The first signs of thyroid disease
- Hair loss, changes in the structure of nails and skin.If a person develops hyperthyroidism, he will necessarily complain about skin pigmentation and densification of the skin in the area of the feet and legs.And in case of development of hypothyroidism - fragility of nails, dryness and peeling of the skin.Cardinal changes in the appearance of the hair and their loss are a sign of any thyroid disease, but all of the listed changes are reversible - as soon as the health and functionality of the organ under consideration are restored, the condition of the nails, hair and skin will return to the previous level.
- Heat or chills.Constantly changing between each other, fever and chills are also a sign of thyroid diseases.The point is that if the synthesis of hormones is disturbed by the organ under consideration, the body's thermoregulation is also broken - if the level of hormones is too high, the patient will complain of a constant sensation of fever and increased sweating, but with a lowered level of thyroid hormones - a feeling of freezing and chills.
- Disorders in the functioning of the digestive system.Usually, when problems arise in the functioning of the organ in question, all organs of the gastrointestinal tract suffer, for example, the patient may develop chronic constipation or frequent diarrhea, bile stasis and insufficient activity of intestinal motility.In addition, thyroid disease can provoke the appearance of stones in the gallbladder and bile ducts.
- Fluctuations in body temperature.If the patient is progressing hypothyroidism, then his body temperature will be slightly reduced and in normal condition nothing such a manifestation does not represent.But if the infection is stable against a background of a steeply lower body temperature, you can skip its first signs, which leads to a more severe course of infection and the development of complications.With hyperthyroidism, body temperature, on the contrary, is slightly increased, a maximum - to subfebrile temperatures.
- Disorders of the menstrual cycle.Such a sign is present at too high a level of synthesized hormones, and at a lowered level.As a rule, hypothyroidism leads to scarce and rare monthly, but hyperthyroidism is characterized by too frequent menstrual bleeding, a reduction in the menstrual cycle.Virtually all women with diagnosed thyroid disorders suffer from infertility or miscarriage.
- Problems in the work of the cardiovascular system.If hypothyroidism progresses, the patient will have shortness of breath even with small physical exertions, slow heart rate, lowering of blood pressure.With the development of hyperthyroidism, on the contrary, the patient will make complaints about heart palpitations, regular increase in blood pressure, noticeable pulsations, sensations of severe pressure on the chest.If hyperthyroidism develops without control by doctors, no treatment is done, then this can lead to the development of quite serious and dangerous pathologies of the heart and blood vessels.
- Eye symptoms.It implies the appearance of blunted eyes, photophobia, lacrimation and rare blinking - these symptoms appear with pronounced hyperfunction of the thyroid gland.Patients complain of reduced visual acuity and a feeling of bursting of the eyeball.But never in the eyes there is pain syndrome - this is a sign of completely different pathologies.If the disease of the thyroid gland progresses and no treatment is performed, then the patient develops a lucid eye.
- Headaches and dizziness.With an imbalance of hormones that synthesize the thyroid gland, there are often fluctuations in blood pressure and vegetative-vascular disorders.It is these factors that provoke frequent headaches and light dizziness for no apparent reason.
- Facial swelling.When hypothyroidism, a person has irregularities in the work of the heart, and this, in turn, leads to disturbances in metabolic processes and insufficiency of blood flow - this is the cause of edema.It is noteworthy that, particularly in cases of thyroid gland disorders, swelling of the face appears only at night, and after the awakening of the patient, they themselves disappear.Nuchal swelling.
- Neck swelling.If the thyroid gland increases in size, nodes grow or tumor progresses on it, the voice will change its tone, a cough will appear, problems will arise with swallowing even of soft foods and liquids.If, on the background of these symptoms, there is an obvious swelling of the neck, then this indicates the development of any pathology of the thyroid gland - the doctor should be urgently addressed.
- Violation of potency.The thyroid gland synthesizes hormones that regulate and control the functioning of the reproductive system.Therefore, with the progression of any disruption in the functioning of the organ of the endocrine system under consideration, in men and women, sexual desire is reduced, and stable impotence often develops.
The organ, which has a butterfly shape and is located in the anterior part of the neck, is called the thyroid gland.It affects almost all metabolic processes in the body and "produces" several important hormones - calcitonin, triiodothyronine and thyroxine.
Triiodothyronine and thyroxine are hormones that directly affect the functioning of the digestive and cardiovascular systems, allow monitoring of mental and mental activity, regulate protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism.A specific kind of thyroid cells synthesizes the most valuable hormone calcitonin - it controls the level of calcium in the body.
General characteristics of thyroid pathologies
Even with minor violations of the functioning of the thyroid gland, there is a significant deterioration in health - the body in question is responsible for the operation of all body systems.Usually, with thyroid diseases it is a question of insufficient or, on the contrary, excessive synthesis of hormones, often such phenomena are accompanied by an increase in the organ under consideration.
In general, the appearance of specific symptoms of thyroid diseases will depend on what hormones and in what quantities are produced by the body under consideration.Well, to establish an accurate diagnosis should only be a specialist, moreover, he will do this only after conducting a full survey. As part of the diagnosis of thyroid diseases,
- blood test for hormones;
- thyroid ultrasound;
- puncture biopsy;
But a person can also suspect the development of a thyroid disease - there are a number of characteristic symptoms that doctors categorically do not recommend to ignore.
Signs of thyroid diseases
Of course, ideally, every person should undergo a routine checkup at general and specialized specialists once every 6-12 months.But there are a number of signs that are sure to alert you and force you to visit the clinic for a full examination. These include:
- Violation of the psycho-emotional background.It is about the appearance of irritability, despondency, fatigue for no apparent reason.The fact is that the level of synthesized hormones of the thyroid gland acts on the mood of a person - if it is too low, then a bad mood, depression and depression will be clearly visible, but an increased level of hormones leads to anxiety and irritability.
- Weight fluctuations.In general, rapid weight loss or too fast weight gain is the most characteristic sign of the development of thyroid diseases.For example, if a person develops hypothyroidism, then his weight will increase steadily, but with hyperthyroidism - rapidly decrease.Stabilize this state is not possible even with strict diets.
- Joint pain, increased brittle bones.Periodically appearing pains in joints and absence of diagnosis of any disease of the musculoskeletal system should alert the person - most likely, the thyroid gland produces too little amount of calcitonin.It is the disorders in the calcium metabolism that lead to changes in the structure of bone tissue - hence the pain in the joints of the unexplained etiology.
- Numbness, tingling and pain in the muscles.Similar health problems occur against the background of hyperfunction of the thyroid gland - protein metabolism is violated, which leads to pain in the muscle tissues, and imbalance of hormones provokes a violation of the process of nerve impulses - hence numbness and tingling.
It is worthwhile to understand that at occurrence of even one of the listed signs of disturbances of work of a thyroid gland it is necessary to address at once for medical aid.Modern medicine successfully treats the pathology of the examined organ of the endocrine system, but only if the appeal to the specialist was timely.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapist of the highest qualification category