Hormonal failure in men: symptoms, causes and treatment
The level of hormones depends on the health of the cardiovascular and nervous system, as well as the state of bone tissue.Hormonal failure in men often causes the development of pathologies of the genitourinary system, in particular - the appearance of prostate adenoma.Functional activity of endocrine organs is one of the factors affecting life expectancy.
Important: biosynthesis of androgens occurs in the male sex glands - testicles( testicles).These hormones are necessary for the formation of secondary sexual characteristics, growth and development of muscles. The regulator of the activity of the sexual glands is the hypothalamic-pituitary system.Table of Contents: Probable causes of hormonal failure in men Symptoms of hormonal failure in men Diagnosis of hormonal failures Treatment of hormonal failure in men
Extremely high activity of endocrine glands is characteristic for the puberty period.The hormonal background in men stabilizes at the end of puberty, i.e., an average of 17-20 years and remains unchanged for about 10 years.Already from the age of 30, a significant part of the male population has a gradual decrease in the level of the most important sex hormone, testosterone.The annual decrease reaches 1.5%.
The baseline level of testosterone at the time of the completion of puberty in men is not the same.
It depends on the following factors:
- general health;
- presence or absence of chronic pathologies;
- type of sexual constitution.
Due to individual differences, some have an androgen deficiency already at a relatively young age, while in others, a very high level of testosterone is retained until old age.
Probable causes of hormonal failure in men
Among the causes leading to hormonal failure in young men are:
- congenital anomalies of endocrine glands;
- hereditary factors;
- acquired pathologies of the endocrine glands;
- acute and chronic intoxication;
- infectious diseases;
- tumor neoplasm;
- adverse environmental conditions;
- physical inactivity( insufficient physical activity);Injury to the testes
Note: to the organs of the endocrine system include the pituitary, adrenal glands, thyroid and testicles.Violation of the functional activity of any of them, one way or another, leads to hormonal failure.Important role played by the state of the kidneys and liver, because these organs are directly involved in the metabolism of androgens and their excretion from the body.
Androgen deficiency is often caused by toxic damage to the body, associated with occupational hazards, the use of certain types of household chemicals, as well as smoking, alcohol abuse and drug addiction.
Hormonal failure can cause malnutrition;Some products can reduce the production of testosterone.A big danger for men's health is a soda with synthetic dyes.
Note: in recent years specialists andrologists have started talking about the negative effect on the hormonal background of such a popular drink among men as beer.It is established that there are so-called.Phytoestrogens, which are analogs of female sex hormones.The consequence of regular consumption of beer in significant amounts are decreased libido, problems with potency and the appearance of excess fat deposits.
Regardless of age, the following factors can lead to hormonal failure:
- frequent stress;
- chronic fatigue;
- lack of sleep.
Some pharmacological agents may have a negative effect on the synthesis and metabolism of hormones.In particular, testosterone levels reduce drugs that are used to treat peptic ulcer.
Currently, the list of possible causes of hormonal disruption was added to the so-called.Bioenergetic factors, including radiation.
Testosterone levels may also decrease:
- arterial hypertension( high blood pressure);
- high heart rate( tachycardia over 80 bpm);
- increase or decrease in hemoglobin;
- decreased diuresis on the background of renal pathology;
- high bilirubin( above 25 mmol / l);
- high blood glucose level( above 7 mmol / l);
- elevated cholesterol( more than 6.5 mmol / l).
An adverse effect on the synthesis of androgens has an overheating of the testes.They function normally at a temperature of the order of 33.5 ° C.Wearing a man clothes not by the weather( warm underwear at a plus temperature) is one of the factors leading to hormonal failure.
In elderly people, the decrease in testosterone levels in the body is a consequence of the natural aging processes, against which the functional activity of the sexual glands is reduced.The balance of sex hormones varies( the proportion of women is increasing).Lack of testosterone causes obesity, and it in turn - to increase the production of leptin.The biosynthesis of this hormone proceeds in the subcutaneous fat layer.Leptin further inhibits the production of testosterone, and as a result, a vicious circle is formed.
Symptoms of hormonal failure in men
The following symptoms may indicate a decrease in testosterone levels:
- decreased physical endurance;
- general malaise;
- increased irritability;
- propensity to develop depression;
- panic attacks.
- reduction in muscle mass;
- abdominal obesity( excess fatty deposits in the abdomen);
- dryness and brittle hair;
- decreased elasticity of the skin;
- fragility of bones;
- myalgia( muscle pain).
One of the common signs of androgen deficiency is a decrease in sexual desire and potency.Hormonal failure can cause cardiovascular diseases in men, diabetes and nervous disorders.
In the body of a man there is not only testosterone, but also female sex hormones - estrogens.They affect sexual desire, and libido can decline not only against the background of their surplus, but also with a lack.Estrogens take a direct part in the maturation of spermatozoa, and also maintain a normal level of calcium metabolism in bone tissue.A significant part of them is formed as a result of biotransformation of testosterone( including in the liver), and a small amount is synthesized by sex glands.
Hormonal failure leads to the development of osteoporosis in man - a disease that provokes a decrease in strength of bones.
Important: knows that the hormonal background can change at different times of the day.Such fluctuations do not lead to health problems, but they affect the psychoemotional background, the degree of fatigue and sexual desire.
Diagnosis of hormonal failures
To detect violations from the hormonal background requires a thorough examination of a number of organs and systems.
The physician evaluates the neuropsychological activity, including the ability to remember and concentrate.
To identify possible pathologies of the cardiovascular system, electro- and echocardiography, ultrasound vascular scanning( Dopplerography), and lipid profile analysis are used.
To assess the functional activity of the endocrine glands, blood sugar, total testosterone, LH( gonadotropic hormone), TSH( thyroid-stimulating hormone) and SHB( globulin binding sex hormones), estradiol and prolactin should be determined.
Treatment of hormonal malfunction in men
Medical tactics are determined by the following factors:
- is the cause of hormonal imbalance;
- degree of decrease in the level of hormones;
- individual characteristics of the patient's body;
- presence of concomitant chronic pathologies.
In young people, the problem of androgen deficiency can be successfully solved by stimulating therapy.Its task is to stimulate the functional activity of the gonads.Patients are prescribed hCG( chorionic gonadotropin) according to the indications.In addition, measures are being taken to improve the functions of the liver and prostate, i.e.Organs, in which the metabolism of sex hormones.Treatment is carried out with the help of natural and synthetic drugs, and includes vitamin therapy.It is often necessary to normalize the activity of the glands of internal secretion - the thyroid gland, pituitary gland and adrenal glands.
Genetically determined diseases require hormone replacement therapy, which involves a lifetime reception of testosterone drugs by a man.A similar tactic is used with an age-related decline in the level of androgens.
Traditional medicine offers a number of natural remedies for solving the problem.
Folk remedies for increasing testosterone levels:
- celery juice( drink 2 gulps three times a day for a month);
- decoction of yarutka( drink 1 tablespoon 4 times a day);
- freshly squeezed carrot juice( take 50 ml three times a day for 4 weeks);
- decoction of the root of the yellow lily( drink 1 tablespoon 3 times daily before meals);
- tincture of ginseng( apply according to the age dosages specified in the annotation).
Important: , before using some of the listed phytomedication, it is recommended that you consult with your doctor for possible contraindications.In no case should you try to replace them with prescribed medications.Recipes of traditional medicine are effective, but should be used as auxiliary methods of treatment.
As the testosterone content normalizes, the following positive changes occur in the body:
- improves overall well-being and vitality;
- increases the ability to memorize and concentrate;
- stabilizes the psychoemotional state;
- bone tissue thickens and hardens, because calcium ceases to wash out of it;
- increases muscular tone and even increases muscle mass;
- reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes by improving the condition of the heart and blood vessels;
- facilitates the course of hypertension;
- in diabetes mellitus reduces the likelihood of complications.
Treatment of the hormonal failure itself gives a positive effect only after elimination of the factors provoking it.If the cause of the abnormality is a neoplasm, surgical intervention aimed at its removal is indicated.
To prevent hormonal failure, it is important to abandon bad habits, lead an active lifestyle, eat well and avoid stress situations whenever possible.
Vladimir Plisov, medical reviewer