Angioma of the pharynx: symptoms, causes, treatment
May 31, 2018
Angioma of the pharynx is a benign neoplasm, localized in the larynx region.It is formed on the background of expansion and pathological changes in the pharyngeal vascular walls.Pathology occurs quite often and, according to statistical data, is about 13% of all nasopharyngeal neoplasms.Table of contents: Types of angiomy of the pharynx From what arises?How is it manifested?Angiomas in expectant mothers Diagnostic methods Methods of treatment Folk recipes Dietotherapy About prevention
Types of angiomyopharyngeal
Specialists distinguish two main types of pharyngeal angioma:
- Hemangioma - tumor formation has a red or violet color.It is formed from expanding blood vessels.
- Lymphangioma is a tumor that has a yellow stain and is formed from laryngeal laryngeal vessels.
Tumors differ in slow growth and may not show themselves for a long time with a specific symptomatology.
Important! For pharyngic angiomas, degeneration into a malignant neoplasm is not typical!
Where does it come from?
According to physicians, the pharyngeal angioma is mostly congenital in nature.At the same time, the disease can manifest itself in adulthood.
Note: in most cases, the development of pharyngeal angiomas contributes to the weakening of the immune system, acute infectious processes or the period of exacerbation of diseases taking place in chronic form!
The following factors can provoke the development of this pathological process, according to medical experts:
- traumatic nasopharyngeal injury;
- nerve strain;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- development of oncological diseases;
- hormonal imbalance.
The main cause of congenital pharyngeal angioma is a violation of pregnancy, caused by a deficiency of folic acid in the body of a future mother, psychoemotional shocks, etc.
How is it manifested?
Signs of pharyngeal angioma largely depend on the stage of development of the pathological process, the size of the lesion and other factors.
As a rule, with the growth of tumor growth, the following clinical symptoms begin to appear in patients:
- Persistence in the larynx;
- cough reflex;
- difficulty in the process of ingesting food;
- violation of speech function;
- appearance of a hoarse voice;
- presence in the saliva of bloody veins;
- pain, localized in the larynx.
Important! In most cases, signs of pharyngeal angioma begin to appear in patients after reaching the age of twenty.
As a rule, the first "bells" is the sensation of the presence of a foreign object in the larynx, a discomfort sensation of .As they grow, angiomas can grow into nearby tissues, which threatens the development of quite dangerous complications.
Despite the fact that this neoplasm does not degenerate into an oncological tumor, it is necessary to fight it. Swallow angiomas, reaching a large size, significantly reduce the quality of life of the patient, impair respiratory function. The most dangerous complication of this pathology is the strongest bleeding that occurs even with a minor damage to the tumor tumor and threatens the patient with the most deplorable consequences, up to a fatal outcome!
Angiomas in expectant mothers
In connection with the weakened immune system and changes in the hormonal background, angiomas( including pharyngeal) are often manifested in women preparing for the appearance of a baby . The difficulty lies in the fact that all traditional methods of treating this pathology during pregnancy are contraindicated.
However, in medical practice, there were also situations when after the birth of the child and stabilization of the hormonal background of the patient, the tumor neoplasm disappeared by itself.
Therefore, with the appearance of angiomy of the pharynx, the expectant mother should be regularly observed by a specialized specialist and be especially careful not to injure the tumor and not to provoke, thereby, the development of bleeding.
In most cases, the diagnosis of pharyngeal angioma is fairly simple.During the examination of the patient, the otolaryngologist detects a tumor that has a characteristic color.Another distinguishing feature of angiomas, which makes it possible to differentiate them from other tumoral neoplasms, is the ability to temporarily disappear in the process of pressing.
In addition, the following types of diagnostic tests can be recommended for patients to establish an accurate diagnosis and prevent medical error:
- ultrasound - allows to determine the degree of compaction, structural structure and features of the localization of the tumor;
- taking a puncture( performed to identify lymphangiomas);
- examination of the vocal cords;
- computed tomography;
- magnetic resonance imaging;
Important! If there is a suspicion of pharyngeal angiomy, a biopsy is categorically contraindicated, since even minor traumatic lesions of the tumor can lead to the development of dangerous bleeding!
In some ambiguous clinical cases, a specialist should exclude the presence of extraneous objects in the patient's larynx, as well as the absence of infectious or oncological processes.In such situations, a smear is taken for further bacteriological examination.
After the tumor is removed surgically, it is sent for further histological examination of the for final diagnosis.
Treatment of pharyngeal angioma is carried out by radical methods and involves the surgical removal of tumor tumor .Indications for surgical intervention are complaints from the patient and an increase in the size of the tumor.
Important! Therapy for pharyngeal angiomy should be aimed not only at removing the tumor and preventing its possible recurrence, but also in restoring normal blood flow processes in the area of the affected area!
Doctors for the control of pharyngeal angioma use the following techniques:
- laser removal;
- surgical removal.
Note: The optimal method of surgical intervention is determined by a specialist individually, depending on the size of the tumor and the specific features of the individual patient's body!
A good result is provided by the sclerosing therapy .In this procedure, alcohol is injected into the neoplasm.This technique, although it has high efficiency, but is quite painful, therefore it is practiced quite rarely, as a rule, in the treatment of hard-to-reach tumors that are small in size.
At the initial stages of development of the pathological process, with small tumor sizes, such conservative techniques as radiotherapy and hormone therapy can be used. Therefore, timely diagnosis of pharyngeal angioma is very important, as it avoids the need for surgical intervention and concomitant post-operative complications!
Note: folk methods of treatment of pharyngeal angioma can be effective only at the initial stages of development of the pathological process.If the tumor has reached a significant size, it should only be removed by the surgeon!
Therefore, in order not to risk your own health, before applying the methods of traditional medicine, be sure to consult your doctor!
In the absence of contraindications, you can offer the following folk recipes:
- Several times during the day, treat the angioma with lemon juice or garlic.After this procedure, refrain from drinking and eating for half an hour.
- Lubricate the tumor with pineapple juice 2-3 times throughout the day.
Compliance with the therapeutic diet will be very effective both at the initial stage of development of pharyngeal angioma, and during preparation for surgery or in the postoperative recovery period.
For patients, it is recommended that the following products be excluded from their menu:
- alcoholic beverages;
- meat broth;
- fats of animal origin;
- fried, fatty foods.
Please note: The use of salt, spicy foods and all kinds of spices should be minimized!
The basis of the daily diet of a patient with diagnosed angiomyoma of the pharynx should be the following:
- dried fruit;
- fruit puree;
- vegetable oil;
- various cereals;
- low-fat dairy and sour-milk products;
- fish and low-fat meat;
- egg white;Vegetable soups.
In addition, the patient needs to revise his lifestyle, quit smoking and sleep well .It is important to take care of strengthening the immune system, taking vitamin-mineral complexes and immunomodulating preparations for these purposes, drinking plenty of water.
On the prevention of
To prevent the growth and development of pharyngeal angioma, patients are advised to observe the following rules:
- Avoid prolonged exposure to direct sun.
- Do not abuse visits to the solarium.
- Strengthen the immune system.
- Refuse bad habits.
- Avoid prolonged use of hormonal contraceptives.
- Do not take hormonal drugs without the appointment of a doctor.
- Promptly treat vascular diseases that occur in acute or chronic form.
However, the main prevention of angiomy of the pharynx is that the future mother will be responsible for her health, avoid psychoemotional shocks, sleep well, eat well, take folic acid preparations and special vitamin and mineral complexes for pregnant women!
Compliance with these simple rules will help to significantly reduce the risks of the birth of a baby, with a predisposition to the development of a pathology such as angiopathy!
Chumachenko Olga, medical reviewer