A big nose
A large nose is a cosmetic defect in appearance, in which this part of the face looks disproportionately large.The problem of a big nose can give a person a lot of psychological experiences, causing the development of a complex of inferiority and self-doubt.Modern medicine allows you to adjust the size and shape of the nose, making it more aesthetic.But in what cases is surgery really necessary?Contents: Which nose is considered large?When is the operation necessary?Who is contraindicated in rhinoplasty?How to prepare?How is rhinoplasty performed?Rehabilitation after rhinoplasty Possible complications after rhinoplasty How to accelerate recovery and avoid complications?
Which nose is considered large?
Many people, especially the fair sex, objectively assess their own appearance.Radical surgical correction of the nose is required only in cases where it actually creates a certain disharmony of the face.
Note: nose continues to grow up to about 21 years, so doing rhinoplasty surgery before reaching this age is not recommended!
The dimensions and shape of the nose depend on many factors, they can be attributed to the following:
- hereditary factor;
- suffered traumatic injuries;
- changes in the age of the patient( ptosis of the nasal tissues);
- hormonal disorders;
- skin diseases.
The dimensions of the nose are evaluated by taking into account the so-called nasal index, which is the ratio of the length and width of the body. These parameters:
- up to 70% - high and narrow nose( leptorinia);
- up to 85% - the average, the most common sizes of the nose( mesorinium);
- up to 100% - low and wide nose( hamerinia);
- more than 100% - large nose, large size( hyperhamerinia).
Important! In addition to the nose, it is also necessary to pay attention to the overall proportionality of the face.For example, on the face of a person with large features of a large nose can look very harmonious and even attractive!
When is the operation necessary?
Surgical intervention aimed at correcting the size and shape of the nose is called rhinoplasty.According to statistical data, this operation is considered the most widespread and in demand in the field of plastic surgery.Especially often, rhinoplasty is resorted to by the fair sex.
The big nose is not a pathology and does not pose a threat to human health, therefore the main indication for rhinoplasty is the discontent of the person with the size of the nose, its disproportion.
Important! Doctors do not recommend hurry with nose plasty, because, according to scientific research, a large nose prevents the penetration of dust, allergens and pathogens into the human body!
Before performing a surgical procedure, it is necessary to consult a plastic surgeon, conduct a general medical examination aimed at identifying possible contraindications to the operation!
Who is contraindicated in rhinoplasty?
Surgical correction of the large nose is not performed for patients who have the following contraindications:
- diabetes mellitus;
- herpes, flowing in active form;
- atrophic rhinitis;
- decreased blood coagulation rates( thrombocytopenia);
- renal pathology;
- skin diseases, purulent eruptions, localized in the area of the proposed surgical intervention;
- disorders in the work of the cardiovascular system;
- venereal diseases;
- infectious processes occurring in acute form;
- malignant neoplasm;
- disorders in the functioning of the central nervous system;
- period of exacerbation of diseases in the chronic stage.
Rhinoplasty is contraindicated in women who are expecting the baby to come into the world, and breast-feeding mothers!You can not perform surgery and the fair sex during menstruation, as this is fraught with risks of bleeding and a prolonged recovery period!
How to prepare?
Preparation for the plasty of the nose begins with a visit to the plastic surgeon's office.With the help of special computer equipment, the specialist models the shape and size of the nose that will be obtained as a result of the surgical procedure and coordinates them with the patient.
The following types of diagnostic tests are then assigned to the patient:
- laboratory tests of urine and blood;
- CT of the paranasal sinuses.
After the examination, the doctor determines the most optimal and safe way for the patient to conduct plastic.The period of preparation for the surgical intervention is about 2 weeks. At this time, the patient must strictly adhere to the following recommendations of specialists:
- refrain from using anticoagulants and drugs that affect blood pressure;
- do not smoke;
- do not consume alcoholic beverages;
- to refuse from sunbathing and visiting the solarium.
Note: The day before the operation, the patient must comply with the diet, eat moderately, in small portions, preferring light food( vegetables, fruits, sour-milk products).
The last meal should be no later than 8 hours before the surgery.Drinking on the day of surgery is also not possible!
How is rhinoplasty performed?
Rhinoplasty is performed exclusively under the influence of anesthesia, so the patient does not experience unpleasant, painful sensations.
Surgical intervention can be performed either in an open manner( on the back of the nose) or closed( through the nostrils of the patient).The first variant of the operation is considered more complicated and traumatic, and therefore is recommended only with pronounced nasal deformities, with concomitant curvature.
Surgical intervention is performed in several stages:
- application of surgical incisions;
- carrying out the necessary correction;
Typically, the duration of the nose correction operation is about 1.5-2 hours.
Rehabilitation after rhinoplasty
The recovery period after a rhinoplasty is about 2 weeks.
Important! The patient must be in the clinic under supervision of qualified specialists for the first two days after the surgical intervention!
Special fixing tampons are inserted into the nasal passages of the patient, and a plaster bandage is applied to the nose, which is removed after approximately 1.5 weeks.All these measures can bring a lot of discomfort and hamper the respiratory process!
In addition, in the first days after surgery, the patient may experience the following unpleasant symptoms:
- increased body temperature;
- general weakness;
- nasal bleeding;
- congestion of the nose.
As a rule, these manifestations pass by themselves within a week.Removing pain can be with pain medication.To prevent the development of infectious complications, patients are often prescribed a course of antibiotic therapy.
For the first few days of the post-operation period, the patient must be kept bed rest and follow the advice of specialists:
- to sleep with a raised head;
- to eat exclusively liquid food, room temperature;
- several times during the day to clean the nasal passages with the help of special antiseptic solutions;
- massage the nose, in order to reduce swelling;
- make furatsilinovye lotions on the nasal wings.
Possible complications after rhinoplasty
Surgery to correct the size of the nose can trigger the development of the following highly undesirable complications:
- allergic reactions;
- divergence of seams;
- toxic shock;
- impairment of the olfactory function;
- atrophic lesions of nasal cartilage;
- tissue necrosis;
- infectious processes;
- formation of bone calluses;
- warping and deformation of the nose.
Note: according to statistical data, postoperative complications are observed only in 10% of patients undergoing rhinoplasty!
In case of such manifestations, you should urgently seek medical help!In some cases, repeated rhinoplasty may be required.
Important! Substantially reduce the risks of development of characteristic complications will help to conscientiously prepare for rhinoplasty and follow the recommendations of specialists during the recovery period!
How to speed recovery and avoid complications?
To speed up the recovery process after rhinoplasty and prevent the emergence of unwanted complications, patients should adhere to the following recommendations of specialists:
- to refrain from smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages( at least for a month);
- avoid excessive physical exertion;
- refuse to visit the sauna, sauna, solarium and swimming pools;
- do not use cosmetics;
- avoid overheating and hypothermia of the body.
Special attention should be paid to nutrition issues.To eat in the post-operation period is recommended often and in small portions, preferring light and soft food, preferably boiled or cooked for a couple.It is important to observe the drinking regime, drinking at least 2 liters of liquid throughout the day!Avoid the use of sugar, salt, sweets, fried, fatty and spicy dishes, coffee and carbonated drinks.
Subject to the above recommendations, after a couple of weeks a person comes back to normal and can return to work!
The plastic surgeon will make your spout elegant, neat and proportionate to other facial features!
Совинская Елена, medical reviewer