Than to gargle with a sore throat: rules of treatment of tonsillitis at home
Jun 01, 2018
Angina, or acute tonsillitis, is caused by various microorganisms and is characterized by severe pain in the throat and the phenomena of general intoxication.Most often this disease affects children and young people.Contents: How to treat angina at home Why gargle with angina How to gargle with acute tonsillitis How to gargle with tonsillitis Treatment for sore throats with folk remedies Recommended:
How to treat sore throat at home
Microorganisms, Causing angina, are very diverse.Here and bacteria, and fungi, and viruses, and in each case should be assigned to the most appropriate drug.In the bacterial nature of the disease, antibiotics are used, with fungal - antifungal agents.In some forms of viral sore throat, antiviral agents( acyclovir) are prescribed, as well as immunomodulators and inducers of interferon synthesis.However, the effectiveness of the latter is in question.Simultaneously with the systemic application of appropriate drugs, local treatment methods are also used.Here and the use of sprays, and inhalation forms of drugs.However, the simplest method is to rinse the throat.
Why gargle with angina
Angina is a local infection that affects the mucous membrane of the tonsils.It is logical that a direct effect on the inflammatory process in the very place where it is located will be very effective.When rinsing, the medicine is delivered directly to the infectious focus, where it destroys microorganisms, reduces the intensity of inflammation and stimulates the regeneration of the mucous membrane.In addition, with this method, there is a mechanical removal of pus, microbes and products of their vital activity, which means a decrease in the load on the body's defense systems.
How to gargle with acute tonsillitis
Any solution used for rinsing should be warm.Too cold a fluid leads to a narrowing of the blood vessels in the tonsils, and therefore a worsening of their protective functions.Too hot liquid helps to increase the growth of bacteria and increase the intensity of inflammation.The optimum temperature is 35-37 ° C.The frequency of rinses in case of application of pharmaceutical preparations is indicated in the instructions to them, or it is established by the attending physician.If you use folk remedies for treatment of sore throat, then the frequency of 5-6 rinses a day can be considered optimal.The volume of the solution used is 100-150 ml.In some situations, this amount can be increased.The use of smaller volumes is not advisable, since there will not be sufficient clearance of tonsils, and the dose of antimicrobial substances will be too small.To get the maximum effect from rinsing, you should dial a solution into your mouth, throw your head back, stick out your tongue and gently exhale the air from your lungs.It is not recommended to "gurgle" and make a sound - it can lead to the ingress of fluid into the respiratory tract and popperhivaniyu.After expiration, the solution should be spit and a new portion of it should be collected.At the end of the procedure, eating, drinking any liquids, smoking for an hour is not recommended.If there is a need for rinsing with different solutions, then the interval between the procedures should be at least 30 minutes.
Than to gargle with angina
Traditional medicine has a very wide arsenal of medicines from the group of antiseptics.Some of them are synthetic, others have a natural origin.
Iodine-containing products have strong antimicrobial, antiviral and antifungal activity.In contact with the skin or mucous membrane, the polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine complex releases atomic iodine, which destroys the membranes of bacteria.The use of this group of medicines is limited by contraindications, among which are thyroid dysfunctions, herpetiform dermatitis of Dühring, impaired renal function, pregnancy and lactation.Representatives of this group are betadine, iodinol, rivanol, vocadin, povidone.Analogue preparations of this group can be considered as prepared in the home, iodine-soda-salt solution in the proportion of 1 teaspoon baking soda, as much table salt and 2-3 drops of alcoholic iodine solution per glass of water.Salt helps to "pull" pus from the folds of the tonsils, soda makes it more friable, and iodine destroys microorganisms.
This substance, in contact with damaged tissues and microbes, releases atomic oxygen - the most powerful oxidant that destroys microorganisms.Having antiseptic properties, hydrogen peroxide effectively disinfects the surface of the inflammation focus.Emerging foam allows you to remove dirt from the mucous membrane of the tonsils, reducing the microbial load on the body.The rinse solution is prepared in the proportion of 2 tablespoons peroxide per 200 ml of water.
This substance, known as potassium permanganate, acts in the same way as peroxide.In addition, potassium permanganate has a tanning effect, that is, it cauterizes the inflammatory focus, forming a kind of "crust" that does not allow microbes to penetrate deep into the tissues.A rinse solution is used for rinsing.The normal concentration of the solution is 1 g of potassium permanganate powder per 2 liters of water.It is forbidden to use in children.Please note: modern medicine has refused to use this remedy, since it is possible that the crystals of potassium permanganate do not dissolve, causing burns.
This preparation has antiseptic and analgesic effects.When rinsing, in addition to destroying microbes, it is able to envelop the mucous membrane of the tonsils, preventing the invasion of microorganisms.It is used undiluted twice a day.
Tantum Verde in the form of a solution contains benzidamine, which has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.Its use reduces the brightness of the inflammatory reaction and improves the patient's condition by reducing the severity of sore throat and general intoxication.Apply undiluted for one tablespoon every 1.5-3 hours.
Complex preparation based on the local antiseptic chlorhexidine.It antimicrobial, antifungal and antiviral action, reduces the intensity of pain in the throat, suppresses inflammation.The solution is prepared in a proportion of 2-4 teaspoons per cup of water.It is forbidden to use in children because of the risk of ingestion( contains ethyl alcohol).
Most angin is caused by streptococci, against which this drug is particularly effective.It is used in the form of 0.1% alcohol solution for rinsing the mouth and throat, is contraindicated for children because of the alcohol content.
This local antiseptic is also very effective in streptococcal infections.To prepare the solution one tablet of furacilin is rubbed to a powdery state and dissolved in a glass of very hot water.After cooling to the required temperature, the solution is ready for use.
This is a plant collection containing parts of marigold, chamomile, string, sage and eucalyptus.The complex of biologically active substances that make up the plants has a pronounced antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect, reduces the severity of pain in the throat, stimulates the regeneration of tissues.It is used in the form of infusion or broth( efficiency is equivalent).
Treatment of sore throats with folk remedies
Many patients are skeptical about traditional drugs, considering them "chemistry."Methods of traditional medicine seem to them more effective and safe.It should be noted that the effectiveness of non-traditional methods of treatment is not proven, therefore their use is not recommended by "official" medicine.The list of "non-traditional" rinses is very wide, some of them are even taken up by science( for example, elekasol). The following methods are the safest:
- juice of one glass grated beet mixed with 1 tbsp.L.Vinegar;
- infusion of tea fungus, applied 10 times a day;
- 20 sheets of ivy with the addition of salt, boiled in wine;
- 1 tbsp.L.Flowers of chamomile, infused on a glass of boiling water;In the prepared infusion, add a teaspoon of honey;
- 1 tbsp.L.Bark of willow, boiled for 30 minutes in a glass of water.
Do not forget that gargling with angina is an auxiliary method that does not abolish antibiotics.In 20% of patients, angina passes into a chronic form and there is a possibility that it is due to improper treatment.A single rinse, even if done according to all the rules, is not enough to completely destroy the pathogen, so it is not necessary to treat it yourself, but under the supervision of a qualified ENT specialist. Bozbey Gennadiy, medical reviewer, ambulance doctor