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How to treat a cold during pregnancy: treatment rules in each trimester

How to treat a cold during pregnancy Cold.With this disease, absolutely everything collides, and if in ordinary life the symptoms of cold disappear for 3-4 days, and in most cases you can do with well-known means( both medicamentous and folk), during pregnancy even this banal disease is dangerous.

Because during pregnancy, many medications are in contra-indications, a woman needs to know how to treat a cold during child bearing.

Table of contents:

General recommendations for treatment of common cold in pregnant women

The first and main symptom of colds is the increase in body temperature - during pregnancy, it is strictly forbidden to take complex drugs( Coldrex, Fervex, etc.), and acetylsalicylic acidAnalgin.Doctors do not recommend taking any measures to normalize body temperature, if its performance does not exceed 38 degrees.

How to lower the temperature of pregnant women

What can be used for pregnant women with a rise in body temperature:

  1. Paracetamol.At any time of pregnancy, you can take paracetamol as an analgesic and antipyretic agent, but not more than 3 days in a row.If you follow the course of taking paracetamol according to the recommended dosages, it will not have any effect on the developing fetus, although this drug penetrates the placenta.
  2. Cold compress.It is done on the forehead, for which it is enough to moisten a towel or a textile napkin in water at room temperature.Apply the cloth to the forehead, hold until it warms up, then turn over.Instead of a napkin with water, you can use a hot-water bottle with ice, only on the forehead, put 2-3 layers of tissue.Such a compress will lower body temperature, ease the condition of the patient, make the headache less intense.
  3. Wiping with vinegar.This method can be used at any time of pregnancy, but it should be taken into account - you can not use acetic essence for this procedure, you need 5% vinegar.It is not recommended to use alcohol or vodka for wiping - even through the skin and the respiratory tract, alcohol penetrates into the placenta and from there to the fetus.

Note: if the hands and feet of the woman are not hot, there is no redness of the skin, then cold compresses are not recommended - a similar procedure can lead to a sharp narrowing of the blood vessels.

  1. You can take tea from a lime-colored color - it is allowed at any time of pregnancy, but it is useful both at elevated body temperature and at normal temperature.Bark fake color can be in the thermos - enough 10-15 minutes for infusion, but you need to take ½ cup twice a day.To improve the taste of the decoction it can add honey or raspberry jam.

How to treat a runny nose during pregnancy

During pregnancy, a woman is strictly forbidden to use vasoconstrictive drugs to treat colds - drops Naphthyzine, Tysin, Nazole and Oksimetazoline are contraindicated in pregnancy.They affect the heartbeat of the fetus - it increases, which can lead to the development of pathologies in the cardiac system of the unborn child.

It is possible to help a pregnant woman to cope with a runny nose and to facilitate her breathing with the help of nasal lavage.The procedure is done with the help of a saline solution - for 200 ml of warm water 2 g of common table salt.If the nasal passages are laid strongly, breathing is impossible, then you can make a stronger salt solution - for 200 ml of warm water you need to put 4 g of table salt.

Note: procedure for nose wash with salt solution can be performed 2-3 times a day, but you should beware of infection from the nasal passages in the ears.To prevent such a situation, it is necessary to do a washing without tension, giving the saline solution to calmly flow out of the nasal passage.

More detailed recommendations on the treatment of the common cold and other manifestations of the common cold in pregnancy - in the video review:

How to treat a cough with a pregnant

Doctors say that it is the cough with a catarrhal disease that is most difficult to treat without specific medications. A pregnant woman with coughing is given the following recommendations:

  • can not breathe cold air - if it's cold outside, then walks should be excluded;
  • to comply with bed rest - if a pregnant woman works, then you must make a sick leave;
  • need to talk as little as possible, shouting is generally forbidden;
  • can not breathe intensely - inhale / exhale should pass calmly, without tension;
  • on the chest and back can attach a pepper patch;
  • the chest and back can be rubbed with ointments with a warming effect;
  • it is necessary to drink a lot of liquid - it can be a tea with raspberries, and water with a lemon, but necessarily warm;
  • back, arms and legs, keep the breasts constantly warm;
  • for the night should drink a glass of warm milk with the addition of baking soda( half a teaspoon) and butter( a teaspoon).

Note: on certain pregnancy terms, you can take certain medications, but only as directed and under the supervision of a doctor.

How to treat a throat with a pregnant

If there is a pain in the throat, then medication is thoughtless to help alleviate it - for example, alcohol-containing sprays, tincture of calendula and even propolis.But there are also some tools that doctors are allowed to apply to the treatment of the throat even during the bearing of the child. These include:

  • rinse solution chlorhexidine - it does not enter the bloodstream, so there is no danger to the fetus;
  • myramistin spray( or rinse solution) - does not penetrate the placenta;
  • Chamomile officinalis, sold in pharmacies - decoction rinse the throat when any pain occurs against the background of the inflammatory process;
  • lugol.

Note: during pregnancy can be treated with throat lollipops based on lysozyme is a natural enzyme that does not adversely affect the intrauterine development of the baby.These lollipops include lysobact and laripront.

Treatment of a cold in the 1st trimester of pregnancy

It is in the early stages of pregnancy that the probability of getting a cold in a woman is very high - the immune system of the body is greatly weakened.It is early pregnancy that is extremely undesirable for colds, doctors say that even at the 10th week of pregnancy, the disease in question is less dangerous for a future baby.

What should I do for a pregnant woman:

  • observe bed rest;
  • exclude walks in the fresh air and in general any physical activity;
  • to facilitate the condition, you can carry out inhalations with a decoction of chamomile pharmacies;
  • for the relief of breathing can be used to wash the nasal passages with saline solution;
  • in the room where the pregnant woman is, there must be moistened air;
  • the future mummy needs to provide a plentiful drink - tea on linden color with the addition of honey, raspberry jam;
  • with increasing temperature can only do a cold compress and wiping with vinegar.

Note: , when the first signs of a cold appear in the early stages of pregnancy, you should seek professional help - only a doctor can determine the risk of use within the therapy of medicines.

According to statistics, there will be no consequences after a cold in the first trimester of pregnancy, if the reaction to the symptoms of the disease is timely, follow the prescriptions and recommendations of the doctors.

About the treatment of acute respiratory disease in pregnant women in the early days in a short video review will tell the pediatrician, Dr. Komarovsky:

Treatment of colds in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy

Cold in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, to put it mildly, an undesirable event.The danger is that the development of such a pathology can adversely affect the health of the future baby - it is in the 2nd trimester that the nervous system of the fetus is formed and develops, and in addition fetoplacental insufficiency can develop.In turn, fetoplacental insufficiency provokes a delay in fetal development, oxygen starvation( hypoxia) and an increased risk of premature birth.

No serious colds of the fetus can cause a cold in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, but this does not mean that a woman can calm down and wait for self-recovery. This is what specialists warn about:

  • 14th week of pregnancy - a common cold can provoke miscarriage or impaired development of the endocrine system of the fetus;
  • 16-17 week of pregnancy - a cold adversely affects the process of formation of the musculoskeletal system, in particular, bone tissue;
  • 19 and 20 week of pregnancy - if the female fetus develops in utero, the cold will affect the formation of eggs.

What can I do for a woman:

  • Pregnancy_caffeine observe bed rest;
  • provide yourself with an abundant drink - tea with raspberries, lemon / honey;
  • the throat can be rinsed with a decoction of chamomile or a baking soda solution;
  • nasal passages can be washed with saline.

Please note: is strictly forbidden to take any medications and funds from the category "traditional medicine" without consulting the treating doctor and gynecologist.

Treatment of a common cold in pregnancy at the 3rd trimester

The third trimester of pregnancy can be considered less dangerous in terms of colds.But!Relax and ignore the symptoms of the condition in question in no case it is impossible. Judge for yourself what the trivial common cold in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy can lead to:

  • Treatment of colds during pregnancy in the 3rd trimester 31st week of pregnancy - premature birth may occur;
  • 33 week of pregnancy - the fetus is very vulnerable to infections, because it has an undeveloped immune system;
  • 34 week of pregnancy - a woman may have a hormonal background, namely, he "responds" during this period to the production of breast milk;
  • 35 week - cold provokes complicated premature birth;
  • Week 36 - placental abruption can occur, accompanied by premature discharge of amniotic fluid;
  • 37 week of pregnancy - the infection is able to penetrate into the amniotic fluid, namely it is often consumed by the baby, being in the womb of the mother.

Colds in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy threaten premature aging of the placenta, which leads to a lack of protection of the fetus.Of course, a child inside the womb can not get sick, but to get a dose of toxins from medicines - the chances are great.Therefore, you can not take any medications without a doctor's appointment without a doctor, you have to be extremely careful when choosing the funds from the category of "traditional medicine".

If you have the first symptoms of a cold in later pregnancy, you should immediately seek help from a gynecologist - usually expectant mothers at 39-40 weeks with a cold immediately put in a hospital, in the maternity ward.It will be necessary to undergo a course of correct therapy, which will allow you to recover from a cold before delivery.

Cold at any time of pregnancy should be controlled by doctors - no drugs( even at first glance, absolutely simple and safe) are taken in an independent mode categorically prohibited.Even people's remedies for cold do not fit all during the gestation of a child.Therefore frivolity at the crucial moment of a woman's life is unacceptable - it is necessary to take care not only of one's own health, but also the normal development of the future baby.

What medicines can I use during pregnancy?You will get the answer to this question by viewing the video review:

Yana Tsygankova, medical reviewer, therapeutist of the highest qualification category.

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