Sage: indications and contraindications, application features
May 08, 2018
Salvia officinalis is used in folk medicine since ancient times.Healing properties of the plant are described in the writings of the healers of Ancient Greece, Egypt and Rome.The legendary doctor Hippocrates called Sage "sacred grass" and advised using it for general strengthening and rejuvenation of the body, as well as the treatment of a number of diseases.
The homeland of this herb is the Mediterranean, from where Salvia came to other regions with trade caravans.
Please note: should not be confused Salvia officinalis with the meadow sage, which grows in our country almost everywhere.Curative properties are characterized only by the first species, since the content of biologically active substances is much higher in it.Table of contents: Plant characteristics Active components Useful properties Which diseases show Salvia?Contraindications to the use of Salvia Sage for women Sage for children
Salvia officinalis is a herbaceous cross-pollinated perennial or semi-shrub that belongs to the family.The height of straight, branchy stems, woody at the base, reaches 70 cm. The leaves are gray-green, densely pubescent, oblong in shape.Flowers with purple coronals are collected in the inflorescence.The flowering time is June-July, and the fruits ripen in late summer and early autumn.
This herb does not occur wild in the Russian Federation, but it is cultivated almost everywhere.Grass is an excellent honey.
As a medicinal raw material, the leaves of the Salvia officinalis are prepared, as well as the tops of the grass with inflorescences, which are dried in well-ventilated attics or under a canopy.The vegetable substrate is stored in bags in rooms with a low level of humidity.
In leaves, as well as in the inflorescences of the plant contains a large amount of fragrant essential oil.In Sage, organic acids( formic and acetic), pinene, bioflavonoids, tannins, camphor, vitamins B1, C and P, tannins, paradiphenol, phytoncid salvin and terpenoidal linalool are found.Seeds contain a lot of fatty oils and proteins, and in the roots of a unique plant, coumarin is found.
Due to the high concentration of a number of biologically active components, Salvia has strong antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, astringent and fortifying properties.Preparations of the plant promote an increase in the secretory activity of the digestive system, act as a mild diuretic and help fight hyperhidrosis( increased sweating).Grass is also a powerful immunostimulant.
What diseases does Salvia show?
Sage-based medications are indicated in the following diseases and pathological conditions:
- various diseases of the digestive tract;
- pathology of the kidneys and urinary tract( in particular - pyelonephritis and cystitis);
- liver disease;
- viral infections( as a general strengthening agent for improving immunity);
- acute and chronic bronchitis;
- sore throat;
- is neuritis;
- inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity( gingivitis, stomatitis);
- bronchial asthma( for arresting seizures);
- a number of dermatological diseases( including psoriasis and mycosis);
- chronic fatigue;
- increased sweating.
Note: externally Sage preparations are prescribed for the early healing of wounds, thermal and chemical burns, frostbite and abscesses.
Traditional medicine recommends the use of medicinal herbs for the treatment of severe lesions of the respiratory system, in particular - pulmonary tuberculosis.
In Sage, the concentration of plant analogues of estrogens is high, therefore it is used in disorders characteristic of menopause in women( nervousness and hot flashes).Hemostatic effect allows to reduce blood loss in case of abundant and prolonged menstruation.
Sage herb tea is used to prepare sessile trays in the treatment of hemorrhoids.
Salvia is a part of the gastric fees that help fight against flatulence, improve the motility of the digestive tract, improve appetite and stimulate the secretion and the passage of bile.
The plant can strengthen general immunity, increase mental activity and physical endurance.
Please note: is a pleasantly smelling essential oil of Sage used in aromatherapy to reduce headaches during overwork and to relieve psychoemotional stress. In cosmetology, decoctions are prescribed to combat acne, dandruff and to reduce the fat content of the skin.
Contraindications to the use of Sage
Drugs Sage medicinal can not be drunk in acute inflammation of the kidneys, hypothyroidism( decrease in the production of thyroid hormones), and also with individual hypersensitivity to active substances.
Since the herb has estrogenic properties, it is absolutely contraindicated in women with diagnosed polycystosis, myoma or endometriosis.
Another contraindication to taking Salvia preparations is pregnancy and the period of breastfeeding.
Salt for women
Salt medicinal contains a large number of active phytohormones, which in nature of action are close to female sex hormones.Biologically active herbal compounds compensate for the lack of estrogens and stimulate the process of their production.Thanks to this plant can help with infertility caused by irregularities in the process of ovulation.
Note: Salvia is recommended by folk medicine for the treatment of frigidity.
For the conception to occur, it is recommended to take water infusion of Sage, starting from 3-4 days of the month until the time when the egg is expected to reach its largest size.In particular, with a regular 28-day cycle, taking the drug should be completed on the 11-12 day.After ovulation, the preparation of Sage should not be taken, as they increase the tone of the muscles of the uterus and the fallopian tubes and can interfere with the attachment of a fertilized egg.
Recipe for Sage infusion with infertility
Take 1 tbsp.L.Dried and carefully crushed leaves of the plant and pour 200 ml of boiling water.Infuse in a well sealed container for 15 minutes, then cool and strain.Drink a third cup four times a day.
If conception does not occur, then the infusion of Sage is advisable to take the same scheme for another 1-2 cycles.In a year such course treatment of infertility can be carried out no more than 3 times.
Pregnant women infusions and decoctions of Salvia officinalis are strictly contraindicated, as stimulation of uterine tone can lead to spontaneous abortion( miscarriage) or premature birth.It should also be taken into account that the active substances of medicinal herbs reduce the biosynthesis of progesterone required during the period of gestation.
For the same reason, do not take Sage during breastfeeding, although for babies it is completely safe.
If, for some reason, lactation is to be stopped, the infusion of herbs will help reduce the level of synthesis of the prolactin hormone, resulting in a gradual decrease in the production of breast milk.
Important: Sage helps fight mastitis and stagnation in the mammary gland.
Recipe for tea from Sage to reduce lactation
Take 1 tsp.Crushed dry grass( or 1 whole stem with inflorescence) and pour 200 ml of boiling water.Infuse for 10 minutes, cool, strain and take on a third cup 3 times during the day.
Recipe for Sage Drug for rinsing and external use
Such decoction is made by lotions, baths and syringings for gynecological and skin diseases, as well as diseases of the throat and oral mucosa
Take 1 tbsp.L.Crushed dry leaves or 2-3 stems with inflorescences, pour 200 ml of water and place on a water bath for 15-20 minutes.Ready to cool the broth, strain and add boiled water to the original volume.
Immediately before the procedure, it is recommended that the preparation be heated to body temperature.Ready-made broth can be prepared for future use and stored in the refrigerator, but no more than 12 hours.
Sage's broth is used for rinsing with dental diseases( gingivitis and stomatitis), as well as rubbing gums with removable dentures and inflammation of the hole after extraction of the tooth.For rinses, 200 ml of the drug is used.Multiplicity of application - 5-6 times a day.
With laryngitis, sore throat and sore throat, it is recommended to rinse with broth 4-5 times a day.Anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties of the herbs allow you to quickly stop the symptoms of the disease.
Douches and sessile baths with decoction are indicated for vaginitis and erosion of the cervix.Procedures are recommended to be performed 2 times a day.The optimum temperature of the drug is about 38 ° C.
For wounds and frostbites of the skin, as well as for the treatment of fungal diseases, neurodermatitis and psoriasis, the affected areas should be washed with decoction 4 times during the day.Sage will help reduce puffiness and relieve itching.In addition, the grass contributes to the rapid regeneration of tissues.If the wound suppurates, then instead of washing it is advisable to apply blotting with a clean gauze soaked in a decoction.
For seborrhea, dandruff and alopecia( hair loss), rinse the head with a decoction after washing.
Prescription for oral administration with bloating, to improve bile flow and bronchitis
Take 1 tbsp.L.Crushed dry inflorescences or plant leaves, pour 250 ml of boiling water and insist in a tightly closed container for half an hour.
If intestinal motility disorder and flatulence occur, drink a quarter of a glass 4 times a day for half an hour before meals.The course treatment is shown;The duration of the course is 7 days.
As a mucolytic and expectorant for bronchitis, it is advisable to prepare an infusion, using milk instead of water.Take in hot form for 100 ml three times a day.
In pharmacy chains, you can buy alcohol tinctures of Sage, as well as preparations containing the extract of this medicinal herb( Salvin).
Sage for children
For preschool and senior school children, baths with Sage's broth( addition salt sea salt is additionally recommended) are recommended as a common restorative.You can make lotions with a decoction for healing wounds, treating burns and reducing swelling with bruises.
Children of the older age group should drink water infusions mixed with milk and honey or inhalation when coughing.If you are allergic to honey, you can replace it with butter.
Plisov Vladimir, phyto-therapeutist