Atheroma: symptoms, treatment, risks
Atheroma is referred to benign skin formations.Suffer from this disease about 7-10% of the population around the globe.Atheroma can occur at any age, although much more common in adults.Contents: What is atheroma?Causes Symptoms Complications Treatment of atheroma
What is atheroma?
Atheroma is a tumor-like formation that occurs due to clogging of the excretory duct of the sebaceous gland.Atheroma, in fact, is a cyst.That is, it is a cavity with contents, surrounded by a capsule.The content of atheroma is represented by epithelial cells, sebaceous secret, cholesterol crystals.Outwardly it looks like a thick whitish gruel.
Atheroma occurs in those parts of the body where large amounts of sebaceous glands are concentrated.This is the scalp, chin, parotid region, back of the neck, back, area of the external genitalia.
Reasons for the occurrence of
The main function of the sebaceous glands is the production of a sebace secret.A secret is developed in the end section of the gland, which is then discharged outward through the excretory duct.When the duct is clogged, the contents accumulate in the gland without the possibility of exiting to the outside.So the cyst of the sebaceous gland is formed - atheroma.
The following factors contribute to the onset of atheroma:
- Endocrine disorders in which the viscosity of the sebaceous secretion increases, leading to clogging of the sebaceous gland duct;
- Malnutrition with the prevalence of carbohydrate, fatty foods, which also changes the nature of the sebaceous secretion;
- Non-observance of personal hygiene in skin care;
- Application of cosmetic products, narrowing the ducts of the sebaceous glands;
- Acne, acne and skin trauma when trying to remove them on their own;
Atheroma is not accompanied by any uncomfortable sensations, does not impair the quality of human life.A neoplasm is rather a cosmetic defect.
Externally, atheroma looks like a rounded skin formation, the size of which can be from a few millimeters to centimeters.The skin above the atheroma is unchanged, has the usual color and texture.To the touch, the formation is dense and easily moves, as it is not soldered with the underlying tissues.Atheroma is absolutely painless.On its surface it is often possible to visualize the point - the duct of the sebaceous gland.
The most likely complication of atheroma is its suppuration.This happens when the skin is traumatized, constantly rubbed with clothing. Symptoms of suppurative atheroma are:
- Redness of the skin;
- Skin oedematous;
- Tenderness when touching;
- Spontaneous dissection of atheroma with outflow of thick purulent contents is possible.
Much less often with damage and inflammation of the atheroma, a subcutaneous abscess develops.This pathological condition is accompanied by redness and swelling of a large area of the skin, painfulness.In this case, the body temperature rises, there is a feeling of weakness, weakness.
Atheroma is a benign skin formation, it can not be transformed into a malignant process.
Treatment of atheroma
Hopefully, atheroma itself will not be worth it.As already mentioned, atheroma is a cystic formation with a cavity and a wall.No matter what ointments, gels, or a man smears atheroma, the capsule will not dissolve.The only possible treatment is removal.In no case need to squeeze, cut atheroma alone, because remove all the overgrown tissue will not succeed.In addition, such manipulations can lead to infection in the skin and the development of purulent inflammation.
Surgical removal of atheroma
This is a traditional method of atheroma removal.The operation is performed only under local anesthesia.The surgeon dissects the skin in the area of atheroma, after which he exposes the cyst from the surrounding tissues.After removal of the atheromatous cyst, small seams are applied to the subcutaneous fatty tissue and skin.Usually, cosmetic seams are preferred, which dissolve themselves within ten days.In the zone of dissection remains a scar, which disappears within two to three months.
Nowadays laser and radio wave removal by atter are becoming more popular, these methods have their undeniable advantages.But, for example, large atheromas can only be removed surgically.
Laser removal of atheroma
The essence of the method is the effect of the laser beam on the skin area.The laser opens an atheroma, the cavity is processed and the capsule is excised.At the end of the procedure, the skin is treated with an antiseptic.Laser removal is performed under local anesthesia and takes a little time: about twenty minutes.
This method is usually used when removing small atterms.Laser removal has its advantages.First, the procedure is not very traumatic.And secondly, after removal practically there is no scar.
Radiowave treatment of atheroma
This method of atheroma removal is performed using a radio wave knife.The surgeon dissects the skin with a radio-knife and removes the cavity of the atheroma.The procedure is performed under local anesthesia and generally lasts no more than fifteen to twenty minutes.
At the end of the operation, there is an almost imperceptible scar.Radio wave removal( as well as laser removal) allows you to remove an atheromatous cyst with minimal traumatization of surrounding tissues and bleeding.
Grigorova Valeria, medical reviewer