Nettle: benefit and harm
Apr 29, 2018
Nettle is a perennial herb, known for its medicinal properties.Outwardly it is a high stem with heart-shaped leaves.The flowers of the nettle are small, green, they are collected in drooping inflorescences.Rhizome creeping and branched.
A distinctive feature of nettle is the "burning" hairs that cover its leaves and stem.This is a kind of natural protection of plants from herbivores.
Interesting! Why is nettles so hot?Hairs on the plant contain a mixture of formic acid, choline and histamine.It is this liquid that causes skin reactions in the form of burning, itching, redness and local swelling at the points of contact.
Nettles grow in forest thickets, as well as cuttings where sunlight penetration remains available throughout the spring and autumn.Often, the plant is found near private residential houses in areas of soil with high humidity.
In Ancient Rus, nettles were never considered a weed and were not cut down from the yard.It was believed that she was able to protect the house from evil spirits, amulets and brooms wove from dry nettle branches.
Nettle is widely used not only in medicine and cooking, it is also a raw material for making natural fabrics.In ancient times, when cotton was not yet so well known, nettles spun threads from the dry stems of nettle and weaved the canvas.
The chemical composition of nettle
Nettle is the most valuable source of vitamins and minerals, so necessary for the human body. The table of useful substances of this plant can be represented as follows:
- Vitamins - A, B, C, K, group B;
- Macro and microelements - calcium, potassium, iodine, phosphorus, sodium, iron, chromium, manganese, copper, molybdenum, sulfur, barium, boron, titanium, nickel;
- Glycoside, chlorophyll, flavonoids, tannins;Formic and gallic acid.
Important! Ascorbic acid in the nettle is about 2 times greater than in the currant and 10 times more than in apples.And carotene is 3 times more than carrot.
Calorie content of 100 grams of fresh leaves and stems of nettle is - 24.8 kcal. Nutritional information:
- Proteins - 1.6;
- carbohydrates - 5.0;
- Fats - 0.
Nettle is a true natural healer.Its richest vitamin complex helps to harden the immune system and avoid complications in the aggravation of viral infections.
Chlorophyll has a tonic effect, it stimulates the processes of blood circulation and digestion, improves metabolism and strengthens the cardiovascular system.After eating dishes containing nettle, hemoglobin rises, the erythrocyte count increases in the blood.
Nettle juice is used as an effective diuretic and cholagogue.Also, the broth from the fresh leaves of this plant is an excellent antiseptic.It promotes the rapid healing of open wounds and burns, prevents the formation of pathogenic microflora in the affected areas of the skin.
In folk medicine, a decoction of nettles is used to strengthen bulbs, get rid of dandruff, itching and hair loss.
Nettle tea helps to avoid a depressive state, invigorates, raises vitality.It is recommended to use it every morning before a busy day of work to replenish energy.
People with increased blood coagulability should refrain from using and applying nettle in any form.It can provoke the formation of thrombi, which will lead to sad consequences.
You should also be extremely cautious with stinging nettle to pregnant women.This plant can cause premature birth, as it increases the tone of the uterus.
It is not recommended to abuse the plant with kidney and liver disease, as well as people suffering from chronic hypertension.
Recipes for home medicine and nettle cosmetology
Nettle infusion for strengthening hair
Fresh young shoots of nettle finely chopped, pour 100 ml of steep boiling water and leave for 6 hours.After this, the infusion should be filtered and stored in a container of opaque glass.After each washing of the head, this product is rubbed into the scalp while massaging.Does not require flushing.
Broth from nettle from acne
5 tablespoons finely chopped nettle leaves pour 1 liter of cold water and bring to a boil over low heat.Obtain the broth and then wash it every morning.
Nettle in case of osteochondrosis
1 kg of nettle roots should be washed, cleaned and ground in a blender.Then the resulting mass is poured into 50 ml of 40 degree alcohol and insisted in a dark place for 2 weeks, periodically shaking the container.Infusion should be taken every night before going to bed for 1 tablespoon.
Curative herbal baths with nettles
For warm joints, as well as for relieving the symptoms of stress, warm baths with the addition of infusion from herbs collection are great.For its preparation, dry leaves are required in equal proportions: nettle, black currant, horsetail, string and rosemary.Brew infusion is necessary immediately before taking a bath.For one procedure, enough for 1 tablespoon of all components, pour 1 liter of steep boiling water.