Frozen tooth: all that patients need to know
An important stage in the treatment of teeth is their anesthesia, which simultaneously facilitates the work of a specialist and reduces the intensity of unpleasant sensations for the patient.Frozen teeth - this is not a medical term, so people call anesthesia / anesthesia of the tooth.Table of contents: What is the "freezing of the tooth"?Types of freezing teeth Spray for freezing teeth - what is it How much does the frost of the tooth go? How to remove frost? Frozen tooth during pregnancy? Anesthesia of teeth during breastfeeding.
What is a "freezing tooth"?
In stomatology, for the anesthesia, liquid means are used, which are injected into the soft tissues surrounding a particular tooth( the one over which it is necessary to perform therapeutic manipulations).The mechanism of action of such analgesics is based on a significant decrease in the conductivity and excitability of the nerves through which the pain impulse passes.The result of this action, the patient in the dental chair feels completely calm, does not feel pain when removing the nerve or drilling( dissecting) the tooth.
The effectiveness of anesthesia depends not only on the specific substance, but also on how much anesthetic was injected into soft tissues, how close the dentist injected it with respect to the nerve trunk.For example, if an anesthetic is given by a doctor in close proximity to the nerve, then in the future there may be constant pain along the nerve, numbness in the jaw area - it will be a matter of acquired neuralgia.
After the anesthetic begins to dissolve, the frost recedes, and the patient can begin to experience pain syndrome at the dentist's place of work.Such pain is easily removed by thermal compresses or an analgesic tablet.
Kinds of freezing teeth
Depending on what goals the dentist pursues with the administration of an anesthetic, distinguish between local and general anesthesia.General anesthesia( anesthesia) in dentistry is used only if it is necessary to treat the teeth to patients with mental disorders, neurotic disorders.It is advisable to use general anesthesia and, if necessary, to perform a large-scale intervention, or if you need to treat the teeth in children who are simply panic-stricken with such procedures.Most often, dentists use local anesthesia, which can be combined with a preliminary intake of sedatives( valerian, motherwort or peony tincture) - this combination will enhance frost.
The anesthesia of the upper jaw differs somewhat from the same procedure performed on the lower jaw. These differences are related to the structural features of the bone:
- the upper jaw has a porous structure, the analgesic drug penetrates rapidly;
- the lower jaw is characterized by a dense structure, covered with various muscle groups and ligaments, therefore it is impossible to freeze an individual / concrete tooth.
Anesthesia is performed at the exit site of the nerve trunks that go to the half of the jaw or to a clearly defined site.Often, the tooth and part of the tongue and the inner surface of the cheek are frozen, which is connected with the proximity of all nerves to each other.
Spray for freezing teeth - what is it?
Anesthesia can be different in depth of action, this feature distinguishes between injecting and application anesthesia.Instead of injecting a syringe to freeze, various gels and / or sprays can be used.Such tools dentists apply to the gum or cheek, after 4 minutes the maximum analgesic effect will be achieved.
What you should know about application pain relief:
- When using a spray or gel, only the upper layer of the mucous membrane is frozen, if you need to insert a needle deep into soft tissues, the patient will still have unpleasant sensations.
- It is absolutely forbidden to use a frost spray in children( up to 5 years), and similar analgesics are contraindicated for patients with a history of lung disease( in particular, bronchial asthma).
- Anesthetic sprays and gels are actively used in the treatment of gums, for the anesthetization of ulcerative and / or erosive formations of the oral cavity with progressive stomatitis.
How much freezes the tooth
The agent, which is applied for analgesia on the gum or cheek, continues to act for only a few minutes.If an anesthetic injection is made to treat the teeth on the upper jaw, then the numbness will persist for an average of one and a half to two hours. This time interval is quite variable and depends on two factors:
- at what depth the analgesic agent was injected;
- individual characteristics of the patient's body - age, metabolic rate, liver or kidney function.
The action of freezing teeth on the lower jaw can last up to 4 hours, maybe longer - it all depends on which tooth the dentist needs to anesthetize( the further it is located, the greater the dose of anesthetic will be injected) and how the organism actively removes the medicinalfacilities.
Note: The effect of anesthesia in different people will differ in duration, but if the frost does not disappear within 24 hours, then you need to seek medical help from your dentist .
How to remove frost
Dentists recommend after applying dental treatment to apply warm compresses to the area of numbness.You can not warm your cheek if you have a tooth removed, but apply a heated shawl( for example, it can be ironed with a hot iron) is quite acceptable.The result of this heating will be the dilatation of the blood vessels, which will result in the rapid removal of the injected anesthetic drug.
No drugs to take off the frost, you can not get rid of numbness.In this case, to ease the patient's condition and speed up the recovery process will help only heat.
Frozen tooth during pregnancy
Dentists strongly recommend that the teeth be treated at the planning stage of pregnancy, before the onset of conception.If there is a need to treat the teeth, then go to the dentist is best in the second trimester of pregnancy.Of course, if the situation is critical, the doctor will provide the necessary medical care, but in this case there will be certain risks related to the fetal development of the fetus.
Frozen teeth to a pregnant woman are performed using the most modern medicines, in which there is no adrenaline - this substance can cause a significant increase in blood pressure and uterine contraction.Dental treatment during pregnancy is carried out using exclusively non-toxic medications, dentists prefer to avoid traumatic interference, and some complicated procedures are carried out in a hospital( the patient will be under constant medical supervision, she will be provided with first aid if necessary).
Anesthesia of teeth during breastfeeding
Many mothers are afraid to visit a dentist and treat their teeth with anesthetic during breastfeeding.And absolutely in vain!There is nothing dangerous for the baby's health in such treatment procedures - the effect of the injected anesthetic is directed specifically at the site of the injection, it is not injected into the blood and therefore the toxicity of the drugs is minimal for the mother.Dentists recommend a nursing mother before feeding a dentist to feed the baby, prepare milk for the next feeding - thus the probability of getting an anesthetic substance in the baby's body is near zero.
Please note: must take into account allergies in the mother and baby, which may be present in the anamnesis.If there is one, then it will be necessary to apply the baby to the breast only 4 hours after the frost completely disappears.
Treatment and removal of teeth - the procedure is unpleasant, in some cases, anesthesia is not a whim of the patient, but a necessity.If the frost of the tooth was performed competently, qualitatively, then it will last several hours, and during the therapeutic manipulations the patient will not experience any unpleasant sensations at all.The use of anesthesia specifically in dentistry is very common, it begins to do to children from 3-4 years of age.It should be remembered that numb tissues are very easy to injure, even by soft objects, so dentists are recommended to start eating only after the frost completely disappears.