How to treat barley on the eye?
Mar 28, 2018
Barley is an acute purulent inflammation of the hair follicle or sebaceous gland of the eyelash root.The most common cause of a purulent process is staphylococcus aureus.Barley is not without reason is considered one of the most common ophthalmic diseases.Table of contents: Causes of barley appearance Barley symptoms on the eye Barley complications Barley treatment on the eye
Causes of the appearance of barley
Inflammation of the hair sack( sebaceous gland) develops when an infectious agent enters the structures of the century.Here, microorganisms begin to multiply actively.The mouth of the hair follicle( the duct of the sebaceous gland) is clogged, there is accumulation of pus in the follicle or sebaceous gland.
There are additional factors that predispose to the appearance of barley:
- Severe somatic diseases;
- Diabetes mellitus;
- Diseases of the digestive tract;
- Demodectic eyelids;
- Frequent conjunctivitis;
- Chronic blepharitis.
All of the above factors lead to a weakening of the protective properties of the organism, against which background purulent-inflammatory processes are easily activated, in particular, in the century in the form of barley.
There are internal and external barley.When the hair follicle of the eyelash or the adjacent sebaceous gland inflames, it is said about the outer barley.If the abscess is localized on the inner side of the eyelids, namely in the lobule of the meibomian gland, they speak of internal barley( meibomite).
The disease occurs in four stages:
- Stage of infiltration;
- Stage of suppuration;
- Stage of pustular abscess;
- The healing phase.
Barley has a characteristic clinical picture.At the first stage of the disease there are reddening, edema and itching of the affected century.After two or three days at the top of the swollen portion of the eyelid, a pustular yellow appears.Formed pustule can eventually open up with the expiration of pus on its own.But often you have to seek help from an ophthalmologist.Opened abscess decreases in size, within a few days from it can leak pus.A few days later, a crust forms on the site of the abscess, and the skin gradually heals.
Sometimes there are several pustules on one or even both eyes.The disease can be accompanied by a deterioration in the patient's well-being, expressed in the form of fever, headache, and lymph node enlargement.
The first signs of internal barley are reddening and swelling of the inner surface of the eyelid.Because of irritation of the conjunctiva, itching appears, as well as the sensation of a foreign body in the eye.As the edema increases, the swelling of the eyelids becomes more noticeable.
After a couple of days, an abscess forms in the site of inflammation, which can be opened by itself.The danger lies in the fact that when the inner barley is opened, pus penetrates the conjunctival sac and provokes the development of conjunctivitis.Meibomite flows more heavily than the outer barley, with a greater risk of complications.Therefore, when an internal barley appears, you must visit an ophthalmologist.
Complications of barley
The outcome of the disease primarily depends on the state of the immune system.So, barley often disappears without active treatment. In other cases, barley causes all kinds of complications, such as:
- Relapses of barley;
- Purulent conjunctivitis;
- Halyazion( formation of a cyst in place of sebaceous glands);
- of the orbital phlegmon;
- Cavernous sinus thrombosis;
- Vascular thrombophlebitis;
Ophthalmic phlegmon is a purulent inflammation of the cellular tissue of the eye's orbit.To suspect development of phlegmon allow pronounced edema of eyelids and conjunctiva, the eye becomes red.It can be observed protrusion of the eyeball, restriction of its mobility, lowering of the lower eyelid.
The patient is concerned about severe pain in the affected eye, fever, chills, weakness, and poor eyesight.In the absence of treatment, a purulent process can spread to the meninges with the development of meningitis or sepsis may develop.
Thrombosis( clot obstruction) of the cavernous sinus entails a violation of the outflow of blood and fluid from the orbit.As a result, there is a protrusion of the eyeball, its redness, swelling and cyanosis of the eyelids.The patient is disturbed by severe eye and headache, deterioration of vision.
If the infection from the pustule spreads into the vessels of the eye, thrombophlebitis of the vessels of the eye develops.To suspect this condition will allow such symptoms as redness of the eye due to dilated vessels, hemorrhages, deterioration of vision.
Treatment of barley on the eye
In some cases, the cyst with barley is opened by itself.If this does not happen, do not try to squeeze out the abscess on your own.This can lead to the spread of infection and the occurrence of serious complications.The pustule is removed only by an ophthalmologist. Also in the treatment of barley, ophthalmologists use the following medicines:
- Anti-inflammatory agents in the form of ointments: Maxitrol, Maxiex.
- Antibacterial agents in the form of ointments, drops: gentamicin, tetracycline ointment, Tobrex, Floxal, Picloxidine.Sometimes antibiotics are prescribed inside.
- Antiseptic: 5% iodine solution, 70% alcohol solution, 1% brilliant green solution.
Traditional barley treatment tools
For the treatment of barley, plant remedies can be used that have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects.So, for the treatment of the disease, aloe was used for a long time.It is necessary to take an aloe leaf, grind it and pour a glass of boiled water at room temperature.The product should be infused for several hours.In the infusion, you need to dip gauze, squeeze it, and then attach it to the affected area of the century.
You can apply a decoction of marigold.For its preparation you need to pour ten grams of calendula flowers into a saucepan and pour a glass of water.The broth should be brought to a boil, wait ten minutes, and then remove the pan from the plate.The prepared preparation should be infused for an hour.To treat barley, you need to moisten the cotton disc in the infusion, and then attach it to the affected eyelid.Manipulation should be repeated two or three times a day.
It is widely known for its anti-inflammatory effect of chamomile.To prepare a remedy for barley, you need to take two tablespoons of chamomile and ovary, pour a glass of boiling water and cover.When the broth cools down, you need to moisten the cotton pad in it, squeeze it slightly and apply it to the eyelid.
Grigorova Valeria, medical reviewer