What to do with high blood pressure
Arterial hypertension( hypertension) is an extremely common disease that affects both men and women equally.Increase in blood pressure usually increases with time, reaching sometimes to extremely high figures.Early detection of hypertension and its qualitative treatment can prevent the development of deadly complications, such as myocardial infarction or stroke.But what to do with increased pressure, if you do not have the necessary medicines at hand?Table of contents: Blood pressure norms Causes of hypertension How to lower pressure at home What to do with increased pressure Recommended reading:
Blood pressure norms
First of all, it should be made clear: there are clear criteria for pressure at whichYou can call a person hypertensive. From the practice of the author:
A lot of people panic, seeing how the arrow of the tonometer deviates from the "ideal" 120/80.Often, "First Aid" is called at the numbers 140/90, which in reality never lead to any complications.It is noteworthy that such "patients" all show how bad they are, whereas people with real hypertension treat their sufferings very philosophically even at 170/100.
So, the arterial pressure is considered normal with the figures:
- systolic( "top") - from the optimal( less than 120 mm Hg) to the high-normal( 139 mmHg)
- Diastolic( "lower") - from the optimal( less than 80 mm Hg) to the high-normal( 89 mm Hg).
If the numbers exceed the specified 139/89 mm.Gt;Art.- then it is said about arterial hypertension, or increased pressure.
Reasons for overpressure
Several factors affect the blood pressure figures:
- cardiac activity;
- the elasticity of the walls of the arteries;
- concentration of pressor hormones in the blood( substances that increase pressure);
- water-electrolyte balance;
- blood viscosity.
The heart acts directly on the arterial pressure: the systolic pressure increases with increasing heart rate.Any of the factors that enhance the work of the heart( smoking, stress, taking high doses of caffeine and other stimulants), contributes to the development of hypertension.The walls of the arteries lose their elasticity due to age-related changes and( to an even greater extent) atherosclerosis.This disease, associated with a violation of fat metabolism, leads to the germination of the walls of the vessels with connective tissue.This process leads to a tightening of the arteries and a decrease in their ability to expand with an increase in the volume of blood flowing through them.
The release of epinephrine, noradrenaline and vasopressin in stress conditions also plays an important role in the development of hypertension.All these hormones have the ability to reduce the diameter of the arteries - it also leads to an increase in blood pressure.Excess water in the blood plasma is another cause of hypertension.It is proved that the excessive use of sodium in the form of table salt plays a role in the development of this condition.Salt "attracts" water, not allowing it to leave the bloodstream and get out of the body.The logic of the process is simple - a larger volume of fluid flowing through a pipe with a constant diameter, increases the pressure in it.With increased blood viscosity, much more effort is required from the heart to push blood through the vessels.Therefore, many hypertensive patients are prescribed funds that reduce this indicator.
How to lower the pressure at home
As in the development of hypertension, a large share of "guilt" is given to stress, it is necessary to eliminate all factors that increase it, stop smoking, reduce the consumption of coffee to a cup a day or even from itrefuse.Refusal of alcohol is an important aspect of the prevention and treatment of pressure rises.These same methods will reduce the impact on the body of pressor hormones, which are most strongly produced under stress( adrenaline is generally called a "stress hormone").
Reduction of excess weight is an important element in the fight against hypertension.The fact is that the heart has to exert much more effort to supply additional kilograms of blood.The load on it also increases due to the need to provide oxygen to the muscles that work with a greater effort than in the case of a lean man.Recommended reading:
By reducing the intake of table salt, you can achieve blood pressure lowering without medication.Normalization of the sodium level in the blood will lead to getting rid of excess fluid in the bloodstream, which will reduce the severity of hypertension.Salt consumption rates are recommended in this article.
Aerobic physical exercises train the heart, increase the elasticity of the vessels and contribute to an increase in the total volume of blood vessels.The result is also a decrease in blood pressure.It should be remembered that any exercises should be done only after consulting a doctor.It is also recommended to reduce the consumption of animal products, especially those containing large amounts of fat, and increase the proportion of plant foods, especially dietary fiber, in the diet.
What to do with hypertension: help with hypertensive crisisWe recommend to read:
Note: below are recommendations for normalizing the pressure, increased to critical numbers, in other words, when diagnosing a hypertensive crisis.
It is almost impossible to reduce the arterial pressure that has risen to critical figures without taking medication.In case of hypertensive crisis, it is necessary to take an antihypertensive drug( captopril, nifedipine, clonidine) and call a doctor.If there is a feeling of numbness of the skin in any area of the body, shortness of breath, chest pain, vision deteriorates, then you need to call an ambulance, because these symptoms signal an increase in signs of heart or brain damage.
Alas, arterial hypertension is a disease that once appeared will not disappear anywhere.Treatment with her non-medicamentous methods can keep blood pressure only at the beginning of the disease.With the passage of time, diets, rejection of bad habits and physical exertion will not be enough and you will have to start taking medication and then you will have to perform medical appointments.
Bozbey Gennady Andreevich, ambulance doctor