10th week of pregnancy: what happens with mom and baby?
May 25, 2018
10th week of pregnancy completes the embryonic stage of intrauterine development of the child. From 11 weeks, doctors will call the baby no longer an embryo, but a fruit, that is, a fetal( fruit) development period that will last until birth.The coming months will be a stage of active growth, increase in body weight, ripening and functional development of all the internal organs of the baby.
10-11 weeks of pregnancy are crucial for expectant mothers.At this time, many women begin to feel better.Indeed, very soon the painful toxicosis will disappear and the woman will have an opportunity to enjoy her position in full.However, against the background of emotional and physical recovery, the future mother should not forget about a very important event - a visit to a gynecologist and registration in a women's consultation.Even if the pregnant woman feels well, she should be under the supervision of doctors.Contents: What happens to the baby at 10 weeks of gestation Mom's sensations at 10 weeks of gestation Nutritional recommendations Possible complications at 10 weeks of pregnancy Registration in the women's consultation
What happens to the baby at week 10 of pregnancy
The most responsibleThe stage of intrauterine development of the child was left behind.All the organs of the embryo are already laid down and now it takes time for them to finally form and start functioning .
By the end of 10 weeks, the weight of the baby is 4-5 grams, and the height is 3-4 cm. The embryo has finally assumed the likeness of a person - it does not have gill slits, a tail, an interlace between the fingers.Yes, the baby's head is much larger than the calf, but soon this disproportionality will disappear.On the tiny fingers appeared marigolds, and in the thickness of the skin formed hair follicles, from which will very soon grow up hair follicles.
The embryo already has all the major internal organs, but only in a miniature form.They will grow with the baby. Part of internal organs already and functions at full speed:
- The brain generates nerve impulses.
- The kidneys produce urine.
- The liver produces blood cells.
- The heart pumps blood through the circulatory system.
- Testicles in boys synthesize testosterone.
- The adrenal glands produce hormones that help the baby's calf grow.
- The limbs are bent in the joints.
In addition, the umbilical cord and the placenta are nearing completion.
Mom's sensations at week 10 of gestation: abdomen, discharge, well-being
Hormones still continue to introduce a number of discomforts to a pregnant woman. They are associated with emerging manifestations of toxicosis, and emotional instability, and various changes in the appearance of the future mother.However, the most responsible, dangerous and anxious period of pregnancy is almost completely left behind.Therefore, if the doctors state that the child is healthy and developing normally, the next weeks of waiting will bring much more pleasure: the mother will experience less and feel better, and the baby will grow and prepare to meet with the parents.
At the 10th week of pregnancy, the expectant mother can still be bothered:
- Morning sickness.Abrupt change in taste preferences.
- Impairment or vice versa, increased appetite.
- Mood swings.
- Hypersensitivity of mammary glands.
- A sharpened sense of smell.
- Nasal congestion.
- Drowsiness and fatigue.
In the appearance of a pregnant woman, the changes also progress:
- Pigmentation appears on the face and body( darken the nipples and the line between the navel and the pubis).
- The condition of the skin, hair and nails deteriorates or vice versa.
- Breast enlargement for 1 or 2 sizes.
- A thin bulge appears in the lower abdomen.
Future moms will not stop to think about updating the wardrobe at the 10th week, because even with the unobtrusiveness of external body changes, many things already on this date may be too small .Particular attention should be paid to the selection of a bra( it should support well and not squeeze the chest), as well as skirts and trousers( in the waist area, these items should not be tight, it is best if the belt is made of a soft elastic band that will stretch overAs the abdomen grows).
In addition, it is now necessary to choose a stable and comfortable shoes.High heels - this is the risk of falls and a big load on the spine and legs, so future mothers wear these shoes is not desirable.
Recommendations on nutrition
For many expectant mothers who do not suffer from severe toxemia, weight may increase by the 10th week of pregnancy. For the entire first trimester( that is, for 12 weeks), the weight gain should not exceed 3 kg. If the mass grows too fast, a woman should think about her nutrition right now.Of course, you can not go on a diet to a future mother, but you can make your diet correctly.
The basic principles of feeding a pregnant woman should be :
- Moderation( do not eat for two).
The future mother should eat something meat every day( periodically fish), something dairy, something vegetable, something fruity and something cereal .With this approach, women will necessarily get all the substances necessary for her and her baby.In this case, it is not necessary to chase after exotic and some super-expensive products, do not try to buy strawberries or zucchini in winter( but only if rarely and when very much want).Such a variety can not be considered useful, as off-season vegetables and fruits can contain a large number of nitrates and other chemicals.
In addition, in the diet of a future mother, it is desirable to increase the number of products containing folic acid, iodine, calcium, magnesium, proteins, iron, vitamin D, fiber, essential fatty acids. These substances are necessary for the full development of the baby and the well-being of the mother. Especially useful for pregnant women products can be called:
- Low-fat meat, beef tongue.
- Oatmeal and buckwheat.
- Apples, bananas.
- Carrots, beets, broccoli, spinach.
- Assorted nuts.
- Sea fish( especially fatty varieties).
- Natural yoghurt, kefir, cottage cheese.
- Hard cheeses.Vegetable oils( unrefined).
You can also select a list of products that, because of the uselessness and the ability to increase weight to future mothers, it is better to use less often.These include:
- All kinds of flour products, cakes, pastries.
- Chocolate bars and sweets( however, a few pieces of real dark chocolate to uplift the future mother will not hurt).
- Fast food.Sweet carbonated water and shop juices.
- Meat products.
As for the drinking regime, it is necessary to drink pregnant if you want small portions of .It is impossible to pour water into oneself( such recommendations can be read on the Internet), such a load may not be able to the kidneys, which already work very actively.
Possible complications at week 10 of pregnancy
There is still a risk of abortion - a miscarriage, but it is lower than in previous weeks. If the doctor recommends more rest and not overexertion, it is better to heed his advice.You can take a sick leave or ask the authorities to leave.
Signs that there are problems can be:
- Abdominal pain( cramping, pulling).
- Bloody discharge from the genital tract( bright red, brown).
- Hypertensive of the uterus according to ultrasound( in this state, many women complain that the uterus periodically as if stony).
- Gain or vice versa a sharp cessation of toxicosis.
With the increase in the size of the uterus, problems with bowel movement are aggravated, especially in women who, before pregnancy, suffered constipation.To bring the stool back to normal, you need to consume more fiber and fresh lactic acid products. If constipation becomes chronic, subsequent hemorrhoids may occur - another unpleasant disease that many pregnant women face.
Registration in the women's consultation
Registration for the pregnancy begins with organizational issues - acquaintance with the doctor, filling in the necessary documentation( the individual card of the pregnant woman and the childbirth).During the conversation, the gynecologist finds out the patient's age and age, the date of the last menstruation, the number and outcome of pregnancies in the anamnesis, the state of health of older children, the presence of chronic diseases in women and family members, infectious diseases, etc.This information is necessary to determine the risk group to which the pregnant woman belongs.
Next, the doctor asks the woman about the complaints and proceeds to the examination, which includes:
- Measurement of height and weight( to determine the body mass index).
- Measurement of the pelvis.
- Measurement of blood pressure.
- Examination of external and internal genital organs on a gynecological chair with taking smears for microscopic and cytological analyzes.
- Breast examination.
At the end of the procedure, the gynecologist gives directions for studies, consultations of specialists( the therapist and genetics if necessary) and appoints the date of the next visit. List of mandatory tests to be submitted to a woman when registering:
- Blood and urine tests.
- Analyzes for syphilis, HIV and hepatitis B.
- Blood group analysis and Rh factor.
- Bacteriological culture of urine.
- Biochemical blood test( with determination of sugar).
Such a large amount of research will have to be done only twice for pregnancy( when registering and closer to childbirth), so do not be afraid of future mothers.And here's what it's worth to do, so it's to stock up with the urine tanks, since a general urine test will need to be taken before each visit to the doctor.Recommended to read:
Zubkova Olga Sergeevna, medical reviewer, epidemiologist