What to take when menopause from hot flushes?
All women without exception, sooner or later come the period of menopause, which is characterized by serious hormonal changes in the body.In most cases, this occurs at the age of 45-50 years.Against the background of menopause, immunity is often reduced, and the likelihood of developing autoimmune and infectious-inflammatory diseases increases.During tides during menopause, a number of patients feel strong physical and psycho-emotional discomfort.At the same time, many women are interested in what can be taken with menopause to reduce discomfort during hot flashes.To answer this question, it is necessary to understand the mechanism of formation and the cause of the appearance of tides.Contents: What are tides, and why do they appear?How to relieve hot flashes in menopause Traditional medicine recipes
What is hot flushes and why do they appear?
The main cause of the changes occurring in menopause is a decrease in the level of female sex hormones - progesterone and estrogens.
Estrogens have a direct effect on the center of thermoregulation in the brain( hypothalamus zone).Reduction of their concentration the body regards as a pathology, and sends signals perceived by a woman as a fever.In parallel, the mechanisms of stabilization of the state are included - vasodilation is developing, tachycardia develops and sweating is increased.
For the first time tides are noted before the arrival of the last monthly.With the passage of time, the process of thermoregulation normalizes, and negative feelings go away.In some women, they last only a few months, while others have years to reorganize and adapt the organism to a new hormonal status( in some cases, up to 10-15 years).Approximately in 60% of cases the tides last about 2 years, and with time the severity of the symptoms gradually decreases.
Note: discomfort persists longer in the early physiological climax or so-called."Medical menopause."
The frequency and duration of tides can vary depending on a number of individual characteristics of the body and lifestyle.As a rule, uncomfortable symptoms are felt for 2-3 minutes, less often they last about an hour.
Factors that increase the frequency of hot flashes and increase the severity of the symptoms:
- Inadequate nutrition( frequent intake of too hot food, as well as fried, fatty and spicy);
- strong tea and coffee;
- stay in rooms with poor ventilation;
- visiting saunas and saunas;
- bad habits( smoking and drinking alcohol);
- wearing tight underwear, worsening local blood circulation;
- stress and general fatigue;
- excessive physical activity.
Important: on the frequency of seizures may affect some pharmacological agents.Studies have shown that hot flashes are becoming more frequent, in particular, against the background of taking Tamoxifen, which is prescribed in the treatment of cancer.
Most women in advance feel the approach of tides, because the demonstration is preceded by a certain "aura".With the ailment accompanying the onset of an infectious or catarrhal disease, it is difficult to confuse the symptoms.
Symptoms of hot flashes:
- hyperemia of the skin of the face and neck due to a sharp increase in blood flow;
- feeling of heat in the upper part of the trunk and hands;
- tachycardia( heart palpitations);
- headaches( not always);
- feeling of lack of air;
- general weakness;A short-term increase in body temperature;
- increased sweating;
- is an unmotivated sense of anxiety.
Some women have sweat only above the upper lip, others - plentifully covers the entire body.When the temperature returns to normal, a chill develops.
Please note: most often tides are noted in the evening or at night.
How to relieve hot flashes in menopause
During the menopause for the relief of unpleasant symptoms, many patients are prescribed hormone replacement therapy.From the reception of hormones should be abandoned if liver pathology is diagnosed, there is a violation of the blood coagulation system or there is a risk of developing malignant neoplasms.
For menopausal hot flashes, you can take medications such as:
Hormonal preparations can not be started on their own initiative - they can be prescribed only by the attending physician after a complete examination including ultrasound of the pelvic organs, mammography.Be sure to take into account the data of the smear on cytology and biochemical blood test;The coagulogram is additionally studied.
Important: data obtained during extensive clinical trials indicate that among women aged 45 and older, there is a high oncological tension.Hormonal therapy can provoke oncological diseases, which are in the "zero phase" of development.If the manifestations of hot flushes are tolerant under the climax, do not take anything from hormones, tk.They will create an additional drug load on the body.
There are a number of non-hormonal means, which reduce tides.These include phytoestrogens - herbal preparations that are analogous to female sex hormones, as well as some dietary supplements.Before you start taking them, you also need to consult a doctor.
At the onset of menopause, it is recommended to consume as many vitamins as possible.Their reception is shown even with a well-designed diet.
To stabilize the nervous system in case of climacteric from hot flashes, it is recommended to take sedatives( sedatives).To this group of pharmacological agents are pharmacy tinctures of valerian, motherwort and pion, and also Corvalol.They are taken on 20 drops 3 times a day for a month.Instead of alcoholic tinctures, you can buy tableted forms.
According to the indications, the physician can prescribe the following pharmacological agents from the group of antidepressants:
- Fluoxetine( Prozac);
Important: prolonged uncontrolled use of antidepressants from hot flushes during menopause can lead to the formation of drug dependence.
Intensity of tides can reduce hypotensive drugs and anticonvulsants, usually prescribed for epilepsy.
Antiepileptic drugs prescribed for menopause:
Important: what to take with menopause from hot flushes - the doctor should decide!And all appointments are made only after a comprehensive examination of a woman.Self-administration is unacceptable!Especially it concerns antiepileptic, hypotensive, hormonal, sedatives and antidepressants.
Traditional medicine recipes
Many remedies that have been used in folk medicine for centuries to reduce tides have convincingly proven their effectiveness.
Since ancient times, the medicine men advised taking with climax from the tides such agents as:
- infusion of dill seeds;
- royal jelly;
- tea with oregano;
- infusion of red clover.
Dill-water is an excellent remedy for hot flashes.For its preparation 3 tbsp.L.Seeds of dill fill with three glasses of boiling water, insist for 1 hour, and add pure water to 1 liter.Take infusion 3 times a day for half a cup after half an hour after a meal.After 2 weeks of treatment, the frequency of hot flashes with a climax is halved, and a month later - 10 times!When hypotension( low blood pressure), you need to be careful.
In the grass( aboveground parts) of the red clover there are biologically active substances-phytoestrogens, as well as a number of minerals and trace elements.To prepare an infusion of clover, you need 2 tbsp.L.Dry herbs pour 200 ml of boiling water, and infuse the drug 8-10 hours in a tightly wrapped container.Drink remedy is recommended daily for 50 ml 30 minutes before meals until the condition improves.Royal Jelly and other products of beekeeping - honey and pergola( pollen) allow to normalize sleep, stabilize the nervous system and improve appetite.Pergue is consumed at 20 grams per day until the disappearance of tides.Royal jelly is sold in capsules.The drug is recommended to take in the morning and evening hours for 2-3 capsules.
To reduce the severity of unpleasant symptoms with climax help healing tea with oregano.To make a useful drink, you need to pour half a liter of boiling water 2 tbsp.L.This medicinal herb, and insist 2-3 hours in the thermos.To get rid of tides with menopause, take infusion of 100 ml three times a day before meals.
Vegetable juices - in particular, cucumber, carrot and beetroot - are good for this condition.They include phytoestrogens, minerals and phytoncides.To prepare an extremely useful multisack, you need to load carrots, celery, spinach, and parsley grass in a ratio of 7: 4: 3: 2 to the juicer.It is recommended to drink juice on 100 ml 3 times a day for 20 minutes before a meal.
Other medicinal herbs and products containing phytoestrogens:
- red grape.
Vladimir Plisov, medical reviewer