Hawthorn: useful properties, indications and contraindications
Mar 25, 2018
Hawthorn is a genus of deciduous shrubs and small trees, which are ranked among the Rosy family.The plant, whose age can reach 300 years, is widespread in Eurasia, mainly in the territory between 30 ° and 60 ° N.The unpretentious bush is found in the woodlands, on the fringes and glades.Hawthorn is an excellent honey.The fruit( berries) of a plant known in the people as well as "cock's spur", "lady" and "glard", can be eaten.There are 15 species on the territory of our country.
Since ancient times, traditional healers have attached special importance to the properties of Hawthorn.In Chinese medicine, berries began to be used as a remedy several thousand years ago.In Russia, from the flowers and fruits of a unique shrub, healers also have long been curative medicinal drugs for the treatment of a variety of diseases.During the reign of the great reformer Peter I, the medicinal properties of the Hawthorn were officially recognized, the plant was added to a special register and cultivated in the "pharmacy gardens" established by the state order.
In modern official medicine, Hawthorn is used blood-red, Altaic spiny, small-fruited, one-bump and some other species, sometimes quite different from each other.
Most of them have spines, which, for example, in Hawthorn large-fruited can reach 12 cm in length.Small bush flowers have a white or pink color.The period of spring flowering is very short - it lasts only a few days.Fruiting shrubs for about two months( annually or a year, depending on the type and condition of growth).On it ripen spherical or oblong berries of red, orange, yellow or black color.
Fruits are harvested in September and October, certainly in dry weather.For harvesting, only fully bloomed flowers are collected, which must be carefully cut off with a small fragment of the stem.It is advisable to collect in the morning, but after complete drying of the dew.
Useful substances present in Hawthorn
The following biologically active substances were found in fruits and flowers:
- bioflavonoids( plant polyphenolic compounds);
- tanning agents;
- sugar( fructose);
- organic acids;
- vitamins - β-carotene( provitamin A), C, E and K;
- microelements( potassium, zinc, iron, manganese, magnesium, zinc).
Useful properties of Hawthorn
Berries and Hawthorn flowers are characterized by a wide range of useful properties.The phytopreparations made on the basis of these drugs are prescribed to prevent and treat pathologies of the cardiovascular system, to stabilize blood pressure, improve the work of the digestive system, and also to improve the activity of the nervous system.They allow you to deal with the consequences of psychoemotional stress and stress, providing a calming( sedative) effect and normalizing sleep.Hawthorn helps with diarrhea and dysentery.
Bioflavonoids, giving the fruit a bright color, increase the elasticity of the walls of blood vessels and have a strong antioxidant effect.Quercetin neutralizes the negative effects of free radicals at the cellular level, improves cerebral( cerebral) circulation, reduces the risk of benign and malignant neoplasms and the development of cataracts.
Hyperoside stimulates carbohydrate metabolism and promotes the intake of potassium oxygen in the myocardium, improving its contractility.Vitexin dilates the vessels, providing normal oxygenation of the myocardium, which significantly improves the metabolism in the heart muscle.
Chlorogenic acid is characterized by antisclerotic activity;In addition, it prevents bile congestion and increases the functional activity of the kidneys and liver.Ursolovaya has anti-inflammatory and reparative( wound-healing) properties.For coffee acid, pronounced antiseptic( antibacterial) properties are characteristic.Oleanolic has a positive effect on the blood supply of the central nervous system.
The level of ascorbic acid content Hawthorn can compete with the hips, and according to the beta-carotene, which is useful for sight, with carrots.The available sorbitol in fruits is useful for people suffering from diabetes mellitus.
Hawthorn preparations improve the contractility of the myocardium and increase the volume of cardiac output, while reducing the frequency of contractions.Under the influence of these phytopreparations, the coronary and cerebral blood flow significantly improves, which prevents the development of heart attacks and ischemic strokes.Hawthorn is useful for spasms of vessels, atrial fibrillation, bleeding disorders and increased cholesterol levels.
Water infusions and alcohol tinctures of Hawthorn are indicated for gastritis against a background of decreased or increased acidity of the stomach, flatulence and various digestive disorders.
Drugs are almost safe, so they can be prescribed even for the treatment of a child.The general strengthening effect of Hawthorn helps to quickly improve immunity, restore strength and accelerate the healing process after the diseases.The sedative effect allows you to cope with the consequences of nervous overexertion and sleep disorders.Infusions and decoctions of plant flowers contribute to getting rid of headache, dizziness and shortness of breath.
When should I apply Hawthorn?
Note: In pharmacy chains, you can purchase dried fruits and flowers, as well as Hawthorn extract, ready-made hawthorn tincture and resorption tablets.
Indications for the use of agents based on this medicinal plant are:
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- arterial hypertension( high blood pressure);
- nervous overwork;
- digestive disorders;
- liver pathology;
- some kidney pathologies;
- spasms of blood vessels;
- spasms of smooth musculature;
- hyperthyroidism( hyperthyroidism);
- shortness of breath;
- pain in the heart area ;
- cardiac edema;
- headaches of vascular genesis;
- bile stasis;
- increased urination;
- urinary diversion abnormalities;
- viral infections( herpetic lesions);
- muscle pain( myalgia);
- ulcerative lesions of the digestive system( in particular - gastric ulcer);
- intoxication( with poisoning);
- renal colic;
- fungal skin diseases( dermatomycosis);
- some hematologic diseases( blood diseases);
- inadequate production of breast milk;
- elevated blood cholesterol level( for the prevention of coronary heart disease and the formation of atherosclerotic plaques).
Important: With increased pressure, flower preparations are more effective.
When poisoning is very good, tea, which includes dried Hawthorn berries, rose hips, tansy flowers, as well as the roots of elecampane and the skullcap of Baikal.Healing drink allows you to remove from the body of toxic compounds in the shortest possible time.
Several popular Hawthorn recipes
Recipe for water infusion of hawthorn, recommended for neuroses and increased pressure
For 4 parts of dried Hawthorn berries take 4 parts of the motherwort herb and 1 part of the chamomile flowers.1 tbsp.Spoon collection pour 200 ml of boiling water and press for 2 hours in a thermos or tightly wrapped with a towel container, then cool and drain.Take 1 tbsp.Spoon 3 times daily before meals.
Recipe for Hawthorn fruit tea from arrhythmia and angina
Add 20-30 full Hawthorn berries and a handful of rose hips to the thermos.Pour 1 liter of boiling water, close tightly and leave overnight.Take 1/3 cup 3-4 times a day for an hour before a meal.
Tincture recipe for Hawthorn flowers, shown for hypertension and angina
At 4 tbsp.Spoons of vegetable substrate take 40 ml of a 40% solution of ethyl alcohol or vodka.The container should be left in a dark place for 2-3 weeks, during which the infusion should be shaken periodically.Finished drug strain.Take 25-30 drops for 1 hour before meals, previously diluted with water.
Recipe for healing infusion for prevention and therapy Varicose veins
In the evening take 3 pieces of dry Hawthorn flowers, and 4 parts of St. John's wort herb and herbaceous motherwort.1 tbsp.Spoon the brew 200 ml of boiling water and insist all night( preferably - in a thermos).Drink 100 ml 3 times a day before eating.
Recipe: "Male" infusion for improving potency
Take 1 part of dry Hawthorn flowers and peppermint grass, 2 parts of veronica medicinal herb and 3 parts of the mountaineer of avian and kipreya( willow-tea).Pour 1 tbsp.Spoon of collecting 200 ml of boiling water and insisting for half an hour.Drink one third of the glass before eating.
Contraindications to the use of Hawthorn
The list of contraindications for Hawthorn is small.
Phytomedication on its basis can not be taken if a person has:
- individual intolerance;
- hypotension( low blood pressure).
Side effects of
Excessive intake of infusions and Hawthorn decoctions in high doses can lead to a strong reduction in blood pressure and arrhythmia.Taking medications on an empty stomach often causes vomiting, spasm of blood vessels and spasms of smooth muscles of the digestive tract.
The consumption of Hawthorn berries in very large quantities can cause symptoms of mild poisoning( headaches and dyspeptic disorders).Intestinal colic often occurs if the fruit is washed down with cold water.
Hawthorn during pregnancy and lactation
For women who are preparing to become mothers, Hawthorn is an excellent source of vitamins, trace elements and other nutrients that strengthen the body.It is not recommended to apply alcohol tinctures during bearing, since ethanol even in small amounts has a pronounced toxic effect on the fetus.
During the lactation season, Hawthorn's infusions and infusions help increase the production of breast milk.
Recipe for a healthy drink for pregnant women
For 1 serving take 1 tbsp.Spoonful of saturated water infusions of Hawthorn, 2 tbsp.Spoonful of fermented milk product( kefir or ryazhenka), ½ teaspoon of natural honey and 1 banana.Mix the ingredients in a mixer.
Plisov Vladimir Alexandrovich, phyto-therapeutist