6-10 urination per day is defined - this will be considered the norm for a healthy woman, if the process of urination itself is not accompanied by pain, discomfort or the need for effort.Doctors say that if the number of urination per day exceeds the number of 10 times, then this should be the reason for a visit to a medical institution - such a syndrome may indicate the development of certain pathologies.Table of contents:
Physiological increase in urination
Not always frequent urination indicates the development of any pathological processes in the body - often preceded by physiological factors. There are several types of rapid urination in women that do not require medical intervention:
- Drinking fluids, taking medications with diuretic action, eating watermelons or okroshki.A woman will have to go to the toilet frequently, but as soon as the use of the above indicated products ceases, the processes of urination and urination normalize.
- Hormonal changes in the body.Rapid urination in women can be observed during the menopause - for the elderly it is generally considered normal to visit the toilet at night( not more often 1-2 times).The same syndrome is inherent in pregnant women - firstly, all the same hormones "work", and secondly, in the last months of pregnancy the enlarged uterus begins to exert pressure on nearby organs, in particular - on the bladder.
If the syndrome under consideration arose against the background of these factors, then no treatment is required, the work of the urinary system usually quickly normalizes.But there are a number of diseases for which frequent urination is a symptom - that is why doctors recommend that you seek medical help in a timely manner.
Diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract
Usually abnormal urination, which has emerged as a symptom of developing pathology, is accompanied by other syndromes / signs of diseases - this helps the doctor to differentiate frequent urination and assign competent laboratory and instrumental studies to the patient.
CystitisRecommended to read:
This is an inflammatory process that occurs in the bladder, which is characterized by the following symptoms:
- during urination, burning and pain in the urethra appear;
- there is a constant feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder;
- increase in body temperature to subfebrile indicators;
- there is a non-intensive pain syndrome in the lower abdomen( in the area of the anatomical location of the inflamed organ).
Note: if, with the above symptoms, a woman observes urine clouding and the appearance of a small amount of blood in her( enough and several "fibers"), this will indicate the development of complications of cystitis.It is necessary to immediately consult specialists for examination and the appointment of an effective treatment.
If the inflammatory process of the bladder begins to be treated on time, then there will be no consequences and complications.Usually a woman undergoes antibacterial therapy, she is prescribed antispasmodics to relieve the pain syndrome, medicines with anti-inflammatory and antiviral actions.Effective will be in the treatment of cystitis and physiotherapy, separately, doctors pay attention to the need to provide the patient with an abundant drink - the optimal choice will be the fruit drinks, broth of wild rose.
In addition to complaints of frequent urination, women develop an inflammation in the urethra( urethritis), note itching, burning, and unintentional pain immediately during urination, the most pronounced symptoms appear at the very beginning of urination, literally at the first drops.Often from the urethra of a woman may be mucus.
Note: , the inflammatory process under consideration can occur virtually asymptomatically - the described signs are so weak that women often do not seek medical help.And completely in vain - treatment of a urethritis is necessary, and, exclusively national methods in it or this will not help or assist.
Doctors diagnose urethritis in a woman in two stages:
- The course of taking antibacterial drugs - it usually does not exceed 5 days.
- Restoration of the microflora of the vagina to the limits of normal.
Absolutely every patient with a diagnosis of urethritis will need to strengthen her own immunity.
PyelonephritisRecommended to read:
Doctors share the inflammatory process in the kidney tissues for acute and chronic pyelonephritis.Rapid urination in women is almost always associated with chronic pyelonephritis, this symptom is accompanied by periodically arising pains in the lumbar region of the aching, dull character.If the disease in question affects just two kidneys, it is often diagnosed and hypertension - steadily increased blood pressure.
If the chronic pyelonephritis passes into the stage of exacerbation, then the woman exhibits symptoms inherent in the acute course of the disease:
- sudden rise in temperature to critical values;
- nausea and vomiting;
- intense low back pain;
- in the urine appears pus and blood.
Treatment of pyelonephritis proceeding in chronic form will be prolonged and should be prescribed only by a specialist. Typically, the therapy is as follows:
- course of taking antibacterial drugs( antibiotics);
- use of antispasmodics and other pain medications;
- reception of specific renal dues.
For women with diagnosed chronic pyelonephritis, doctors are strongly recommended to undergo sanatorium treatment.
UrolithiasisWe recommend to read:
In case of urolithiasis, stones can be located in any part of the urinary system, but frequent urination will be present only in that case.If the stone has a localization in the bladder. A woman will then complain about the following symptoms:
- a sudden urge to urinate in any physical activity - from intense walking to training simulators;
- urine stream during urination can abruptly stop, but the feeling of fullness of the bladder does not go anywhere;
- pains in the lower abdomen with characteristic localization in the suprapubic region.
Treatment of urolithiasis begins with a full examination of the patient to establish the size and type of the stone.Then the doctor can prescribe medication and a diet.In most cases, urolithiasis involves surgery to remove stones.
Many believe that frequent urination is a sign of the development of the pathology of the urinary / urinary system.In fact, there are a number of gynecological diseases for which the condition in question is a characteristic symptom.
Omission of the uterus
This disease is involved only if, due to various reasons, the anatomical disposition of the uterus has shifted.This can happen due to weakening of the muscles and ligaments of the pelvic floor, which keep the uterus in a normal position.Rapid urination in a woman appears at the time of a strong dislocation of the uterus, when she begins to exert pressure on nearby organs.Usually, before the appearance of this symptom, the woman also notes other symptoms of uterus prolapse - for example, pulling pains in the lower abdomen, spotting from the vagina, violation of the menstrual cycle.
Treatment of uterine dysfunction should be carried out only under the supervision of a medical professional - the doctor will be able to assess the patient's condition and choose the tactics individually.It depends on how much the uterine ovulation has strongly occurred, whether there are concomitant gynecological diseases or pathological processes in the organs of the abdominal cavity and small pelvis.As a rule, doctors prescribe therapeutic treatment - it will be comprehensive and long-lasting.Within the framework of this type of treatment, hormonal therapy is performed, therapeutic gymnastics is prescribed, a woman is strengthened with immunity.In some cases, surgical intervention is indicated - for example, when the uterus is started, no treatment has been performed before, or the therapy has not given positive dynamics, the uterus falls out.
Myoma of the uterus
This is a benign tumor that is located in the muscular tissues of the uterus.For a long time the disease is asymptomatic, so frequent urination in women is noted if the uterine myoma has already acquired a sufficiently large size.Of course, before the appearance of the syndrome in question a woman will be disturbed by violations of the menstrual cycle, and recurrent pains in the lower abdomen, and lack of sexual desire, but the ladies rarely seek medical help at this stage.
Treatment of uterine fibroids can be carried out in two ways - therapeutic and surgical.In the first case, the patient will be prescribed drugs from the group of hormones that will help stop the growth of a benign tumor.Surgical intervention involves the removal of either the myoma or the entire hollow organ - the decision is made by the doctor.
In this case, it is a question of diabetes - frequent urination in women is usually one of the main symptoms of the considered pathological conditions.
It develops as a consequence of violations of carbohydrate metabolism in the body.Increased urination at night is the first sign of the development of diabetes mellitus.It is noted that in the same period the patient starts to be troubled by strong thirst, constant dryness in the mouth - this forces to consume a large amount of liquid, which certainly leads to an increase in the amount of excreted urine. In addition, women notice the following symptoms:
- vulval itching;
- development of vulvovaginitis for no apparent reason;
- decrease in the regenerative abilities of the body - for example, even small wounds on the skin heal very long;
- decreased performance, general weakness.
Treatment of diabetes is prescribed by a doctor endocrinologist and therapist.It consists in respecting the diet, getting rid of extra pounds of weight.In this case, the patient is constantly monitored - if the blood glucose level remains very high during 3-6 months, the condition of the woman does not improve, then doctors can recommend the intake of sugar-reducing drugs - insulin.
This disease is rare.Characterized by diabetes insipidus lowering the level of the hormone vasopressin.The main, and often the only, symptom of the disease in question is frequent urination at night and the allocation of too much urine.All this takes place against the background of painful thirst.
Treatment of diabetes insipidus is prescribed only by a doctor, and it is reduced, as a rule, to the use of specific drugs - the patient will have to spend the therapy for life.
Rapid urination in women may simply be due to excessive fluid intake.But often this syndrome points to the course, the progression of pathological processes in the body.Therefore, frequent urination is an occasion to undergo a preventive examination by specialists.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category