Phosphorus in the body: role, deficiency and excess, phosphorus in foods
May 25, 2018
Phosphorus is a microelement that a person needs for life.Without it, there is no biochemical reaction in the body. The main role of phosphorus in the human body can be called ensuring the normal growth of bone and dental tissue, as well as further maintaining their integrity throughout the life of a person .
If we consider the location of phosphorus in the body, 80% of the total amount of this element is in the mineral part of the teeth and bones, and the remaining percentages are distributed in muscles, liquids and organs. The role of phosphorus in the body The lack of phosphorus in the body - what is happening Excess phosphorus in the body Phosphorus in foods How to ensure the correct absorption of phosphorus Phosphoric acid is an active participant in the process of constructing phosphatases -Are responsible for the normal course of chemical reactions in cells.This very acid is actively involved in fat metabolism, production and decomposition of starch and glycogen, is one of the components of skeletal tissue, and especially a large number is located in the tissues of nerve cells and the brain.
The role of phosphorus in the body
Phosphoric acid is an active participant in the process of constructing phosphatases -Are responsible for the normal course of chemical reactions in cells.This very acid is actively involved in fat metabolism, production and decomposition of starch and glycogen, is one of the components of skeletal tissue, and especially a large number is located in the tissues of nerve cells and the brain.
Scientists argue that without phosphorus is impossible thinking process, a person can not even move, as muscle contraction occurs just due to various phosphorous compounds .Fermentation and respiration( processes that are basic for all living things) also can not proceed without the presence of phosphoric acid.
In addition, phosphorus is involved in the following processes:
- Normalizes protein and carbohydrate metabolism.Moreover, the microelement under consideration takes an active part not only in "global" metabolic processes, but also those that flow directly inside cells and muscles.
- Energy exchange.The compounds of phosphorus( creatine phosphate and adenosine triphosphate) ensure the flow of all the processes necessary for the normal life of the organism.If the stocks of these phosphorus compounds are present in insufficient quantities, then a real tragedy may occur - the muscles will simply stop shrinking, and the nervous / motor or mental activity becomes simply impossible.
- Generates highly active connections.For example, with proteins and fatty acids - lecithin, which is necessary for the formation of cellular and brain membranes.It is well known that lecithin is consumed in huge quantities by the organism under excessive loads, both physical and psycho-emotional.If phosphorus in the body is not enough, then the cells of the brain and all other organs will remain unprotected, which will lead to their death.
- Included in the composition of nucleic acids.These compounds store and transmit hereditary information, are responsible for the normal division and growth of cells.
- Supports acid-base balance.This is due to the fact that various compounds of phosphorus are part of the blood and other liquids.By the way, it is thanks to phosphorus that active forms of vitamins can form - the microelement under consideration "starts" the processes necessary for this.
The lack of phosphorus in the body - what happens
Even if a person consumes a sufficient number of products in which there is phosphorus, he may have a deficiency of this trace element .And in this case a person will feel weak, make complaints about a general malaise.He may have unexpected bursts of intellectual activity, but they are always replaced by nervous exhaustion.People who have a lack of phosphorus in the body can actively react to the outside world, communicate and visit places, and then suddenly fall into apathy and depression.
The phosphorus deficiency in the body can be related to:
- excess in the body of magnesium, calcium, aluminum compounds;
- using a lot of carbonated drinks;
- for a long time with current diseases, including in chronic form;
- with narcotic, alcoholic, food poisoning;
- pathology of kidney and thyroid gland chronic.
Note : phosphorus deficiency is often detected in young children who are on artificial feeding.This development of events is fraught with rickets for the baby.
In general, the lack of phosphorus in the human body will necessarily manifest itself - for example, serious problems with metabolism, liver disruption will start.It will be necessary to notice a decrease in immunity( frequent infections and colds), there will be pain in the muscles of a constant nature, the appetite will worsen, down to total loss, the concentration of attention will decrease.Lack of phosphorus can lead to pathological changes in the heart, osteoporosis and hemorrhages of different origin.
Excess phosphorus in the body
Too much phosphorus in the human body is also not good. A similar condition results in:
- of urolithiasis;
- pathological lesions of the intestine and liver;
- development of anemia and leukopenia;
- development of hemorrhages and bleeding;
- loss of bone calcium tissue;
- development of osteoporosis.
Important! If there was a poisoning with phosphorus, that is, the organism received too much of this trace element simultaneously, then the whole digestive system, heart, liver and kidneys are disrupted, and many small hemorrhages appear, including the retina of the eyes.
In which case is an excess of phosphorus possible?Well, firstly, with prolonged contact with various phosphorus compounds - this may be due to labor activity.Secondly, the excess of phosphorus leads to abuse of canned food, lemonade, protein products.Thirdly, the problem in question can arise in the case of metabolic disorders, if they are not treated and not corrected.
Phosphorus in products
The daily human need for phosphorus is 1200 mg and the deficiency of this microelement is difficult to admit - it would be necessary to become a vegan and eat fruits / berries / vegetables / fruits that grow on soils that are poor with this trace element. If a person is fully nourished, the daily dose of phosphorus comes into his body from many products:
- pumpkin, cabbage, parsley;
- nuts, beans, cereals;
- wholemeal products, black bread;
- spinach, garlic, carrots;
- milk, cheese;
- fish, meat, beef liver;
- berries and mushrooms;
How to ensure proper digestion of phosphorus
If there is an excess of aluminum, magnesium and iron, then phosphorus in the body will become completely ineffective, even if its amount is within the normal range. At the same time, excess phosphorus leads to loss of calcium and poor digestibility of magnesium, which is fraught with arrhythmia, migraines, back pain.How to adjust the process of assimilation of all important elements in the body without detriment to each other?
Doctors recommend, first of all, to adjust your own diet.For example, at the age of over 40 on a person's table, vegetables and greens, dairy products, and not meat should be in priority.Such a correction will facilitate the work of the kidneys, and they will be able to actively remove excess phosphorus from the body. It is not superfluous to take into account a few more points:
- Canned food, in which phosphates are added, can lead to an excess of phosphorus in the body, so you do not need to get carried away with such nutrition.
- Phosphorus works in the right mode in the presence of calcium and vitamin D, but calcium should be twice as much as phosphorus - dairy products should be on the menu almost constantly, as they are the main suppliers of calcium in the body.
- The need for phosphorus is significantly increased with physical exertion and lack of protein, excessive consumption of sugar, long-term use of certain hormonal drugs.
- Vitamins A, D, F, as well as potassium, iron, magnesium and calcium can help assimilate phosphorus in balanced amounts.Therefore, it is important to periodically take a course of taking multivitamin complexes, but only with the permission of the doctor.
- To replenish the phosphorus deficiency in the body is better than food, but in particularly severe cases, drug therapy may be needed - riboxin, phosphocolin, phytin and other medicines will be prescribed.
Phosphorus in the body plays an important role, however, like other trace elements.Lack or excess of it can lead to irreversible pathological processes, so it is important to ensure the intake of phosphorus in the body in normal quantities.A specialist will help in this, and an independent increase in the number of consumed products rich in phosphorus, or taking some vitamin complexes will lead to extremely undesirable consequences.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category