Pregnancy Symptoms: How to Identify Pregnancy
Apr 28, 2018
When a woman plans a pregnancy for a long time, she wants to know as early as possible about the miracle that has happened.Finally, one can be convinced of pregnancy only by visiting a gynecologist and having completed certain studies.And, however, there are also subjective sensations that can be regarded as the first symptoms of pregnancy.Contents:
Presumptive symptoms of pregnancy
Many mothers can tell their stories as they guessed about pregnancy.Someone paid attention to the perversion of taste preferences, someone suddenly started to vomit.All these symptoms occur against the background of a changing hormonal background, which is noted when pregnancy begins.
It should also be noted that such subjective symptoms can not be reliable.For example, in medicine there is the concept of "imaginary pregnancy".This condition is manifested in non-pregnant women by signs of early toxicosis, engorgement of the mammary glands, delay in menstruation and even a sensation of fetal movement.There is also an absolutely opposite situation when a woman accidentally finds out about her interesting situation already at a later date.
Thus, subjective sensations can indeed indicate pregnancy.But it is impossible to confirm or deny the presence of pregnancy, based only on presumptive symptoms.
Due to the changes that occur during the menstrual cycle, optimal conditions for conception are created.Once a month, a mature egg leaves the ovary and, moving along the fallopian tube, reaches the uterus.This is the period of ovulation, when a baby can conceive.Under the influence of hormones, the epithelium of the uterus expands, preparing to receive a fertilized egg.If there is no fertilization, the expanded epithelium is simply rejected and follows along with the unfertilized ovum outward in the form of menstruation.
If there was a conception, in the female body under the influence of hormones, mainly progesterone, certain changes occur.This hormone does not allow the rejection of the uterine epithelium, reduces the excitability of the uterus, thereby preventing miscarriage.That is, these transformations help to strengthen the embryo and preserve the pregnancy.
Therefore, when the monthly in due time did not occur, a woman needs to think about, and not pregnant with an hour?But it is worth noting that the delay in menstruation can occur with certain gynecological diseases.
Menstruation during pregnancy can not be, otherwise regular peeling of the uterine epithelium would result in the rejection of the embryo.When a pregnant woman has spotting - you need to talk about bleeding.
Approximately one in every three women have implantation bleeding.This phenomenon arises when a fertilized egg is introduced into the uterine wall. Small uterine vessels can be damaged during implantation, which causes bloody discharge of different intensity.In some women this may be just a couple of drops of blood, others have abundant bloody discharge.Implantation bleeding lasts a couple of days.Sometimes such bleeding women mistakenly perceive as menstruation.
Changes in overall health
In the early stages of pregnancy, the progesterone level is substantially increased.This hormone has a significant effect on the nervous system. A woman can feel weak, she wants to lie down.During the day, she can feel drowsy, which will be manifested by a sense of weakness.There may even be dizziness, fainting, headaches.
Another early symptom of pregnancy can be considered mood swings.And the hormones are to blame for this.The woman herself may notice unusual irritability that people, smells, sounds excrete from her.There may be excessive sentimentality, tearfulness.
Changes in the digestive tract
Already in the first weeks of pregnancy a woman may be bothered by nausea and even vomiting .Such troubles, as a rule, happen in the morning.Changing taste preferences, and a woman may want something salty, sour.At the same time, habitual food and its smell can cause disgust and urge for vomiting in a pregnant woman. Another interesting symptom of pregnancy is increased salivation, which is why a woman sometimes even has to bring a napkin to her mouth to wipe abundant saliva.
Progesterone has a relaxing effect on the musculature.Due to this, the peristalsis of the intestine decreases, constipation and flatulence occur.Therefore, constipation can also be considered a symptom of pregnancy.
An early symptom of pregnancy can be considered excessive sensitivity of the mammary glands .The bra irritates the chest, and when you touch it, you may experience unpleasant sensations.Swelling and enlargement of the mammary glands, as a rule, develops already in the early stages of pregnancy.
Also, women may notice a darkening of the areola of the nipples.When pregnancy becomes more pronounced and the tubercles Montgomery.These are the glands that are located on the areola.And Montgomery's tubercles in some women swell literally in the first weeks of pregnancy, and therefore this sign can be considered an early symptom.The maximum development of tubercles is achieved in late pregnancy.
High basal temperature
To determine ovulation, a woman needs to measure the basal temperature( temperature at rest) rectally by .This indicator varies during the menstrual cycle under the influence of progesterone.
Before ovulation, the basal temperature fluctuates between 35.5-36.5 degrees.During the ovulation period, the temperature rises above 37 degrees.And with the onset of menstruation, the basal temperature drops to 36.0-36.5 degrees.
When pregnancy, the level of progesterone remains high.Therefore, the temperature does not decrease, but remains within 37.0-37.4 degrees.And if there is no menstruation, and the basal temperature is still high - then the woman is most likely pregnant.Reliable symptoms of pregnancy
Reliable symptoms include all those symptoms that come from the fetus and which can be confirmed by diagnostic methods.Perhaps the most simple method of diagnosis is the pregnancy test .After the implantation of the embryo, the female body begins to develop a chorionic hormone( hCG).On the surface of the test strips, a substance is deposited which exhibits a reaction upon contact with hCG.Thus, when a pregnant woman urinates on a test, an additional strip appears soon on the diagnostic device.Pregnancy tests should be used after a delay in menstruation, earlier - the result will be unreliable.
A positive test confirms that the woman is in an interesting position.However, a woman can have an ectopic pregnancy.And to confirm the presence of the fetus in the uterine cavity can be reliably with the help of ultrasound.Modern diagnostic equipment allows you to conduct ultrasound examination as early as the fourth week of pregnancy.
Thus, on subjective sensations a woman can guess about pregnancy.But these early symptoms are very individual and unreliable.And only a visit to the gynecologist will help dispel doubts and hear the long-awaited "You are pregnant!".
Grigorova Valeria, medical reviewer